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Deaths from homicides: a historical series.

Costa FA, da Trindade RF, dos Santos CB - Rev Lat Am Enfermagem (2014)

Bottom Line: In the 13 years analyzed, homicides have risen 203%, with 94% of these deaths occurring among the male population.Within this group, the growth occurred mainly in the age range from 15 to 29 years of age.It was ascertained that 83% of the deaths were caused by firearms; 57.2% occurred in public thoroughfares; and 98.4% in the urban zone.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, BA, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: to describe mortality from homicides in Itabuna, in the State of Bahia.

Method: study with hybrid, ecological and time-trend design. The mortality coefficients per 1,000 inhabitants, adjusted by the direct technique, proportional mortality by sex and age range, and Potential Years of Life Lost were all calculated.

Results: since 2005, the external causes have moved from third to second most-common cause of death, with homicides being responsible for the increase. In the 13 years analyzed, homicides have risen 203%, with 94% of these deaths occurring among the male population. Within this group, the growth occurred mainly in the age range from 15 to 29 years of age. It was ascertained that 83% of the deaths were caused by firearms; 57.2% occurred in public thoroughfares; and 98.4% in the urban zone. In 2012, the 173 homicides resulted in 7,837 potential years of life lost, with each death causing, on average, the loss of 45.3 years.

Conclusions: mortality by homicide in a medium-sized city in Bahia reaches levels observed in the big cities of Brazil in the 1980s, evidencing that the phenomenon of criminality - formerly predominant only in the big urban centers - is advancing into the rural area of Brazil, causing changes in the map of violent homicide in Brazil.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of the Coefficients of Mortality by homicides, male sex, byage groups and year. Itabuna, BA, Brazil, 2000-2012
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f03: Distribution of the Coefficients of Mortality by homicides, male sex, byage groups and year. Itabuna, BA, Brazil, 2000-2012

Mentions: The comparison, over the years studied, of the data relative to the coefficients ofmortality by homicides, showed that among men increases occurred in all of the ageranges, with emphasis on that of 15 to 29 years old, in which the coefficients went from1.0 to 6.2 deaths per 1000 inhabitants (Figure 3).Among women, the biggest coefficients were also recorded in this age range, varying from0.08 in 2000, to 0.11 in 2012. In the other age ranges, among the women, the mortalitycoefficients fell. The percentage of deaths from homicide among men aged between 15 and29 years old was 56 times greater than that recorded among the women in the same agegroup in 2012.


Deaths from homicides: a historical series.

Costa FA, da Trindade RF, dos Santos CB - Rev Lat Am Enfermagem (2014)

Distribution of the Coefficients of Mortality by homicides, male sex, byage groups and year. Itabuna, BA, Brazil, 2000-2012
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4309238&req=5

f03: Distribution of the Coefficients of Mortality by homicides, male sex, byage groups and year. Itabuna, BA, Brazil, 2000-2012
Mentions: The comparison, over the years studied, of the data relative to the coefficients ofmortality by homicides, showed that among men increases occurred in all of the ageranges, with emphasis on that of 15 to 29 years old, in which the coefficients went from1.0 to 6.2 deaths per 1000 inhabitants (Figure 3).Among women, the biggest coefficients were also recorded in this age range, varying from0.08 in 2000, to 0.11 in 2012. In the other age ranges, among the women, the mortalitycoefficients fell. The percentage of deaths from homicide among men aged between 15 and29 years old was 56 times greater than that recorded among the women in the same agegroup in 2012.

Bottom Line: In the 13 years analyzed, homicides have risen 203%, with 94% of these deaths occurring among the male population.Within this group, the growth occurred mainly in the age range from 15 to 29 years of age.It was ascertained that 83% of the deaths were caused by firearms; 57.2% occurred in public thoroughfares; and 98.4% in the urban zone.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, BA, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: to describe mortality from homicides in Itabuna, in the State of Bahia.

Method: study with hybrid, ecological and time-trend design. The mortality coefficients per 1,000 inhabitants, adjusted by the direct technique, proportional mortality by sex and age range, and Potential Years of Life Lost were all calculated.

Results: since 2005, the external causes have moved from third to second most-common cause of death, with homicides being responsible for the increase. In the 13 years analyzed, homicides have risen 203%, with 94% of these deaths occurring among the male population. Within this group, the growth occurred mainly in the age range from 15 to 29 years of age. It was ascertained that 83% of the deaths were caused by firearms; 57.2% occurred in public thoroughfares; and 98.4% in the urban zone. In 2012, the 173 homicides resulted in 7,837 potential years of life lost, with each death causing, on average, the loss of 45.3 years.

Conclusions: mortality by homicide in a medium-sized city in Bahia reaches levels observed in the big cities of Brazil in the 1980s, evidencing that the phenomenon of criminality - formerly predominant only in the big urban centers - is advancing into the rural area of Brazil, causing changes in the map of violent homicide in Brazil.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus