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Deaths from homicides: a historical series.

Costa FA, da Trindade RF, dos Santos CB - Rev Lat Am Enfermagem (2014)

Bottom Line: In the 13 years analyzed, homicides have risen 203%, with 94% of these deaths occurring among the male population.Within this group, the growth occurred mainly in the age range from 15 to 29 years of age.It was ascertained that 83% of the deaths were caused by firearms; 57.2% occurred in public thoroughfares; and 98.4% in the urban zone.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, BA, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: to describe mortality from homicides in Itabuna, in the State of Bahia.

Method: study with hybrid, ecological and time-trend design. The mortality coefficients per 1,000 inhabitants, adjusted by the direct technique, proportional mortality by sex and age range, and Potential Years of Life Lost were all calculated.

Results: since 2005, the external causes have moved from third to second most-common cause of death, with homicides being responsible for the increase. In the 13 years analyzed, homicides have risen 203%, with 94% of these deaths occurring among the male population. Within this group, the growth occurred mainly in the age range from 15 to 29 years of age. It was ascertained that 83% of the deaths were caused by firearms; 57.2% occurred in public thoroughfares; and 98.4% in the urban zone. In 2012, the 173 homicides resulted in 7,837 potential years of life lost, with each death causing, on average, the loss of 45.3 years.

Conclusions: mortality by homicide in a medium-sized city in Bahia reaches levels observed in the big cities of Brazil in the 1980s, evidencing that the phenomenon of criminality - formerly predominant only in the big urban centers - is advancing into the rural area of Brazil, causing changes in the map of violent homicide in Brazil.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of the Mortality Coefficients (per 1000 inhabitants) of allages, according to the set of external causes and year. Itabuna, BA, Brazil,2000-2012
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f02: Distribution of the Mortality Coefficients (per 1000 inhabitants) of allages, according to the set of external causes and year. Itabuna, BA, Brazil,2000-2012

Mentions: Figure 2 shows the growth of the coefficients ofmortality from homicide, which from the beginning of the series, through to the year2012, went from 0.28/1000 inhabitants to 0.85/1000 inhabitants. The other externalcauses (road traffic accidents, suicides, other accidental causes and other externalcauses involving medical and surgical complications) maintained stable coefficientsuntil the year 2011, presenting a fall in 2012, which may indicate shortcomings in therecording of information.


Deaths from homicides: a historical series.

Costa FA, da Trindade RF, dos Santos CB - Rev Lat Am Enfermagem (2014)

Distribution of the Mortality Coefficients (per 1000 inhabitants) of allages, according to the set of external causes and year. Itabuna, BA, Brazil,2000-2012
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4309238&req=5

f02: Distribution of the Mortality Coefficients (per 1000 inhabitants) of allages, according to the set of external causes and year. Itabuna, BA, Brazil,2000-2012
Mentions: Figure 2 shows the growth of the coefficients ofmortality from homicide, which from the beginning of the series, through to the year2012, went from 0.28/1000 inhabitants to 0.85/1000 inhabitants. The other externalcauses (road traffic accidents, suicides, other accidental causes and other externalcauses involving medical and surgical complications) maintained stable coefficientsuntil the year 2011, presenting a fall in 2012, which may indicate shortcomings in therecording of information.

Bottom Line: In the 13 years analyzed, homicides have risen 203%, with 94% of these deaths occurring among the male population.Within this group, the growth occurred mainly in the age range from 15 to 29 years of age.It was ascertained that 83% of the deaths were caused by firearms; 57.2% occurred in public thoroughfares; and 98.4% in the urban zone.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, BA, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: to describe mortality from homicides in Itabuna, in the State of Bahia.

Method: study with hybrid, ecological and time-trend design. The mortality coefficients per 1,000 inhabitants, adjusted by the direct technique, proportional mortality by sex and age range, and Potential Years of Life Lost were all calculated.

Results: since 2005, the external causes have moved from third to second most-common cause of death, with homicides being responsible for the increase. In the 13 years analyzed, homicides have risen 203%, with 94% of these deaths occurring among the male population. Within this group, the growth occurred mainly in the age range from 15 to 29 years of age. It was ascertained that 83% of the deaths were caused by firearms; 57.2% occurred in public thoroughfares; and 98.4% in the urban zone. In 2012, the 173 homicides resulted in 7,837 potential years of life lost, with each death causing, on average, the loss of 45.3 years.

Conclusions: mortality by homicide in a medium-sized city in Bahia reaches levels observed in the big cities of Brazil in the 1980s, evidencing that the phenomenon of criminality - formerly predominant only in the big urban centers - is advancing into the rural area of Brazil, causing changes in the map of violent homicide in Brazil.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus