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Deaths from homicides: a historical series.

Costa FA, da Trindade RF, dos Santos CB - Rev Lat Am Enfermagem (2014)

Bottom Line: In the 13 years analyzed, homicides have risen 203%, with 94% of these deaths occurring among the male population.Within this group, the growth occurred mainly in the age range from 15 to 29 years of age.It was ascertained that 83% of the deaths were caused by firearms; 57.2% occurred in public thoroughfares; and 98.4% in the urban zone.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, BA, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: to describe mortality from homicides in Itabuna, in the State of Bahia.

Method: study with hybrid, ecological and time-trend design. The mortality coefficients per 1,000 inhabitants, adjusted by the direct technique, proportional mortality by sex and age range, and Potential Years of Life Lost were all calculated.

Results: since 2005, the external causes have moved from third to second most-common cause of death, with homicides being responsible for the increase. In the 13 years analyzed, homicides have risen 203%, with 94% of these deaths occurring among the male population. Within this group, the growth occurred mainly in the age range from 15 to 29 years of age. It was ascertained that 83% of the deaths were caused by firearms; 57.2% occurred in public thoroughfares; and 98.4% in the urban zone. In 2012, the 173 homicides resulted in 7,837 potential years of life lost, with each death causing, on average, the loss of 45.3 years.

Conclusions: mortality by homicide in a medium-sized city in Bahia reaches levels observed in the big cities of Brazil in the 1980s, evidencing that the phenomenon of criminality - formerly predominant only in the big urban centers - is advancing into the rural area of Brazil, causing changes in the map of violent homicide in Brazil.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of the Mortality Coefficients (per 1000 inhabitants)standardized by age, using the direct technique, in accordance with fiveprincipal specific causes of death and year. Itabuna, BA, Brazil,2000-2012
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f01: Distribution of the Mortality Coefficients (per 1000 inhabitants)standardized by age, using the direct technique, in accordance with fiveprincipal specific causes of death and year. Itabuna, BA, Brazil,2000-2012

Mentions: Of the deaths by defined causes, from 2005 onward, in the municipality of Itabuna, theexternal causes (accidents and violence), which occupied third place, moved to secondplace, as shown in Figure 1, which shows themortality coefficients by specific cause, standardized by age, by the direct technique,in accordance with the following age ranges: less than one year; 1 to 4 years; 5 to 9years; 10 to 14 years; 15 to 19 years; 20 to 29 years; 30 to 39 years; 40 to 49 years;50 to 59 years, 60 to 69 years; 70 to 79 years and 80 years and over. Thus, in theperiod studied, the lowest coefficient of deaths from external causes was of 0.88/1,000inhabitants in 2000, and the highest was 1.39/1,000 inhabitants in 2010, whichrepresents a growth of approximately 37% of deaths from this set of causes. For thestandardization of these coefficients by the direct technique, those deaths for whichthe age is unknown were discarded: 05 deaths from Cardiovascular Diseases; 02 deathsfrom Respiratory Diseases; 01 death from Neoplasia and 36 deaths from External Causes.


Deaths from homicides: a historical series.

Costa FA, da Trindade RF, dos Santos CB - Rev Lat Am Enfermagem (2014)

Distribution of the Mortality Coefficients (per 1000 inhabitants)standardized by age, using the direct technique, in accordance with fiveprincipal specific causes of death and year. Itabuna, BA, Brazil,2000-2012
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4309238&req=5

f01: Distribution of the Mortality Coefficients (per 1000 inhabitants)standardized by age, using the direct technique, in accordance with fiveprincipal specific causes of death and year. Itabuna, BA, Brazil,2000-2012
Mentions: Of the deaths by defined causes, from 2005 onward, in the municipality of Itabuna, theexternal causes (accidents and violence), which occupied third place, moved to secondplace, as shown in Figure 1, which shows themortality coefficients by specific cause, standardized by age, by the direct technique,in accordance with the following age ranges: less than one year; 1 to 4 years; 5 to 9years; 10 to 14 years; 15 to 19 years; 20 to 29 years; 30 to 39 years; 40 to 49 years;50 to 59 years, 60 to 69 years; 70 to 79 years and 80 years and over. Thus, in theperiod studied, the lowest coefficient of deaths from external causes was of 0.88/1,000inhabitants in 2000, and the highest was 1.39/1,000 inhabitants in 2010, whichrepresents a growth of approximately 37% of deaths from this set of causes. For thestandardization of these coefficients by the direct technique, those deaths for whichthe age is unknown were discarded: 05 deaths from Cardiovascular Diseases; 02 deathsfrom Respiratory Diseases; 01 death from Neoplasia and 36 deaths from External Causes.

Bottom Line: In the 13 years analyzed, homicides have risen 203%, with 94% of these deaths occurring among the male population.Within this group, the growth occurred mainly in the age range from 15 to 29 years of age.It was ascertained that 83% of the deaths were caused by firearms; 57.2% occurred in public thoroughfares; and 98.4% in the urban zone.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, BA, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: to describe mortality from homicides in Itabuna, in the State of Bahia.

Method: study with hybrid, ecological and time-trend design. The mortality coefficients per 1,000 inhabitants, adjusted by the direct technique, proportional mortality by sex and age range, and Potential Years of Life Lost were all calculated.

Results: since 2005, the external causes have moved from third to second most-common cause of death, with homicides being responsible for the increase. In the 13 years analyzed, homicides have risen 203%, with 94% of these deaths occurring among the male population. Within this group, the growth occurred mainly in the age range from 15 to 29 years of age. It was ascertained that 83% of the deaths were caused by firearms; 57.2% occurred in public thoroughfares; and 98.4% in the urban zone. In 2012, the 173 homicides resulted in 7,837 potential years of life lost, with each death causing, on average, the loss of 45.3 years.

Conclusions: mortality by homicide in a medium-sized city in Bahia reaches levels observed in the big cities of Brazil in the 1980s, evidencing that the phenomenon of criminality - formerly predominant only in the big urban centers - is advancing into the rural area of Brazil, causing changes in the map of violent homicide in Brazil.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus