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An exploratory study into the effects of extraordinary nature on emotions, mood, and prosociality.

Joye Y, Bolderdijk JW - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: However, little research has yet examined the psychological benefits of extraordinary, awe-evoking kinds of nature, such as spectacular mountain scenes or impressive waterfalls.Our analyses revealed that, compared to mundane nature and a neutral condition, watching awesome natural scenes and phenomena had some unique and pronounced emotional effects (e.g., feeling small and humble), triggered the most mood improvement, and led to a more prosocial SVO.We found that participants' willingness to donate did not differ significantly for any of the conditions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Marketing, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Groningen Groningen, Netherlands.

ABSTRACT
Environmental psychology research has demonstrated that exposure to mundane natural environments can be psychologically beneficial, and can, for instance, improve individuals' mood and concentration. However, little research has yet examined the psychological benefits of extraordinary, awe-evoking kinds of nature, such as spectacular mountain scenes or impressive waterfalls. In this study, we aimed to address the underrepresentation of such extraordinary nature in research on human-nature interactions. Specifically, we examined whether watching a picture slideshow of awesome as opposed to mundane nature differentially affected individuals' emotions, mood, social value orientation (SVO), and their willingness to donate something to others. Our analyses revealed that, compared to mundane nature and a neutral condition, watching awesome natural scenes and phenomena had some unique and pronounced emotional effects (e.g., feeling small and humble), triggered the most mood improvement, and led to a more prosocial SVO. We found that participants' willingness to donate did not differ significantly for any of the conditions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The effect of awesome vs. mundane nature on mood is mediated by awe. Note that we obtained the beta coefficients by running separate regressions in which we directly compared awesome (dummy-coded as 1) with mundane nature (dummy-coded as 0).
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Figure 4: The effect of awesome vs. mundane nature on mood is mediated by awe. Note that we obtained the beta coefficients by running separate regressions in which we directly compared awesome (dummy-coded as 1) with mundane nature (dummy-coded as 0).

Mentions: We made use of Preacher and Hayes' bootstrap method for testing mediation, employing the SPSS macro PROCESS (Model 4) developed by Hayes (2013). We first tested whether awe could account for the documented differences in mood. We entered mood improvement scores as the dependent variable, slideshow condition (awesome vs. mundane) as the independent variable, and awe as the proposed mediator (See Figure 4 for a graphical depiction). The analysis showed that the bias-corrected 95% confidence interval (1000 bootstrap samples) for the indirect effect of slideshow condition (mundane vs. awesome) through awe did not include zero (−7.79 to −0.53). This is consistent with the interpretation that the mood-lifting effect of awesome nature (as compared to mundane nature) indeed stemmed from the feeling of awe which participants had experienced during the slideshow. We then tested whether awe could account for the documented differences in SVO (as discussed above). We conducted a second mediation analysis, now with the overall SVO score as the dependent variable. A bias-corrected 95% confidence interval (1000 bootstrap samples) for the indirect effect of slideshow condition (awesome vs. mundane) through awe included zero (−0.05 to 0.00). So, we could not confirm that the differential effect of the nature conditions (awesome vs. mundane nature) on the overall SVO score was caused by awe.


An exploratory study into the effects of extraordinary nature on emotions, mood, and prosociality.

Joye Y, Bolderdijk JW - Front Psychol (2015)

The effect of awesome vs. mundane nature on mood is mediated by awe. Note that we obtained the beta coefficients by running separate regressions in which we directly compared awesome (dummy-coded as 1) with mundane nature (dummy-coded as 0).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4309161&req=5

Figure 4: The effect of awesome vs. mundane nature on mood is mediated by awe. Note that we obtained the beta coefficients by running separate regressions in which we directly compared awesome (dummy-coded as 1) with mundane nature (dummy-coded as 0).
Mentions: We made use of Preacher and Hayes' bootstrap method for testing mediation, employing the SPSS macro PROCESS (Model 4) developed by Hayes (2013). We first tested whether awe could account for the documented differences in mood. We entered mood improvement scores as the dependent variable, slideshow condition (awesome vs. mundane) as the independent variable, and awe as the proposed mediator (See Figure 4 for a graphical depiction). The analysis showed that the bias-corrected 95% confidence interval (1000 bootstrap samples) for the indirect effect of slideshow condition (mundane vs. awesome) through awe did not include zero (−7.79 to −0.53). This is consistent with the interpretation that the mood-lifting effect of awesome nature (as compared to mundane nature) indeed stemmed from the feeling of awe which participants had experienced during the slideshow. We then tested whether awe could account for the documented differences in SVO (as discussed above). We conducted a second mediation analysis, now with the overall SVO score as the dependent variable. A bias-corrected 95% confidence interval (1000 bootstrap samples) for the indirect effect of slideshow condition (awesome vs. mundane) through awe included zero (−0.05 to 0.00). So, we could not confirm that the differential effect of the nature conditions (awesome vs. mundane nature) on the overall SVO score was caused by awe.

Bottom Line: However, little research has yet examined the psychological benefits of extraordinary, awe-evoking kinds of nature, such as spectacular mountain scenes or impressive waterfalls.Our analyses revealed that, compared to mundane nature and a neutral condition, watching awesome natural scenes and phenomena had some unique and pronounced emotional effects (e.g., feeling small and humble), triggered the most mood improvement, and led to a more prosocial SVO.We found that participants' willingness to donate did not differ significantly for any of the conditions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Marketing, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Groningen Groningen, Netherlands.

ABSTRACT
Environmental psychology research has demonstrated that exposure to mundane natural environments can be psychologically beneficial, and can, for instance, improve individuals' mood and concentration. However, little research has yet examined the psychological benefits of extraordinary, awe-evoking kinds of nature, such as spectacular mountain scenes or impressive waterfalls. In this study, we aimed to address the underrepresentation of such extraordinary nature in research on human-nature interactions. Specifically, we examined whether watching a picture slideshow of awesome as opposed to mundane nature differentially affected individuals' emotions, mood, social value orientation (SVO), and their willingness to donate something to others. Our analyses revealed that, compared to mundane nature and a neutral condition, watching awesome natural scenes and phenomena had some unique and pronounced emotional effects (e.g., feeling small and humble), triggered the most mood improvement, and led to a more prosocial SVO. We found that participants' willingness to donate did not differ significantly for any of the conditions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus