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Changes in malaria epidemiology in a rural area of Cubal, Angola.

Salvador F, Cossio Y, Riera M, Sánchez-Montalvá A, Bocanegra C, Mendioroz J, Eugenio AN, Sulleiro E, Meredith W, López T, Moreno M, Molina I - Malar. J. (2015)

Bottom Line: Overall, 23,106 thick blood films were performed, of which 3,279 (14.2%) were positive for Plasmodium falciparum infection.During this five-year period, a reduction of 40% (95% CI 37-43%, p < 0.001) in the malaria-positive slides was detected.Distribution of positive-malaria slides showed a seasonal distribution with a peak from December to March (rainy season).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Infectious Diseases, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. fmsalvad@vhebron.net.

ABSTRACT

Background: Scarce information about malaria epidemiology in Angola has been published. The objective of this study is to describe the epidemiology of malaria at the Hospital Nossa Senhora da Paz (Cubal, Angola) and the fatality rate due to malaria (total and in children under five years) in the last five years.

Methods: A retrospective, observational study was performed at the Hospital Nossa Senhora da Paz, a 400-bed rural hospital located in Benguela Province of Angola. The study population included all patients who attended the hospital from January 2009 to December 2013. Outcome variables were calculated as follows: the percentage of malaria cases (number of positive thick blood films, divided by the total thick blood films performed); the percentage of in-patients for malaria (number of in-patients diagnosed with malaria, divided by the total number of in-patients); and, the fatality rate (number of deaths due to malaria divided by the number of positive thick blood films).

Results: Overall, 23,106 thick blood films were performed, of which 3,279 (14.2%) were positive for Plasmodium falciparum infection. During this five-year period, a reduction of 40% (95% CI 37-43%, p < 0.001) in the malaria-positive slides was detected. Distribution of positive-malaria slides showed a seasonal distribution with a peak from December to March (rainy season). An average annual reduction of 52% (95% CI 50-54%, p < 0.001) in the admissions due to malaria was observed. The overall fatality rate due to malaria was 8.3%, and no significant differences in the annual fatality rate were found (p = 0.553).

Conclusions: A reduction in the number of malaria cases and the number of admissions due to malaria has been observed at the Hospital Nossa Senhora da Paz, during the last five years, and incidence along the study period showed a seasonal distribution. All this information could be useful when deciding which malaria control strategies have to be implemented in this area.

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Case fatality rate for malaria in Hospital Nossa Senhora da Paz. CFR, case fatality rate.
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Fig6: Case fatality rate for malaria in Hospital Nossa Senhora da Paz. CFR, case fatality rate.

Mentions: The overall fatality rate due to malaria (number of deaths due to malaria divided by the number of positive thick blood films) was 8.3%. When comparing the annual fatality rate during the study period, no significant differences were found (p = 0.553) (Figure 6).Figure 6


Changes in malaria epidemiology in a rural area of Cubal, Angola.

Salvador F, Cossio Y, Riera M, Sánchez-Montalvá A, Bocanegra C, Mendioroz J, Eugenio AN, Sulleiro E, Meredith W, López T, Moreno M, Molina I - Malar. J. (2015)

Case fatality rate for malaria in Hospital Nossa Senhora da Paz. CFR, case fatality rate.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4308942&req=5

Fig6: Case fatality rate for malaria in Hospital Nossa Senhora da Paz. CFR, case fatality rate.
Mentions: The overall fatality rate due to malaria (number of deaths due to malaria divided by the number of positive thick blood films) was 8.3%. When comparing the annual fatality rate during the study period, no significant differences were found (p = 0.553) (Figure 6).Figure 6

Bottom Line: Overall, 23,106 thick blood films were performed, of which 3,279 (14.2%) were positive for Plasmodium falciparum infection.During this five-year period, a reduction of 40% (95% CI 37-43%, p < 0.001) in the malaria-positive slides was detected.Distribution of positive-malaria slides showed a seasonal distribution with a peak from December to March (rainy season).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Infectious Diseases, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. fmsalvad@vhebron.net.

ABSTRACT

Background: Scarce information about malaria epidemiology in Angola has been published. The objective of this study is to describe the epidemiology of malaria at the Hospital Nossa Senhora da Paz (Cubal, Angola) and the fatality rate due to malaria (total and in children under five years) in the last five years.

Methods: A retrospective, observational study was performed at the Hospital Nossa Senhora da Paz, a 400-bed rural hospital located in Benguela Province of Angola. The study population included all patients who attended the hospital from January 2009 to December 2013. Outcome variables were calculated as follows: the percentage of malaria cases (number of positive thick blood films, divided by the total thick blood films performed); the percentage of in-patients for malaria (number of in-patients diagnosed with malaria, divided by the total number of in-patients); and, the fatality rate (number of deaths due to malaria divided by the number of positive thick blood films).

Results: Overall, 23,106 thick blood films were performed, of which 3,279 (14.2%) were positive for Plasmodium falciparum infection. During this five-year period, a reduction of 40% (95% CI 37-43%, p < 0.001) in the malaria-positive slides was detected. Distribution of positive-malaria slides showed a seasonal distribution with a peak from December to March (rainy season). An average annual reduction of 52% (95% CI 50-54%, p < 0.001) in the admissions due to malaria was observed. The overall fatality rate due to malaria was 8.3%, and no significant differences in the annual fatality rate were found (p = 0.553).

Conclusions: A reduction in the number of malaria cases and the number of admissions due to malaria has been observed at the Hospital Nossa Senhora da Paz, during the last five years, and incidence along the study period showed a seasonal distribution. All this information could be useful when deciding which malaria control strategies have to be implemented in this area.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus