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Hydrodynamic and kinetic study of a hybrid detoxification process with zero liquid discharge system in an industrial wastewater treatment.

Abid MF, Abdulrahman AA, Hamza NH - J Environ Health Sci Eng (2014)

Bottom Line: The analysis results confirmed that the water from the Hybrid-System could be safely recycled and reuse.It was found that the kinetics of dye degradation was first order with respect to dye concentration and could be well described by Langmuir-Hinshelwood model.A power-law based empirical correlation was developed for the photocatalysis system, related the dye degradation (R) with studied operating conditions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chemical Engineering Department, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq.

ABSTRACT
This work focused on the degradation of toxic organic compounds such as methyl violet dye (MV) in water, using a combined photocatalysis/low pressure reverse osmosis (LPRO) system. The performance of the hybrid system was investigated in terms of the degradation efficiency of MV, COD and membrane separation of TiO2. The aim of the present study was to design a novel solar reactor and analyze its performance for removal of MV from water with titanium dioxide as the photocatalyst. Various operating parameters were studied to investigate the behavior of the designed reactor like initial dye concentration (C = 10-50 mg/L), loading of catalyst (CTiO2 = 200-800 mg/L), suspension flow rate (QL = 0.3-1.5 L/min), pH of suspension (5-10), and H2O2 concentration (CH2O2 = 200-1000 mg/L). The operating parameters were optimized to give higher efficiency to the reactor performance. Optimum parameters of the photocatalysis process were loading of catalyst (400 mg/L), suspension flow rate (0.5 L/min), H2O2 concentration (400 mg/L), and pH = 5. The designed reactor when operating at optimum conditions offered a degradation of MV up to 0.9527 within one hours of operation time, while a conversion of 0.9995 was obtained in three hours. The effluent from the photocatalytic reactor was fed to a LPRO separation system which produced permeate of turbidity value of 0.09 NTU which is closed to that of drinking water (i.e., 0.08 NTU). The product water was analyzed using UV-spectrophotometer and FTIR. The analysis results confirmed that the water from the Hybrid-System could be safely recycled and reuse. It was found that the kinetics of dye degradation was first order with respect to dye concentration and could be well described by Langmuir-Hinshelwood model. A power-law based empirical correlation was developed for the photocatalysis system, related the dye degradation (R) with studied operating conditions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Linearization of Langmuir–Hinshelwood’s equation of MV dye (CTiO2 = 400 mg/L, CH2O2 = 500 mg/L, pH = 5, and QL= 0.5 L/min).
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Fig17: Linearization of Langmuir–Hinshelwood’s equation of MV dye (CTiO2 = 400 mg/L, CH2O2 = 500 mg/L, pH = 5, and QL= 0.5 L/min).

Mentions: This Equation can be rearranged into linear form:6\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $$ 1/{\mathrm{r}}_{\mathrm{o}}=\left(1/{\mathrm{k}}_{\mathrm{r}}\mathrm{K}\right).1/{\mathrm{C}}_{\mathrm{o}}+1/{\mathrm{k}}_{\mathrm{r}} $$ \end{document}1/ro=1/krK.1/Co+1/krwhere 1/ro and 1/Co are the dependent and independent variables, respectively, 1/kr is the intercept and (1/krK) is the slope of the straight line shown in Figure 17. The L-H adsorption constant and the rate constant were obtained using initial rate method [37] by plotting 1/ro versus 1/Co. The values of the adsorption equilibrium constant, K and the kinetic rate constant of surface reaction, kr were calculated. The graphical representation of equation (6) yields a straight line as shown in Figure 17 indicating a pseudo-first order reaction. The reaction rate constants kr for photocatalytic degradation of dye were evaluated from experimental data Figure 17 using a linear regression. The constants kr and K in Langmuir–Hinshelwood model were obtained as 0.791 mg/L. min and 0.0209 L/mg, respectively. The correlation coefficient R2 was equal to 0.9892 then equation (6) will becomeFigure 17


Hydrodynamic and kinetic study of a hybrid detoxification process with zero liquid discharge system in an industrial wastewater treatment.

Abid MF, Abdulrahman AA, Hamza NH - J Environ Health Sci Eng (2014)

Linearization of Langmuir–Hinshelwood’s equation of MV dye (CTiO2 = 400 mg/L, CH2O2 = 500 mg/L, pH = 5, and QL= 0.5 L/min).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4308886&req=5

Fig17: Linearization of Langmuir–Hinshelwood’s equation of MV dye (CTiO2 = 400 mg/L, CH2O2 = 500 mg/L, pH = 5, and QL= 0.5 L/min).
Mentions: This Equation can be rearranged into linear form:6\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $$ 1/{\mathrm{r}}_{\mathrm{o}}=\left(1/{\mathrm{k}}_{\mathrm{r}}\mathrm{K}\right).1/{\mathrm{C}}_{\mathrm{o}}+1/{\mathrm{k}}_{\mathrm{r}} $$ \end{document}1/ro=1/krK.1/Co+1/krwhere 1/ro and 1/Co are the dependent and independent variables, respectively, 1/kr is the intercept and (1/krK) is the slope of the straight line shown in Figure 17. The L-H adsorption constant and the rate constant were obtained using initial rate method [37] by plotting 1/ro versus 1/Co. The values of the adsorption equilibrium constant, K and the kinetic rate constant of surface reaction, kr were calculated. The graphical representation of equation (6) yields a straight line as shown in Figure 17 indicating a pseudo-first order reaction. The reaction rate constants kr for photocatalytic degradation of dye were evaluated from experimental data Figure 17 using a linear regression. The constants kr and K in Langmuir–Hinshelwood model were obtained as 0.791 mg/L. min and 0.0209 L/mg, respectively. The correlation coefficient R2 was equal to 0.9892 then equation (6) will becomeFigure 17

Bottom Line: The analysis results confirmed that the water from the Hybrid-System could be safely recycled and reuse.It was found that the kinetics of dye degradation was first order with respect to dye concentration and could be well described by Langmuir-Hinshelwood model.A power-law based empirical correlation was developed for the photocatalysis system, related the dye degradation (R) with studied operating conditions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chemical Engineering Department, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq.

ABSTRACT
This work focused on the degradation of toxic organic compounds such as methyl violet dye (MV) in water, using a combined photocatalysis/low pressure reverse osmosis (LPRO) system. The performance of the hybrid system was investigated in terms of the degradation efficiency of MV, COD and membrane separation of TiO2. The aim of the present study was to design a novel solar reactor and analyze its performance for removal of MV from water with titanium dioxide as the photocatalyst. Various operating parameters were studied to investigate the behavior of the designed reactor like initial dye concentration (C = 10-50 mg/L), loading of catalyst (CTiO2 = 200-800 mg/L), suspension flow rate (QL = 0.3-1.5 L/min), pH of suspension (5-10), and H2O2 concentration (CH2O2 = 200-1000 mg/L). The operating parameters were optimized to give higher efficiency to the reactor performance. Optimum parameters of the photocatalysis process were loading of catalyst (400 mg/L), suspension flow rate (0.5 L/min), H2O2 concentration (400 mg/L), and pH = 5. The designed reactor when operating at optimum conditions offered a degradation of MV up to 0.9527 within one hours of operation time, while a conversion of 0.9995 was obtained in three hours. The effluent from the photocatalytic reactor was fed to a LPRO separation system which produced permeate of turbidity value of 0.09 NTU which is closed to that of drinking water (i.e., 0.08 NTU). The product water was analyzed using UV-spectrophotometer and FTIR. The analysis results confirmed that the water from the Hybrid-System could be safely recycled and reuse. It was found that the kinetics of dye degradation was first order with respect to dye concentration and could be well described by Langmuir-Hinshelwood model. A power-law based empirical correlation was developed for the photocatalysis system, related the dye degradation (R) with studied operating conditions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus