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Polyester-based (bio)degradable polymers as environmentally friendly materials for sustainable development.

Rydz J, Sikorska W, Kyulavska M, Christova D - Int J Mol Sci (2014)

Bottom Line: This review focuses on the polyesters such as polylactide and polyhydroxyalkonoates, as well as polyamides produced from renewable resources, which are currently among the most promising (bio)degradable polymers.Synthetic pathways, favourable properties and utilisation (most important applications) of these attractive polymer families are outlined.Environmental impact and in particular (bio)degradation of aliphatic polyesters, polyamides and related copolymer structures are described in view of the potential applications in various fields.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Polymers, Acad. Georgi Bonchev St., Bl. 103A, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria. jrydz@polymer.bas.bg.

ABSTRACT
This review focuses on the polyesters such as polylactide and polyhydroxyalkonoates, as well as polyamides produced from renewable resources, which are currently among the most promising (bio)degradable polymers. Synthetic pathways, favourable properties and utilisation (most important applications) of these attractive polymer families are outlined. Environmental impact and in particular (bio)degradation of aliphatic polyesters, polyamides and related copolymer structures are described in view of the potential applications in various fields.

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Zoe B Beach Toys, Compostable Shopping Bag, based on Metabolix, Inc. [67].
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ijms-16-00564-f006: Zoe B Beach Toys, Compostable Shopping Bag, based on Metabolix, Inc. [67].

Mentions: Processing properties of natural poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate] are similar to those of petroleum-based polypropylene (PP.) [64]. VINNEX®, poly(vinyl acetate) based resins, enhances the physical properties of the material containing PHB, which significantly simplifies the processing. This, combined with the high heat resistance of PHB, allows the possible use of this material in applications such as hot filling [65]. Many practical applications in medicine, agriculture and in the food industry take advantage of the biodegradability of the PHAs, especially PHB and its copolymers with (R)-3-hydroxyvalerate (PHBV, Biopol®, Zeneca BioProducts) or with (R)-3-hydroxyhexanate (PHBH, Nodax™, P&G-Kaneka). Metabolix, Inc., an innovation-driven bioscience and engineering company, is developing and commercialising a family of high-performance PHA biopolymers targeted to the markets for performance additives, including film, toys, bags, etc. (Figure 6) [66].


Polyester-based (bio)degradable polymers as environmentally friendly materials for sustainable development.

Rydz J, Sikorska W, Kyulavska M, Christova D - Int J Mol Sci (2014)

Zoe B Beach Toys, Compostable Shopping Bag, based on Metabolix, Inc. [67].
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4307263&req=5

ijms-16-00564-f006: Zoe B Beach Toys, Compostable Shopping Bag, based on Metabolix, Inc. [67].
Mentions: Processing properties of natural poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate] are similar to those of petroleum-based polypropylene (PP.) [64]. VINNEX®, poly(vinyl acetate) based resins, enhances the physical properties of the material containing PHB, which significantly simplifies the processing. This, combined with the high heat resistance of PHB, allows the possible use of this material in applications such as hot filling [65]. Many practical applications in medicine, agriculture and in the food industry take advantage of the biodegradability of the PHAs, especially PHB and its copolymers with (R)-3-hydroxyvalerate (PHBV, Biopol®, Zeneca BioProducts) or with (R)-3-hydroxyhexanate (PHBH, Nodax™, P&G-Kaneka). Metabolix, Inc., an innovation-driven bioscience and engineering company, is developing and commercialising a family of high-performance PHA biopolymers targeted to the markets for performance additives, including film, toys, bags, etc. (Figure 6) [66].

Bottom Line: This review focuses on the polyesters such as polylactide and polyhydroxyalkonoates, as well as polyamides produced from renewable resources, which are currently among the most promising (bio)degradable polymers.Synthetic pathways, favourable properties and utilisation (most important applications) of these attractive polymer families are outlined.Environmental impact and in particular (bio)degradation of aliphatic polyesters, polyamides and related copolymer structures are described in view of the potential applications in various fields.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Polymers, Acad. Georgi Bonchev St., Bl. 103A, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria. jrydz@polymer.bas.bg.

ABSTRACT
This review focuses on the polyesters such as polylactide and polyhydroxyalkonoates, as well as polyamides produced from renewable resources, which are currently among the most promising (bio)degradable polymers. Synthetic pathways, favourable properties and utilisation (most important applications) of these attractive polymer families are outlined. Environmental impact and in particular (bio)degradation of aliphatic polyesters, polyamides and related copolymer structures are described in view of the potential applications in various fields.

Show MeSH