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Effects of different sera conditions on olfactory ensheathing cells in vitro.

Lu M, Dong J, Lu T, Lv H, Yang P, Cheng Z, Li J, Liang B, Xu J, Li H, He X - Int J Mol Sci (2014)

Bottom Line: Compared with FBS, RS reduced OEC proliferation in relation to OEC counts (χ2 = 166.279, df = 1, p < 0.01), the optical density (OD) value in the MTT assay (χ2 = 34.730, df = 1, p < 0.01), and NT-3 concentration in the supernatant (χ2 = 242.997, df = 1, p < 0.01).There was statistically significant difference in NT-3 gene expression among different groups when the serum concentration was 15% (χ2 = 64.347, df = 1, p < 0.01).In conclusion, different serum conditions may be responsible for the variations in OEC proliferation and function.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Second Department of Orthopedics, Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, 157 West Five Road, Xincheng District, Xi'an 710004, Shaanxi, China. lumeng6020@163.com.

ABSTRACT
Transplantation of olfactory ensheathing cells (OEC) is a promising therapy in spinal cord injury (SCI) treatment. However, the therapeutic efficacy of this method is unstable due to unknown reasons. Considering the alterations in the culture environment that occur during OEC preparation for transplantation, we hypothesize that these changes may cause variations in the curative effects of this method. In this study, we compared OEC cultured in medium containing different types and concentrations of serum. After purification and passage, the OEC were cultured for 7 days in different media containing 5%, 10%, 15% or 20% fetal bovine serum (FBS) or rat serum (RS), or the cells were cultured in FBS-containing medium first, followed by medium containing RS. In another group, the OEC were first cultured in 10% FBS for 3 days and then cultured with rat spinal cord explants with 10% RS for another 4 days. An MTT assay and P75 neurotrophin receptor immunofluorescence staining were used to examine cell viability and OEC numbers, respectively. The concentration of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), which is secreted by OEC into the culture supernatant, was detected using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RT-PCR was applied to investigate the NT-3 gene expression in OEC according to different groups. Compared with FBS, RS reduced OEC proliferation in relation to OEC counts (χ2 = 166.279, df = 1, p < 0.01), the optical density (OD) value in the MTT assay (χ2 = 34.730, df = 1, p < 0.01), and NT-3 concentration in the supernatant (χ2 = 242.997, df = 1, p < 0.01). OEC cultured with spinal cord explants secreted less NT-3 than OEC cultured alone (F = 9.611, df = 5.139, p < 0.01). Meanwhile, the order of application of different sera was not influential. There was statistically significant difference in NT-3 gene expression among different groups when the serum concentration was 15% (χ2 = 64.347, df = 1, p < 0.01). In conclusion, different serum conditions may be responsible for the variations in OEC proliferation and function.

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The concentration of NT-3 in the culture medium containing different concentrations of serum was detected by ELISA. There are eight kinds of medium: (1) DMEM/F12 with 5% fetal FBS; (2) DMEM/F12 with 10% FBS; (3) DMEM/F12 with 15% FBS; (4) DMEM/F12 with 20% FBS; (5) DMEM/F12 with 5% RS collected from adult male S-D rats; (6) DMEM/F12 with 10% RS; (7) DMEM/F12 with 15% RS; and (8) DMEM/F12 with 20% RS. The data was presented as mean ± SD.
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ijms-16-00420-f009: The concentration of NT-3 in the culture medium containing different concentrations of serum was detected by ELISA. There are eight kinds of medium: (1) DMEM/F12 with 5% fetal FBS; (2) DMEM/F12 with 10% FBS; (3) DMEM/F12 with 15% FBS; (4) DMEM/F12 with 20% FBS; (5) DMEM/F12 with 5% RS collected from adult male S-D rats; (6) DMEM/F12 with 10% RS; (7) DMEM/F12 with 15% RS; and (8) DMEM/F12 with 20% RS. The data was presented as mean ± SD.

Mentions: Considering that there is a low level of NT-3 in the blank control of serum (Figure 9), the RT-PCR was used to investigate the NT-3 gene expression in OEC. It is observed that when the serum concentration was 15%, the NT-3 gene expression in Group A was higher than other groups, in which RS is applied (Figure 8). Thus, it could be concluded that the switch of sera condition has a negative effect on the NT-3 gene expression in OEC in vitro.


Effects of different sera conditions on olfactory ensheathing cells in vitro.

Lu M, Dong J, Lu T, Lv H, Yang P, Cheng Z, Li J, Liang B, Xu J, Li H, He X - Int J Mol Sci (2014)

The concentration of NT-3 in the culture medium containing different concentrations of serum was detected by ELISA. There are eight kinds of medium: (1) DMEM/F12 with 5% fetal FBS; (2) DMEM/F12 with 10% FBS; (3) DMEM/F12 with 15% FBS; (4) DMEM/F12 with 20% FBS; (5) DMEM/F12 with 5% RS collected from adult male S-D rats; (6) DMEM/F12 with 10% RS; (7) DMEM/F12 with 15% RS; and (8) DMEM/F12 with 20% RS. The data was presented as mean ± SD.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4307254&req=5

ijms-16-00420-f009: The concentration of NT-3 in the culture medium containing different concentrations of serum was detected by ELISA. There are eight kinds of medium: (1) DMEM/F12 with 5% fetal FBS; (2) DMEM/F12 with 10% FBS; (3) DMEM/F12 with 15% FBS; (4) DMEM/F12 with 20% FBS; (5) DMEM/F12 with 5% RS collected from adult male S-D rats; (6) DMEM/F12 with 10% RS; (7) DMEM/F12 with 15% RS; and (8) DMEM/F12 with 20% RS. The data was presented as mean ± SD.
Mentions: Considering that there is a low level of NT-3 in the blank control of serum (Figure 9), the RT-PCR was used to investigate the NT-3 gene expression in OEC. It is observed that when the serum concentration was 15%, the NT-3 gene expression in Group A was higher than other groups, in which RS is applied (Figure 8). Thus, it could be concluded that the switch of sera condition has a negative effect on the NT-3 gene expression in OEC in vitro.

Bottom Line: Compared with FBS, RS reduced OEC proliferation in relation to OEC counts (χ2 = 166.279, df = 1, p < 0.01), the optical density (OD) value in the MTT assay (χ2 = 34.730, df = 1, p < 0.01), and NT-3 concentration in the supernatant (χ2 = 242.997, df = 1, p < 0.01).There was statistically significant difference in NT-3 gene expression among different groups when the serum concentration was 15% (χ2 = 64.347, df = 1, p < 0.01).In conclusion, different serum conditions may be responsible for the variations in OEC proliferation and function.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Second Department of Orthopedics, Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, 157 West Five Road, Xincheng District, Xi'an 710004, Shaanxi, China. lumeng6020@163.com.

ABSTRACT
Transplantation of olfactory ensheathing cells (OEC) is a promising therapy in spinal cord injury (SCI) treatment. However, the therapeutic efficacy of this method is unstable due to unknown reasons. Considering the alterations in the culture environment that occur during OEC preparation for transplantation, we hypothesize that these changes may cause variations in the curative effects of this method. In this study, we compared OEC cultured in medium containing different types and concentrations of serum. After purification and passage, the OEC were cultured for 7 days in different media containing 5%, 10%, 15% or 20% fetal bovine serum (FBS) or rat serum (RS), or the cells were cultured in FBS-containing medium first, followed by medium containing RS. In another group, the OEC were first cultured in 10% FBS for 3 days and then cultured with rat spinal cord explants with 10% RS for another 4 days. An MTT assay and P75 neurotrophin receptor immunofluorescence staining were used to examine cell viability and OEC numbers, respectively. The concentration of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), which is secreted by OEC into the culture supernatant, was detected using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RT-PCR was applied to investigate the NT-3 gene expression in OEC according to different groups. Compared with FBS, RS reduced OEC proliferation in relation to OEC counts (χ2 = 166.279, df = 1, p < 0.01), the optical density (OD) value in the MTT assay (χ2 = 34.730, df = 1, p < 0.01), and NT-3 concentration in the supernatant (χ2 = 242.997, df = 1, p < 0.01). OEC cultured with spinal cord explants secreted less NT-3 than OEC cultured alone (F = 9.611, df = 5.139, p < 0.01). Meanwhile, the order of application of different sera was not influential. There was statistically significant difference in NT-3 gene expression among different groups when the serum concentration was 15% (χ2 = 64.347, df = 1, p < 0.01). In conclusion, different serum conditions may be responsible for the variations in OEC proliferation and function.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus