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Diagnosis of Osteoarthritis by Cartilage Surface Smoothness Quantified Automatically from Knee MRI.

Tummala S, Bay-Jensen AC, Karsdal MA, Dam EB - Cartilage (2011)

Bottom Line: A total of 140 subjects concluded the 21-month study.The diagnostic smoothness markers performed at least similar to JSW and were superior to volume markers (e.g., the AUC for femoral smoothness of 0.80 was higher than the 0.57 for volume, P < 0.0001, and marginally higher than 0.73 for JSW, P = 0.25).Thereby, smoothness markers may allow detection and monitoring of OA-supplemented currently accepted markers.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: eScience Center, Department of Computer Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

ABSTRACT

Objective: We investigated whether surface smoothness of articular cartilage in the medial tibiofemoral compartment quantified from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could be appropriate as a diagnostic marker of osteoarthritis (OA).

Method: At baseline, 159 community-based subjects aged 21 to 81 with normal or OA-affected knees were recruited to provide a broad range of OA states. Smoothness was quantified using an automatic framework from low-field MRI in the tibial, femoral, and femoral subcompartments. Diagnostic ability of smoothness was evaluated by comparison with conventional OA markers, specifically cartilage volume from MRI, joint space width (JSW) from radiographs, and pain scores.

Results: A total of 140 subjects concluded the 21-month study. Cartilage smoothness provided diagnostic ability in all compartments (P < 0.0001). The diagnostic smoothness markers performed at least similar to JSW and were superior to volume markers (e.g., the AUC for femoral smoothness of 0.80 was higher than the 0.57 for volume, P < 0.0001, and marginally higher than 0.73 for JSW, P = 0.25). The smoothness markers allowed diagnostic detection of pain presence (P < 0.05) and showed some correlation with pain severity (e.g., r = -0.32). The longitudinal change in smoothness was correlated with cartilage loss (r up to 0.60, P < 0.0001 in all compartments).

Conclusions: This study demonstrated the potential of cartilage smoothness markers for diagnosis of moderate radiographic OA. Furthermore, correlations between smoothness and pain values and smoothness loss and cartilage loss supported a link to progression of OA. Thereby, smoothness markers may allow detection and monitoring of OA-supplemented currently accepted markers.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The medial tibiofemoral joint and the cartilage compartments visualized from a sample knee from the study. The compartments (and femoral subcompartments) were automatically segmented by the framework. The “interior” denotes the center of the knee.
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fig2-1947603510381097: The medial tibiofemoral joint and the cartilage compartments visualized from a sample knee from the study. The compartments (and femoral subcompartments) were automatically segmented by the framework. The “interior” denotes the center of the knee.

Mentions: We focused the analysis on the medial compartments because OA is typically observed there.26,27 The femoral compartment was divided into anterior, central, and posterior subcompartments. The femoral compartment was divided into subcompartments to examine if the load-bearing and nonload regions of the compartment had different diagnostic ability compared to the whole femoral compartment. The division was based on the anterior-posterior width of the femoral compartment, which was divided into three thirds. The first third was denoted as the posterior femoral subcompartment. The central femoral subcompartment included the area between the first to last third, and the last third was denoted as the anterior femoral subcompartment. The splitting of femoral cartilage into subcompartments was validated to be sensible and robust by visual inspection on several scans, including healthy and diseased. The medial tibiofemoral joint with the tibial compartment and femoral subcompartments is shown in Figure 2.


Diagnosis of Osteoarthritis by Cartilage Surface Smoothness Quantified Automatically from Knee MRI.

Tummala S, Bay-Jensen AC, Karsdal MA, Dam EB - Cartilage (2011)

The medial tibiofemoral joint and the cartilage compartments visualized from a sample knee from the study. The compartments (and femoral subcompartments) were automatically segmented by the framework. The “interior” denotes the center of the knee.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4300790&req=5

fig2-1947603510381097: The medial tibiofemoral joint and the cartilage compartments visualized from a sample knee from the study. The compartments (and femoral subcompartments) were automatically segmented by the framework. The “interior” denotes the center of the knee.
Mentions: We focused the analysis on the medial compartments because OA is typically observed there.26,27 The femoral compartment was divided into anterior, central, and posterior subcompartments. The femoral compartment was divided into subcompartments to examine if the load-bearing and nonload regions of the compartment had different diagnostic ability compared to the whole femoral compartment. The division was based on the anterior-posterior width of the femoral compartment, which was divided into three thirds. The first third was denoted as the posterior femoral subcompartment. The central femoral subcompartment included the area between the first to last third, and the last third was denoted as the anterior femoral subcompartment. The splitting of femoral cartilage into subcompartments was validated to be sensible and robust by visual inspection on several scans, including healthy and diseased. The medial tibiofemoral joint with the tibial compartment and femoral subcompartments is shown in Figure 2.

Bottom Line: A total of 140 subjects concluded the 21-month study.The diagnostic smoothness markers performed at least similar to JSW and were superior to volume markers (e.g., the AUC for femoral smoothness of 0.80 was higher than the 0.57 for volume, P < 0.0001, and marginally higher than 0.73 for JSW, P = 0.25).Thereby, smoothness markers may allow detection and monitoring of OA-supplemented currently accepted markers.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: eScience Center, Department of Computer Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

ABSTRACT

Objective: We investigated whether surface smoothness of articular cartilage in the medial tibiofemoral compartment quantified from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could be appropriate as a diagnostic marker of osteoarthritis (OA).

Method: At baseline, 159 community-based subjects aged 21 to 81 with normal or OA-affected knees were recruited to provide a broad range of OA states. Smoothness was quantified using an automatic framework from low-field MRI in the tibial, femoral, and femoral subcompartments. Diagnostic ability of smoothness was evaluated by comparison with conventional OA markers, specifically cartilage volume from MRI, joint space width (JSW) from radiographs, and pain scores.

Results: A total of 140 subjects concluded the 21-month study. Cartilage smoothness provided diagnostic ability in all compartments (P < 0.0001). The diagnostic smoothness markers performed at least similar to JSW and were superior to volume markers (e.g., the AUC for femoral smoothness of 0.80 was higher than the 0.57 for volume, P < 0.0001, and marginally higher than 0.73 for JSW, P = 0.25). The smoothness markers allowed diagnostic detection of pain presence (P < 0.05) and showed some correlation with pain severity (e.g., r = -0.32). The longitudinal change in smoothness was correlated with cartilage loss (r up to 0.60, P < 0.0001 in all compartments).

Conclusions: This study demonstrated the potential of cartilage smoothness markers for diagnosis of moderate radiographic OA. Furthermore, correlations between smoothness and pain values and smoothness loss and cartilage loss supported a link to progression of OA. Thereby, smoothness markers may allow detection and monitoring of OA-supplemented currently accepted markers.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus