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Fabrication and characterization of biodegradable polymeric films as a corneal stroma substitute.

Salehi S, Fathi M, Javanmard SH, Barneh F, Moshayedi M - Adv Biomed Res (2015)

Bottom Line: The present study reports the synthesis of PGS with molar ratios of 1:1, 2:3, and 3:2 of glycerol and sebacic acid via polycondensation reaction and tests the effect of PGS on human corneal epithelial (HCE) cells viability in vitro.The PGS prepared by 2:3 ratio as a molar ratio had the fastest and the 3:2 ratio had the lowest cross-linking rate because of the higher amount of sebacic acid.Results of the Alamarblue cytotoxicity test assay showed no deleterious effect on HCE cell viability and proliferation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Materials Engineering, Biomaterials Research Group, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Biodegradable elastomeric materials such as poly glycerol sebacate (PGS) have gained much current attention in the field of soft tissue engineering. The present study reports the synthesis of PGS with molar ratios of 1:1, 2:3, and 3:2 of glycerol and sebacic acid via polycondensation reaction and tests the effect of PGS on human corneal epithelial (HCE) cells viability in vitro.

Materials and methods: PGS films were prepared by the casting method. We tried to fabricate PGS with different compositions and various properties as being a viable alternative to the corneal stroma in cornea tissue engineering. The chemical properties of the prepared polymer were investigated by means of attenuated total reflectance - Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) analysis and the in vitro cytotoxicity was investigated by the Alamarblue method.

Results: The functional groups observed in the PGS FTIR spectrums of PGS with various molar ratios were the same. However, the main difference was the time of completing the cross-linking reaction. The PGS prepared by 2:3 ratio as a molar ratio had the fastest and the 3:2 ratio had the lowest cross-linking rate because of the higher amount of sebacic acid. Results of the Alamarblue cytotoxicity test assay showed no deleterious effect on HCE cell viability and proliferation.

Conclusions: PGS is a potentially good candidate material for corneal tissue engineering because of its lack of in vitro HCE cell toxicity.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Attenuated total refl ectance – Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy spectra of poly (glycerol sebacate) with different molar ratios
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Figure 1: Attenuated total refl ectance – Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy spectra of poly (glycerol sebacate) with different molar ratios

Mentions: Figure 1 shows the FTIR spectra of the PGS with three different molar ratios. All the compositions were almost accordant: The absorption at 2686 cm−1 belonged to the hydroxyl groups in carboxyl, the absorption at 1747 cm−1 corresponded to the ester carbonyl, C = O, and 1700 cm−1 to carboxyl; intense stretches at 1747 cm−1 and 1164 cm−1 were attributed to the formation of ester bonds (C = O and C−O, respectively).


Fabrication and characterization of biodegradable polymeric films as a corneal stroma substitute.

Salehi S, Fathi M, Javanmard SH, Barneh F, Moshayedi M - Adv Biomed Res (2015)

Attenuated total refl ectance – Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy spectra of poly (glycerol sebacate) with different molar ratios
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4300602&req=5

Figure 1: Attenuated total refl ectance – Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy spectra of poly (glycerol sebacate) with different molar ratios
Mentions: Figure 1 shows the FTIR spectra of the PGS with three different molar ratios. All the compositions were almost accordant: The absorption at 2686 cm−1 belonged to the hydroxyl groups in carboxyl, the absorption at 1747 cm−1 corresponded to the ester carbonyl, C = O, and 1700 cm−1 to carboxyl; intense stretches at 1747 cm−1 and 1164 cm−1 were attributed to the formation of ester bonds (C = O and C−O, respectively).

Bottom Line: The present study reports the synthesis of PGS with molar ratios of 1:1, 2:3, and 3:2 of glycerol and sebacic acid via polycondensation reaction and tests the effect of PGS on human corneal epithelial (HCE) cells viability in vitro.The PGS prepared by 2:3 ratio as a molar ratio had the fastest and the 3:2 ratio had the lowest cross-linking rate because of the higher amount of sebacic acid.Results of the Alamarblue cytotoxicity test assay showed no deleterious effect on HCE cell viability and proliferation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Materials Engineering, Biomaterials Research Group, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Biodegradable elastomeric materials such as poly glycerol sebacate (PGS) have gained much current attention in the field of soft tissue engineering. The present study reports the synthesis of PGS with molar ratios of 1:1, 2:3, and 3:2 of glycerol and sebacic acid via polycondensation reaction and tests the effect of PGS on human corneal epithelial (HCE) cells viability in vitro.

Materials and methods: PGS films were prepared by the casting method. We tried to fabricate PGS with different compositions and various properties as being a viable alternative to the corneal stroma in cornea tissue engineering. The chemical properties of the prepared polymer were investigated by means of attenuated total reflectance - Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) analysis and the in vitro cytotoxicity was investigated by the Alamarblue method.

Results: The functional groups observed in the PGS FTIR spectrums of PGS with various molar ratios were the same. However, the main difference was the time of completing the cross-linking reaction. The PGS prepared by 2:3 ratio as a molar ratio had the fastest and the 3:2 ratio had the lowest cross-linking rate because of the higher amount of sebacic acid. Results of the Alamarblue cytotoxicity test assay showed no deleterious effect on HCE cell viability and proliferation.

Conclusions: PGS is a potentially good candidate material for corneal tissue engineering because of its lack of in vitro HCE cell toxicity.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus