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Weight loss is not mandatory for exercise-induced effects on health indices in females with metabolic syndrome.

Farinha JB, Dos Santos DL, Bresciani G, Bard LF, de Mello F, Stefanello ST, Courtes AA, Soares F - Biol Sport (2015)

Bottom Line: Despite body weight maintenance, the patients presented decreases in waist circumference (P = 0.001), number of MS components (P = 0.014), total cholesterol (P = 0.049), HDL cholesterol (P = 0.004), LDL cholesterol (P = 0.027), myeloperoxidase activity (P = 0.002) and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances levels (P = 0.006).There were no differences in total energy, carbohydrate, protein and lipid intake pre- and post-training.Despite the absence of weight loss, aerobic training induced beneficial effects on functional, anthropometric, biochemical and HRQOL parameters in women with MS.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Métodos e Técnicas Desportivas, Centro de Eduçãgao Física e Desportos, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of moderate aerobic training on functional, anthropometric, biochemical, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) parameters on women with metabolic syndrome (MS). Fifteen untrained women with MS performed moderate aerobic training for 15 weeks, without modifications of dietary behaviours. Functional, anthropometric, biochemical, control diet record and HRQOL parameters were assessed before and after the training. Despite body weight maintenance, the patients presented decreases in waist circumference (P = 0.001), number of MS components (P = 0.014), total cholesterol (P = 0.049), HDL cholesterol (P = 0.004), LDL cholesterol (P = 0.027), myeloperoxidase activity (P = 0.002) and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances levels (P = 0.006). There were no differences in total energy, carbohydrate, protein and lipid intake pre- and post-training. Furthermore, improvements in the HRQOL subscales of physical functioning (P = 0.03), role-physical (P = 0.039), bodily pain (P = 0.048), general health (P = 0.046) and social functioning scoring (P = 0.011) were reported. Despite the absence of weight loss, aerobic training induced beneficial effects on functional, anthropometric, biochemical and HRQOL parameters in women with MS.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Cardiorespiratory test characteristics before and after AT in women with MS.Note: Heart rate (A), Borg scale (B) and time elapsed (C) along each lap of cardiorespiratory test.* P < 0.05 and **P < 0.01 for difference between before and after AT. Bpm: heart beats per minute. Borg Scale RPE: Borg rating of perceived exertion.
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Figure 0001: Cardiorespiratory test characteristics before and after AT in women with MS.Note: Heart rate (A), Borg scale (B) and time elapsed (C) along each lap of cardiorespiratory test.* P < 0.05 and **P < 0.01 for difference between before and after AT. Bpm: heart beats per minute. Borg Scale RPE: Borg rating of perceived exertion.

Mentions: There were no significant changes in the HR and perceived effort (Figure 1A and B) along the 4 laps of the cardiorespiratory test when compared to baseline values. However, the time elapsed between pre- and post-exercise training in the third and fourth laps was decreased (P = 0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively) (Figure 1C).


Weight loss is not mandatory for exercise-induced effects on health indices in females with metabolic syndrome.

Farinha JB, Dos Santos DL, Bresciani G, Bard LF, de Mello F, Stefanello ST, Courtes AA, Soares F - Biol Sport (2015)

Cardiorespiratory test characteristics before and after AT in women with MS.Note: Heart rate (A), Borg scale (B) and time elapsed (C) along each lap of cardiorespiratory test.* P < 0.05 and **P < 0.01 for difference between before and after AT. Bpm: heart beats per minute. Borg Scale RPE: Borg rating of perceived exertion.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4296212&req=5

Figure 0001: Cardiorespiratory test characteristics before and after AT in women with MS.Note: Heart rate (A), Borg scale (B) and time elapsed (C) along each lap of cardiorespiratory test.* P < 0.05 and **P < 0.01 for difference between before and after AT. Bpm: heart beats per minute. Borg Scale RPE: Borg rating of perceived exertion.
Mentions: There were no significant changes in the HR and perceived effort (Figure 1A and B) along the 4 laps of the cardiorespiratory test when compared to baseline values. However, the time elapsed between pre- and post-exercise training in the third and fourth laps was decreased (P = 0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively) (Figure 1C).

Bottom Line: Despite body weight maintenance, the patients presented decreases in waist circumference (P = 0.001), number of MS components (P = 0.014), total cholesterol (P = 0.049), HDL cholesterol (P = 0.004), LDL cholesterol (P = 0.027), myeloperoxidase activity (P = 0.002) and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances levels (P = 0.006).There were no differences in total energy, carbohydrate, protein and lipid intake pre- and post-training.Despite the absence of weight loss, aerobic training induced beneficial effects on functional, anthropometric, biochemical and HRQOL parameters in women with MS.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Métodos e Técnicas Desportivas, Centro de Eduçãgao Física e Desportos, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of moderate aerobic training on functional, anthropometric, biochemical, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) parameters on women with metabolic syndrome (MS). Fifteen untrained women with MS performed moderate aerobic training for 15 weeks, without modifications of dietary behaviours. Functional, anthropometric, biochemical, control diet record and HRQOL parameters were assessed before and after the training. Despite body weight maintenance, the patients presented decreases in waist circumference (P = 0.001), number of MS components (P = 0.014), total cholesterol (P = 0.049), HDL cholesterol (P = 0.004), LDL cholesterol (P = 0.027), myeloperoxidase activity (P = 0.002) and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances levels (P = 0.006). There were no differences in total energy, carbohydrate, protein and lipid intake pre- and post-training. Furthermore, improvements in the HRQOL subscales of physical functioning (P = 0.03), role-physical (P = 0.039), bodily pain (P = 0.048), general health (P = 0.046) and social functioning scoring (P = 0.011) were reported. Despite the absence of weight loss, aerobic training induced beneficial effects on functional, anthropometric, biochemical and HRQOL parameters in women with MS.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus