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Malaria situation in an endemic area, southeastern iran.

Fekri S, Vatandoost H, Daryanavard A, Shahi M, Safari R, Raeisi A, Omar AS, Sharif M, Azizi A, Ali AA, Nasser A, Hasaballah I, Hanafi-Bojd AA - J Arthropod Borne Dis (2013)

Bottom Line: The main causative parasitic agent was Plasmodium vivax.Blood examination rate and slide positive rate were also decreased from 39.5% and 4.3% in 2006 to 15.6% and 1.4% in 2010, respectively.The main reason for this may be due to changing environmental condition for Anopheline breeding and survival because of drought.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Malaria is an endemic infectious disease in southeastern parts of Iran. Despite years of efforts and intervention programs against malaria, transmission still occurs in Jask County.

Methods: The epidemiological perspective of malaria in Jask County was conducted by gathering data from Jask County health center, during 2006-2010. A knowledge, attitude and practice study was also carried out. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS ver. 11.5.

Results: A total of 2875 malaria cases were recorded, with highest and lowest numbers in 2007 and 2010, respectively. The number of cases had a decreasing trend from 1022 cases in 2006 to 114 cases in 2010. The main causative parasitic agent was Plasmodium vivax. Blood examination rate and slide positive rate were also decreased from 39.5% and 4.3% in 2006 to 15.6% and 1.4% in 2010, respectively. Most of people interviewed in the KAP study had a good knowledge about malaria transmission and symptoms but their use of the bed net for prevention was low (35%).

Conclusion: Malaria incidence had significant reduction during the study years. The main reason for this may be due to changing environmental condition for Anopheline breeding and survival because of drought. Another reason may be integration of vector management by using long lasting insecticide treated bed nets, active case detection and treatment by implementation of mobile teams and increasing in financial sources of malaria control program. Knowledge, attitude and practice of people were good in malaria control and prevention, but needs to do more activities for health education and awareness.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Average of malaria cases in relation to climatology parameters in Jask County, southeastern Iran, 2006–2010
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f3-jad-8-82: Average of malaria cases in relation to climatology parameters in Jask County, southeastern Iran, 2006–2010

Mentions: During April–May and October–November the temperature is between 25–30 °C with a relative humidity of more than 60% (Fig. 3), the suitable climatic factors for mosquito breeding and increasing longevity. Based on the unpublished reports of Jask health center, Anopheles stephensi and An. culicifacies seems to be the main vectors in the area. These species are active during the year due to favorite climatic conditions. There was no published entomological investigation in the Jask area for fauna, density, insecticide susceptibility and parasitic infection of Anopheline mosquitoes.


Malaria situation in an endemic area, southeastern iran.

Fekri S, Vatandoost H, Daryanavard A, Shahi M, Safari R, Raeisi A, Omar AS, Sharif M, Azizi A, Ali AA, Nasser A, Hasaballah I, Hanafi-Bojd AA - J Arthropod Borne Dis (2013)

Average of malaria cases in relation to climatology parameters in Jask County, southeastern Iran, 2006–2010
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4289514&req=5

f3-jad-8-82: Average of malaria cases in relation to climatology parameters in Jask County, southeastern Iran, 2006–2010
Mentions: During April–May and October–November the temperature is between 25–30 °C with a relative humidity of more than 60% (Fig. 3), the suitable climatic factors for mosquito breeding and increasing longevity. Based on the unpublished reports of Jask health center, Anopheles stephensi and An. culicifacies seems to be the main vectors in the area. These species are active during the year due to favorite climatic conditions. There was no published entomological investigation in the Jask area for fauna, density, insecticide susceptibility and parasitic infection of Anopheline mosquitoes.

Bottom Line: The main causative parasitic agent was Plasmodium vivax.Blood examination rate and slide positive rate were also decreased from 39.5% and 4.3% in 2006 to 15.6% and 1.4% in 2010, respectively.The main reason for this may be due to changing environmental condition for Anopheline breeding and survival because of drought.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Malaria is an endemic infectious disease in southeastern parts of Iran. Despite years of efforts and intervention programs against malaria, transmission still occurs in Jask County.

Methods: The epidemiological perspective of malaria in Jask County was conducted by gathering data from Jask County health center, during 2006-2010. A knowledge, attitude and practice study was also carried out. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS ver. 11.5.

Results: A total of 2875 malaria cases were recorded, with highest and lowest numbers in 2007 and 2010, respectively. The number of cases had a decreasing trend from 1022 cases in 2006 to 114 cases in 2010. The main causative parasitic agent was Plasmodium vivax. Blood examination rate and slide positive rate were also decreased from 39.5% and 4.3% in 2006 to 15.6% and 1.4% in 2010, respectively. Most of people interviewed in the KAP study had a good knowledge about malaria transmission and symptoms but their use of the bed net for prevention was low (35%).

Conclusion: Malaria incidence had significant reduction during the study years. The main reason for this may be due to changing environmental condition for Anopheline breeding and survival because of drought. Another reason may be integration of vector management by using long lasting insecticide treated bed nets, active case detection and treatment by implementation of mobile teams and increasing in financial sources of malaria control program. Knowledge, attitude and practice of people were good in malaria control and prevention, but needs to do more activities for health education and awareness.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus