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Malaria situation in an endemic area, southeastern iran.

Fekri S, Vatandoost H, Daryanavard A, Shahi M, Safari R, Raeisi A, Omar AS, Sharif M, Azizi A, Ali AA, Nasser A, Hasaballah I, Hanafi-Bojd AA - J Arthropod Borne Dis (2013)

Bottom Line: The main causative parasitic agent was Plasmodium vivax.Blood examination rate and slide positive rate were also decreased from 39.5% and 4.3% in 2006 to 15.6% and 1.4% in 2010, respectively.The main reason for this may be due to changing environmental condition for Anopheline breeding and survival because of drought.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Malaria is an endemic infectious disease in southeastern parts of Iran. Despite years of efforts and intervention programs against malaria, transmission still occurs in Jask County.

Methods: The epidemiological perspective of malaria in Jask County was conducted by gathering data from Jask County health center, during 2006-2010. A knowledge, attitude and practice study was also carried out. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS ver. 11.5.

Results: A total of 2875 malaria cases were recorded, with highest and lowest numbers in 2007 and 2010, respectively. The number of cases had a decreasing trend from 1022 cases in 2006 to 114 cases in 2010. The main causative parasitic agent was Plasmodium vivax. Blood examination rate and slide positive rate were also decreased from 39.5% and 4.3% in 2006 to 15.6% and 1.4% in 2010, respectively. Most of people interviewed in the KAP study had a good knowledge about malaria transmission and symptoms but their use of the bed net for prevention was low (35%).

Conclusion: Malaria incidence had significant reduction during the study years. The main reason for this may be due to changing environmental condition for Anopheline breeding and survival because of drought. Another reason may be integration of vector management by using long lasting insecticide treated bed nets, active case detection and treatment by implementation of mobile teams and increasing in financial sources of malaria control program. Knowledge, attitude and practice of people were good in malaria control and prevention, but needs to do more activities for health education and awareness.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Malaria distribution map, Jask County, 2006–2010
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f2-jad-8-82: Malaria distribution map, Jask County, 2006–2010

Mentions: A total of 2875 malaria cases were recorded and treated during the study period (Fig. 2). Plasmodium vivax is the main malaria parasite (94.92%) in the County followed by P. falciparum (5.08%). Average of malaria morbidity in months of the years during the study period showed two peaks in May and November, respectively. The maximum and minimum of Annual Parasitic Index (API) were observed in 2006 (22.1) and 2010 (2.1), respectively (Table 1). Most of cases were reported to be autochthonous during 2006–2009, while in 2010 the imported cases were higher. Blood Examination Rate (BER) has increased to 2007 and then collapsed, but Slide Positive Rate has a decreasing trend during the study period, although it shows a peak in 2008 (Table 1). Autochthonous cases of malaria have decreased during the study period, while the imported cases had an increasing trend (Table 1). Figure 2 shows the distribution of malaria cases based on rural districts of the Jask County during the study period.


Malaria situation in an endemic area, southeastern iran.

Fekri S, Vatandoost H, Daryanavard A, Shahi M, Safari R, Raeisi A, Omar AS, Sharif M, Azizi A, Ali AA, Nasser A, Hasaballah I, Hanafi-Bojd AA - J Arthropod Borne Dis (2013)

Malaria distribution map, Jask County, 2006–2010
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4289514&req=5

f2-jad-8-82: Malaria distribution map, Jask County, 2006–2010
Mentions: A total of 2875 malaria cases were recorded and treated during the study period (Fig. 2). Plasmodium vivax is the main malaria parasite (94.92%) in the County followed by P. falciparum (5.08%). Average of malaria morbidity in months of the years during the study period showed two peaks in May and November, respectively. The maximum and minimum of Annual Parasitic Index (API) were observed in 2006 (22.1) and 2010 (2.1), respectively (Table 1). Most of cases were reported to be autochthonous during 2006–2009, while in 2010 the imported cases were higher. Blood Examination Rate (BER) has increased to 2007 and then collapsed, but Slide Positive Rate has a decreasing trend during the study period, although it shows a peak in 2008 (Table 1). Autochthonous cases of malaria have decreased during the study period, while the imported cases had an increasing trend (Table 1). Figure 2 shows the distribution of malaria cases based on rural districts of the Jask County during the study period.

Bottom Line: The main causative parasitic agent was Plasmodium vivax.Blood examination rate and slide positive rate were also decreased from 39.5% and 4.3% in 2006 to 15.6% and 1.4% in 2010, respectively.The main reason for this may be due to changing environmental condition for Anopheline breeding and survival because of drought.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Malaria is an endemic infectious disease in southeastern parts of Iran. Despite years of efforts and intervention programs against malaria, transmission still occurs in Jask County.

Methods: The epidemiological perspective of malaria in Jask County was conducted by gathering data from Jask County health center, during 2006-2010. A knowledge, attitude and practice study was also carried out. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS ver. 11.5.

Results: A total of 2875 malaria cases were recorded, with highest and lowest numbers in 2007 and 2010, respectively. The number of cases had a decreasing trend from 1022 cases in 2006 to 114 cases in 2010. The main causative parasitic agent was Plasmodium vivax. Blood examination rate and slide positive rate were also decreased from 39.5% and 4.3% in 2006 to 15.6% and 1.4% in 2010, respectively. Most of people interviewed in the KAP study had a good knowledge about malaria transmission and symptoms but their use of the bed net for prevention was low (35%).

Conclusion: Malaria incidence had significant reduction during the study years. The main reason for this may be due to changing environmental condition for Anopheline breeding and survival because of drought. Another reason may be integration of vector management by using long lasting insecticide treated bed nets, active case detection and treatment by implementation of mobile teams and increasing in financial sources of malaria control program. Knowledge, attitude and practice of people were good in malaria control and prevention, but needs to do more activities for health education and awareness.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus