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Malaria situation in an endemic area, southeastern iran.

Fekri S, Vatandoost H, Daryanavard A, Shahi M, Safari R, Raeisi A, Omar AS, Sharif M, Azizi A, Ali AA, Nasser A, Hasaballah I, Hanafi-Bojd AA - J Arthropod Borne Dis (2013)

Bottom Line: The main causative parasitic agent was Plasmodium vivax.Blood examination rate and slide positive rate were also decreased from 39.5% and 4.3% in 2006 to 15.6% and 1.4% in 2010, respectively.The main reason for this may be due to changing environmental condition for Anopheline breeding and survival because of drought.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Malaria is an endemic infectious disease in southeastern parts of Iran. Despite years of efforts and intervention programs against malaria, transmission still occurs in Jask County.

Methods: The epidemiological perspective of malaria in Jask County was conducted by gathering data from Jask County health center, during 2006-2010. A knowledge, attitude and practice study was also carried out. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS ver. 11.5.

Results: A total of 2875 malaria cases were recorded, with highest and lowest numbers in 2007 and 2010, respectively. The number of cases had a decreasing trend from 1022 cases in 2006 to 114 cases in 2010. The main causative parasitic agent was Plasmodium vivax. Blood examination rate and slide positive rate were also decreased from 39.5% and 4.3% in 2006 to 15.6% and 1.4% in 2010, respectively. Most of people interviewed in the KAP study had a good knowledge about malaria transmission and symptoms but their use of the bed net for prevention was low (35%).

Conclusion: Malaria incidence had significant reduction during the study years. The main reason for this may be due to changing environmental condition for Anopheline breeding and survival because of drought. Another reason may be integration of vector management by using long lasting insecticide treated bed nets, active case detection and treatment by implementation of mobile teams and increasing in financial sources of malaria control program. Knowledge, attitude and practice of people were good in malaria control and prevention, but needs to do more activities for health education and awareness.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Location of Jask County in Iran
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f1-jad-8-82: Location of Jask County in Iran

Mentions: Jask County (25° 64’ N, 57° 77’ E) is a sea port located in South-Eastern corner of Iran adjacent to the Oman Sea, with a surface area of 16063 km2 (Fig. 1). Total population of the County is 50070 (74% are living in rural areas). There are scattered inhabitants and their occupation is mainly fishing and trade.


Malaria situation in an endemic area, southeastern iran.

Fekri S, Vatandoost H, Daryanavard A, Shahi M, Safari R, Raeisi A, Omar AS, Sharif M, Azizi A, Ali AA, Nasser A, Hasaballah I, Hanafi-Bojd AA - J Arthropod Borne Dis (2013)

Location of Jask County in Iran
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4289514&req=5

f1-jad-8-82: Location of Jask County in Iran
Mentions: Jask County (25° 64’ N, 57° 77’ E) is a sea port located in South-Eastern corner of Iran adjacent to the Oman Sea, with a surface area of 16063 km2 (Fig. 1). Total population of the County is 50070 (74% are living in rural areas). There are scattered inhabitants and their occupation is mainly fishing and trade.

Bottom Line: The main causative parasitic agent was Plasmodium vivax.Blood examination rate and slide positive rate were also decreased from 39.5% and 4.3% in 2006 to 15.6% and 1.4% in 2010, respectively.The main reason for this may be due to changing environmental condition for Anopheline breeding and survival because of drought.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Malaria is an endemic infectious disease in southeastern parts of Iran. Despite years of efforts and intervention programs against malaria, transmission still occurs in Jask County.

Methods: The epidemiological perspective of malaria in Jask County was conducted by gathering data from Jask County health center, during 2006-2010. A knowledge, attitude and practice study was also carried out. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS ver. 11.5.

Results: A total of 2875 malaria cases were recorded, with highest and lowest numbers in 2007 and 2010, respectively. The number of cases had a decreasing trend from 1022 cases in 2006 to 114 cases in 2010. The main causative parasitic agent was Plasmodium vivax. Blood examination rate and slide positive rate were also decreased from 39.5% and 4.3% in 2006 to 15.6% and 1.4% in 2010, respectively. Most of people interviewed in the KAP study had a good knowledge about malaria transmission and symptoms but their use of the bed net for prevention was low (35%).

Conclusion: Malaria incidence had significant reduction during the study years. The main reason for this may be due to changing environmental condition for Anopheline breeding and survival because of drought. Another reason may be integration of vector management by using long lasting insecticide treated bed nets, active case detection and treatment by implementation of mobile teams and increasing in financial sources of malaria control program. Knowledge, attitude and practice of people were good in malaria control and prevention, but needs to do more activities for health education and awareness.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus