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Hard Tick Species of Livestock and their Bioecology in Golestan Province, North of Iran.

Sofizadeh A, Telmadarraiy Z, Rahnama A, Gorganli-Davaji A, Hosseini-Chegeni A - J Arthropod Borne Dis (2013)

Bottom Line: Rhipicephalus sanguineus was the most abundant species in the study area.Haemaphysalis, Hyalomma, Rhipicephalus and Boophilus occurred in mountainous, forest and plateau areas of Golestan Province but Ixodes occurred only in mountainous and forest areas, whereas Rhipicephalus and Hyalomma were present in coastal areas of Golestan Province.The result of this study is a survey on tick species from domestic animals in Iran and implication of possible prevention measures for diseases transmitted by ticks.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Infectious Diseases Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: A survey on tick species composition was carried out in Golestan Province Iran during year 2010-2011.The aim was to determine tick species parasitizing domestic ruminants and their seasonal population dynamics.

Methods: A total of 124 sheep, 92 goats, 84 cattle, 74 camels and 12 horses in several villages were inspected for tick infestation. The collected ticks preserved in 70% alcohol and then were identified.

Results: The overall 1059 ticks (453 female, 606 male) were collected. The ticks occur on sheep, goats, cattle, camels and horses as 72.1%, 77.3%, 75.8%, 69.3%, and 50% respectively. The frequency of ticks in spring was more than other seasons and the least was observed in winter. In the spring and summer, infestation rate in domestic ruminants were calculated as 100%. Six genus and fourteen hard and soft tick species were identified including Rhipicephalus sanguineus, R. bursa, Ixodes ricinus, Haemaphysalis punctata, H. sulcata, H. erinacei, H. inermis, Hyalomma marginatum, Hy. asiaticum, Hy. dromedarii, Hy. excavatum, Hy. anatolicum, Hy. detritum, Boophilus annulatus and Argas persicus. Rhipicephalus sanguineus was the most abundant species in the study area. The largest number of ticks was collected from animal ears and tails. Haemaphysalis, Hyalomma, Rhipicephalus and Boophilus occurred in mountainous, forest and plateau areas of Golestan Province but Ixodes occurred only in mountainous and forest areas, whereas Rhipicephalus and Hyalomma were present in coastal areas of Golestan Province.

Conclusion: The result of this study is a survey on tick species from domestic animals in Iran and implication of possible prevention measures for diseases transmitted by ticks.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Topological preference of hard ticks collected in Golestan Province (the number of specimens presented between two parenthesis)
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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f1-jad-8-108: Topological preference of hard ticks collected in Golestan Province (the number of specimens presented between two parenthesis)

Mentions: During the study period among several villages the total number of 1009 ticks were collected and identified, the occurrence of ticks on sheep, goats, cattle, camels and horses were 72.1%, 77.3%, 75.8%, 69.3%, 50% respectively. Table 1 show the number of hard tick species in whole study area. The frequency of ticks in spring was more than other seasons and the least was observed in winter. In the spring and summer infestation rate of domestic ruminants was higher than 90% and in autumn and winter was lower than 25%. The mean number of ticks on each animal was high in spring and summer (40–50 ticks per animal) and was low in autumn and winter (3–5 ticks per animal), so the largest number of ticks were collected from animal ears and tails. Fifteen species of ticks were identified based on the morphological characteristics which comprise Rhipicephalus sanguineus, R. bursa, Ixodes ricinus, Haemaphysalis punctata, H. sulcata, H. erinacei, H. inermis, Hyalomma marginatum, Hy. asiaticum, Hy. excavatum, Hy. anatolicum, Hy. dromedarii, Hy. detritum, B. anulatus and Argas persicus was collected in nests of hen and domestic ruminants. Out of 1059 collected ticks from animal, a significant number of 593 R. sanguineus were identified. This species stands out as being the most prevalent tick species comprising 56% of the all ticks collected from domestic ruminants in Golestan Province. The tick species prevalence is shown in Table 1. Latter species was the most abundant tick in both mountainous areas and the coastal plains, as well as Hy. anatolicum in the plateau areas. Whereas I. ricinus, R. bursa, B. annulatus and H. inermis occurred in mountainous areas and Hy. dromedarii, Hy. asiaticum, Hy. excavatum and Hy. detritum occurred in plateau areas only. The species diversity of hard ticks in plateau areas was more than other areas (Fig. 1). The tick species diversity on sheep is highest from the other hosts (Table 2).


Hard Tick Species of Livestock and their Bioecology in Golestan Province, North of Iran.

Sofizadeh A, Telmadarraiy Z, Rahnama A, Gorganli-Davaji A, Hosseini-Chegeni A - J Arthropod Borne Dis (2013)

Topological preference of hard ticks collected in Golestan Province (the number of specimens presented between two parenthesis)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4289505&req=5

f1-jad-8-108: Topological preference of hard ticks collected in Golestan Province (the number of specimens presented between two parenthesis)
Mentions: During the study period among several villages the total number of 1009 ticks were collected and identified, the occurrence of ticks on sheep, goats, cattle, camels and horses were 72.1%, 77.3%, 75.8%, 69.3%, 50% respectively. Table 1 show the number of hard tick species in whole study area. The frequency of ticks in spring was more than other seasons and the least was observed in winter. In the spring and summer infestation rate of domestic ruminants was higher than 90% and in autumn and winter was lower than 25%. The mean number of ticks on each animal was high in spring and summer (40–50 ticks per animal) and was low in autumn and winter (3–5 ticks per animal), so the largest number of ticks were collected from animal ears and tails. Fifteen species of ticks were identified based on the morphological characteristics which comprise Rhipicephalus sanguineus, R. bursa, Ixodes ricinus, Haemaphysalis punctata, H. sulcata, H. erinacei, H. inermis, Hyalomma marginatum, Hy. asiaticum, Hy. excavatum, Hy. anatolicum, Hy. dromedarii, Hy. detritum, B. anulatus and Argas persicus was collected in nests of hen and domestic ruminants. Out of 1059 collected ticks from animal, a significant number of 593 R. sanguineus were identified. This species stands out as being the most prevalent tick species comprising 56% of the all ticks collected from domestic ruminants in Golestan Province. The tick species prevalence is shown in Table 1. Latter species was the most abundant tick in both mountainous areas and the coastal plains, as well as Hy. anatolicum in the plateau areas. Whereas I. ricinus, R. bursa, B. annulatus and H. inermis occurred in mountainous areas and Hy. dromedarii, Hy. asiaticum, Hy. excavatum and Hy. detritum occurred in plateau areas only. The species diversity of hard ticks in plateau areas was more than other areas (Fig. 1). The tick species diversity on sheep is highest from the other hosts (Table 2).

Bottom Line: Rhipicephalus sanguineus was the most abundant species in the study area.Haemaphysalis, Hyalomma, Rhipicephalus and Boophilus occurred in mountainous, forest and plateau areas of Golestan Province but Ixodes occurred only in mountainous and forest areas, whereas Rhipicephalus and Hyalomma were present in coastal areas of Golestan Province.The result of this study is a survey on tick species from domestic animals in Iran and implication of possible prevention measures for diseases transmitted by ticks.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Infectious Diseases Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: A survey on tick species composition was carried out in Golestan Province Iran during year 2010-2011.The aim was to determine tick species parasitizing domestic ruminants and their seasonal population dynamics.

Methods: A total of 124 sheep, 92 goats, 84 cattle, 74 camels and 12 horses in several villages were inspected for tick infestation. The collected ticks preserved in 70% alcohol and then were identified.

Results: The overall 1059 ticks (453 female, 606 male) were collected. The ticks occur on sheep, goats, cattle, camels and horses as 72.1%, 77.3%, 75.8%, 69.3%, and 50% respectively. The frequency of ticks in spring was more than other seasons and the least was observed in winter. In the spring and summer, infestation rate in domestic ruminants were calculated as 100%. Six genus and fourteen hard and soft tick species were identified including Rhipicephalus sanguineus, R. bursa, Ixodes ricinus, Haemaphysalis punctata, H. sulcata, H. erinacei, H. inermis, Hyalomma marginatum, Hy. asiaticum, Hy. dromedarii, Hy. excavatum, Hy. anatolicum, Hy. detritum, Boophilus annulatus and Argas persicus. Rhipicephalus sanguineus was the most abundant species in the study area. The largest number of ticks was collected from animal ears and tails. Haemaphysalis, Hyalomma, Rhipicephalus and Boophilus occurred in mountainous, forest and plateau areas of Golestan Province but Ixodes occurred only in mountainous and forest areas, whereas Rhipicephalus and Hyalomma were present in coastal areas of Golestan Province.

Conclusion: The result of this study is a survey on tick species from domestic animals in Iran and implication of possible prevention measures for diseases transmitted by ticks.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus