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A two year national surveillance for Aethina tumida reflects its absence in Spain.

Cepero A, Higes M, Martínez-Salvador A, Meana A, Martín-Hernández R - BMC Res Notes (2014)

Bottom Line: Indeed, it has been recently reported an outbreak in the south of Italy.The SHB free-status is shown.This epidemiological surveillance would appear to be useful to detect the possible future entry of this pathogen.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centro Apícola de Marchamalo, Consejería de Agricultura, Castilla-La Mancha, Camino de San Martín s/n, 19180 Guadalajara, Spain. rmhernandez@jccm.es.

ABSTRACT

Background: The Small Hive Beetle (SHB) is considered one of the major threats to the long-term sustainability and economic success of honey bee colonies in Europe. The risk of introduction into the EU had been reported as moderate to high. Indeed, it has been recently reported an outbreak in the south of Italy. Here, the presence of Aethina tumida in beekeeping farms in Spain was evaluated using a previously described qPCR protocol.

Findings: When hive debris from 398 colonies (collected in 2010 and 2011) was analysed, grouped by region, SHB were not detected in any of the samples, making it unnecessary to analyse the samples individually.

Conclusion: The SHB free-status is shown. This epidemiological surveillance would appear to be useful to detect the possible future entry of this pathogen.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of the hive debris samples received in 2010 and 2011. Samples were grouped according to the region of origin for analysis.
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Fig1: Distribution of the hive debris samples received in 2010 and 2011. Samples were grouped according to the region of origin for analysis.

Mentions: The monitoring study was carried out during 2010 and 2011. This program involved active and passive samplings and it was designed to determine the prevalence of most honey bee pathogens and of pesticides around the country. Consequently, the number of colonies to be sampled was calculated according to the number of apiaries registered in 2009 [10], with an expected prevalence of the main honey bee pathogens of around 40%, a precision rate of 10% and a confidence level of 95% as developed in a previous study [11]. Samples were then studied in accordance with the number of apiaries in each region, from which colonies were selected at random (Figure 1).Figure 1


A two year national surveillance for Aethina tumida reflects its absence in Spain.

Cepero A, Higes M, Martínez-Salvador A, Meana A, Martín-Hernández R - BMC Res Notes (2014)

Distribution of the hive debris samples received in 2010 and 2011. Samples were grouped according to the region of origin for analysis.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4289331&req=5

Fig1: Distribution of the hive debris samples received in 2010 and 2011. Samples were grouped according to the region of origin for analysis.
Mentions: The monitoring study was carried out during 2010 and 2011. This program involved active and passive samplings and it was designed to determine the prevalence of most honey bee pathogens and of pesticides around the country. Consequently, the number of colonies to be sampled was calculated according to the number of apiaries registered in 2009 [10], with an expected prevalence of the main honey bee pathogens of around 40%, a precision rate of 10% and a confidence level of 95% as developed in a previous study [11]. Samples were then studied in accordance with the number of apiaries in each region, from which colonies were selected at random (Figure 1).Figure 1

Bottom Line: Indeed, it has been recently reported an outbreak in the south of Italy.The SHB free-status is shown.This epidemiological surveillance would appear to be useful to detect the possible future entry of this pathogen.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centro Apícola de Marchamalo, Consejería de Agricultura, Castilla-La Mancha, Camino de San Martín s/n, 19180 Guadalajara, Spain. rmhernandez@jccm.es.

ABSTRACT

Background: The Small Hive Beetle (SHB) is considered one of the major threats to the long-term sustainability and economic success of honey bee colonies in Europe. The risk of introduction into the EU had been reported as moderate to high. Indeed, it has been recently reported an outbreak in the south of Italy. Here, the presence of Aethina tumida in beekeeping farms in Spain was evaluated using a previously described qPCR protocol.

Findings: When hive debris from 398 colonies (collected in 2010 and 2011) was analysed, grouped by region, SHB were not detected in any of the samples, making it unnecessary to analyse the samples individually.

Conclusion: The SHB free-status is shown. This epidemiological surveillance would appear to be useful to detect the possible future entry of this pathogen.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus