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Khat chewing among Ethiopian University Students--a growing concern.

Gebrehanna E, Berhane Y, Worku A - BMC Public Health (2014)

Bottom Line: Khat has amphetamine like effect.It has various negative physical, mental, social and cognitive effects.Poor academic performance has been associated with khat.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. gewenat@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: Khat has amphetamine like effect. Students chew khat to stay alert. It has various negative physical, mental, social and cognitive effects. Poor academic performance has been associated with khat. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and identify factors associated with khat chewing among Ethiopian University students.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on Bahir Dar University Students. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 3268 students. Proportion was calculated to estimate prevalence of khat chewing. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with khat chewing.

Results: Lifetime prevalence of khat chewing was 24% (95% Confidence Interval: 22.5%, 26.6%). Half of these are current khat users with a prevalence of 12.7% (95% Confidence Interval: 11.5%, 13.9%). Male students Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 3.3 (95% Confidence Interval: 1.8, 6.0), students living in off campus housing AOR = 3.0 (95% Confidence Interval: 1.5, 6.0), students who have khat user friends AOR = 4.2 (95% Confidence Interval: 2.6, 6.9), and students who perceive khat use improves academic performance AOR = 6.6 (95% Confidence Interval: 4.6, 9.5) are more likely to use khat.

Conclusions: Prevalence of current use of khat reported in this study is higher than recent study done on university students in Ethiopia and heavily influenced with peer practice.

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Prevalence of khat chewing across different reference time by sex among Bahir Dar University Students, June 2012.
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Fig1: Prevalence of khat chewing across different reference time by sex among Bahir Dar University Students, June 2012.

Mentions: A total of 3,872 students were invited to participate in the study and of which 3,268 completed and returned the self-administered questionnaire. Of those, 3,001 questionnaires were completely filled and included for analysis in this paper. Thus, the overall response rate was 77.5%. The majority of respondent were male (77.6%), Orthodox Christians (81.8%), living on campus (96.1%) (Table 1).The overall prevalence of lifetime khat use is 24.0% (95% CI: 22.5%, 25.6%). Current use of khat is reported by 12.7% (95% CI: 11.5%-13.9%) of students. The prevalence of habitual khat use is reported by 4.8% (95% CI: 4.0%, 5.6%). Khat chewing occurs more frequently among male students than females in all categories (Figure 1).Table 1


Khat chewing among Ethiopian University Students--a growing concern.

Gebrehanna E, Berhane Y, Worku A - BMC Public Health (2014)

Prevalence of khat chewing across different reference time by sex among Bahir Dar University Students, June 2012.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4289285&req=5

Fig1: Prevalence of khat chewing across different reference time by sex among Bahir Dar University Students, June 2012.
Mentions: A total of 3,872 students were invited to participate in the study and of which 3,268 completed and returned the self-administered questionnaire. Of those, 3,001 questionnaires were completely filled and included for analysis in this paper. Thus, the overall response rate was 77.5%. The majority of respondent were male (77.6%), Orthodox Christians (81.8%), living on campus (96.1%) (Table 1).The overall prevalence of lifetime khat use is 24.0% (95% CI: 22.5%, 25.6%). Current use of khat is reported by 12.7% (95% CI: 11.5%-13.9%) of students. The prevalence of habitual khat use is reported by 4.8% (95% CI: 4.0%, 5.6%). Khat chewing occurs more frequently among male students than females in all categories (Figure 1).Table 1

Bottom Line: Khat has amphetamine like effect.It has various negative physical, mental, social and cognitive effects.Poor academic performance has been associated with khat.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. gewenat@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: Khat has amphetamine like effect. Students chew khat to stay alert. It has various negative physical, mental, social and cognitive effects. Poor academic performance has been associated with khat. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and identify factors associated with khat chewing among Ethiopian University students.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on Bahir Dar University Students. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 3268 students. Proportion was calculated to estimate prevalence of khat chewing. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with khat chewing.

Results: Lifetime prevalence of khat chewing was 24% (95% Confidence Interval: 22.5%, 26.6%). Half of these are current khat users with a prevalence of 12.7% (95% Confidence Interval: 11.5%, 13.9%). Male students Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 3.3 (95% Confidence Interval: 1.8, 6.0), students living in off campus housing AOR = 3.0 (95% Confidence Interval: 1.5, 6.0), students who have khat user friends AOR = 4.2 (95% Confidence Interval: 2.6, 6.9), and students who perceive khat use improves academic performance AOR = 6.6 (95% Confidence Interval: 4.6, 9.5) are more likely to use khat.

Conclusions: Prevalence of current use of khat reported in this study is higher than recent study done on university students in Ethiopia and heavily influenced with peer practice.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus