Limits...
Mapping bundles of ecosystem services reveals distinct types of multifunctionality within a Swedish landscape.

Queiroz C, Meacham M, Richter K, Norström AV, Andersson E, Norberg J, Peterson G - Ambio (2015)

Bottom Line: We combined GIS data with publically available information for quantifying and mapping the distribution of services.Additionally, we calculated the diversity of ES for each municipality and used correlations and k-means clustering analyses to assess the existence of ES bundles.We found five distinct types of bundles of ES spatially agglomerated in the landscape that could be explained by regional social and ecological gradients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Kräftriket 2B, 106-91, Stockholm, Sweden, cibele.queiroz@su.se.

ABSTRACT
Ecosystem services (ES) is a valuable concept to be used in the planning and management of social-ecological landscapes. However, the understanding of the determinant factors affecting the interaction between services in the form of synergies or trade-offs is still limited. We assessed the production of 16 ES across 62 municipalities in the Norrström drainage basin in Sweden. We combined GIS data with publically available information for quantifying and mapping the distribution of services. Additionally, we calculated the diversity of ES for each municipality and used correlations and k-means clustering analyses to assess the existence of ES bundles. We found five distinct types of bundles of ES spatially agglomerated in the landscape that could be explained by regional social and ecological gradients. Human-dominated landscapes were highly multifunctional in our study area and urban densely populated areas were hotspots of cultural services.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Location of the study area in the Norrström drainage basin, Sweden, and the 62 municipalities across the basin. The colors in the Norrström basin map indicate the population density in each municipality
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Fig1: Location of the study area in the Norrström drainage basin, Sweden, and the 62 municipalities across the basin. The colors in the Norrström basin map indicate the population density in each municipality

Mentions: The Norrström drainage basin is situated in south-central Sweden and covers 22 650 km2 (Fig. 1). The area has an east–west climate gradient from maritime in the south-east to continental in the north-west. Rainfall is higher during summer months (up to 60 mm day−1), than in winter (up to 25 mm day−1), summing up a total of 500–600 mm per year. The basin is heterogeneous in terms of land cover and land uses, usually with a mix of land uses at a fine scale, and includes two of Sweden’s largest lakes, Lake Mälaren and Lake Hjälmaren. Agricultural land is dominant (primarily pasturage, cereal production, and rapeseed) on the near surroundings of lake Mälaren, while the north-west is, to a large extent, dominated by production forest (primarily Norway Spruce Picea abies). The eastern part of the region is heavily influenced by the city of Stockholm and its extended metropolitan area, with high population density (Sporrong 2008). Food production landscapes have undergone major changes since the 1950s, either through reforestation and a shift away from full-time family farming or development toward larger farm units and intensified use. The water areas in the Norrström basin provide several important ES. Lake Mälaren, for example, is the main regional water supply for more than 1.5 million people in the Stockholm region. The Norrström basin is also famous for salmon fishing, and the surroundings of Lake Mälaren are known for their high natural and cultural values (including outdoor recreation).Fig. 1


Mapping bundles of ecosystem services reveals distinct types of multifunctionality within a Swedish landscape.

Queiroz C, Meacham M, Richter K, Norström AV, Andersson E, Norberg J, Peterson G - Ambio (2015)

Location of the study area in the Norrström drainage basin, Sweden, and the 62 municipalities across the basin. The colors in the Norrström basin map indicate the population density in each municipality
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4289005&req=5

Fig1: Location of the study area in the Norrström drainage basin, Sweden, and the 62 municipalities across the basin. The colors in the Norrström basin map indicate the population density in each municipality
Mentions: The Norrström drainage basin is situated in south-central Sweden and covers 22 650 km2 (Fig. 1). The area has an east–west climate gradient from maritime in the south-east to continental in the north-west. Rainfall is higher during summer months (up to 60 mm day−1), than in winter (up to 25 mm day−1), summing up a total of 500–600 mm per year. The basin is heterogeneous in terms of land cover and land uses, usually with a mix of land uses at a fine scale, and includes two of Sweden’s largest lakes, Lake Mälaren and Lake Hjälmaren. Agricultural land is dominant (primarily pasturage, cereal production, and rapeseed) on the near surroundings of lake Mälaren, while the north-west is, to a large extent, dominated by production forest (primarily Norway Spruce Picea abies). The eastern part of the region is heavily influenced by the city of Stockholm and its extended metropolitan area, with high population density (Sporrong 2008). Food production landscapes have undergone major changes since the 1950s, either through reforestation and a shift away from full-time family farming or development toward larger farm units and intensified use. The water areas in the Norrström basin provide several important ES. Lake Mälaren, for example, is the main regional water supply for more than 1.5 million people in the Stockholm region. The Norrström basin is also famous for salmon fishing, and the surroundings of Lake Mälaren are known for their high natural and cultural values (including outdoor recreation).Fig. 1

Bottom Line: We combined GIS data with publically available information for quantifying and mapping the distribution of services.Additionally, we calculated the diversity of ES for each municipality and used correlations and k-means clustering analyses to assess the existence of ES bundles.We found five distinct types of bundles of ES spatially agglomerated in the landscape that could be explained by regional social and ecological gradients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Kräftriket 2B, 106-91, Stockholm, Sweden, cibele.queiroz@su.se.

ABSTRACT
Ecosystem services (ES) is a valuable concept to be used in the planning and management of social-ecological landscapes. However, the understanding of the determinant factors affecting the interaction between services in the form of synergies or trade-offs is still limited. We assessed the production of 16 ES across 62 municipalities in the Norrström drainage basin in Sweden. We combined GIS data with publically available information for quantifying and mapping the distribution of services. Additionally, we calculated the diversity of ES for each municipality and used correlations and k-means clustering analyses to assess the existence of ES bundles. We found five distinct types of bundles of ES spatially agglomerated in the landscape that could be explained by regional social and ecological gradients. Human-dominated landscapes were highly multifunctional in our study area and urban densely populated areas were hotspots of cultural services.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus