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Epidemiology and individual, household and geographical risk factors of podoconiosis in Ethiopia: results from the first nationwide mapping.

Deribe K, Brooker SJ, Pullan RL, Sime H, Gebretsadik A, Assefa A, Kebede A, Hailu A, Rebollo MP, Shafi O, Bockarie MJ, Aseffa A, Reithinger R, Cano J, Enquselassie F, Newport MJ, Davey G - Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (2014)

Bottom Line: In multivariable analysis, being female, older, unmarried, washing the feet less frequently than daily, and being semiskilled or unemployed were significantly associated with increased risk of podoconiosis.Attending formal education and living in a house with a covered floor were associated with decreased risk of podoconiosis.Podoconiosis exhibits marked geographical variation across Ethiopia, with variation in risk associated with variation in rainfall, enhanced vegetation index, and altitude.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Falmer, Brighton, United Kingdom; School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Center for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom; Federal Ministry of Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Armauer Hansen Research Institute/ALERT, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; RTI International, Washington, DC kebededeka@yahoo.com.

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The geographical distribution of the prevalence of podoconiosis among adults ≥ 15 years of age in Ethiopia, 2013.
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Figure 4: The geographical distribution of the prevalence of podoconiosis among adults ≥ 15 years of age in Ethiopia, 2013.

Mentions: Figure 4 presents the prevalence of podoconiosis by survey cluster and shows marked geographical variation, with prevalence ranging from 0% to 54.6%. Clusters of high prevalence (> 5%, denoted in red and black in Figure 4) were exclusively found in Amhara, Oromia, and SNNP regional states, which represent most of the central highlands of Ethiopia. Most of the eastern and far northern part of the country had zero or near zero prevalence. All of the clusters in Addis Ababa, Affar, Dire Dawa, and Harari had zero prevalence of podoconiosis. Few cases were identified in Tigray and Somali regional states. The southwestern part of the country also had high prevalence clusters.


Epidemiology and individual, household and geographical risk factors of podoconiosis in Ethiopia: results from the first nationwide mapping.

Deribe K, Brooker SJ, Pullan RL, Sime H, Gebretsadik A, Assefa A, Kebede A, Hailu A, Rebollo MP, Shafi O, Bockarie MJ, Aseffa A, Reithinger R, Cano J, Enquselassie F, Newport MJ, Davey G - Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (2014)

The geographical distribution of the prevalence of podoconiosis among adults ≥ 15 years of age in Ethiopia, 2013.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4288951&req=5

Figure 4: The geographical distribution of the prevalence of podoconiosis among adults ≥ 15 years of age in Ethiopia, 2013.
Mentions: Figure 4 presents the prevalence of podoconiosis by survey cluster and shows marked geographical variation, with prevalence ranging from 0% to 54.6%. Clusters of high prevalence (> 5%, denoted in red and black in Figure 4) were exclusively found in Amhara, Oromia, and SNNP regional states, which represent most of the central highlands of Ethiopia. Most of the eastern and far northern part of the country had zero or near zero prevalence. All of the clusters in Addis Ababa, Affar, Dire Dawa, and Harari had zero prevalence of podoconiosis. Few cases were identified in Tigray and Somali regional states. The southwestern part of the country also had high prevalence clusters.

Bottom Line: In multivariable analysis, being female, older, unmarried, washing the feet less frequently than daily, and being semiskilled or unemployed were significantly associated with increased risk of podoconiosis.Attending formal education and living in a house with a covered floor were associated with decreased risk of podoconiosis.Podoconiosis exhibits marked geographical variation across Ethiopia, with variation in risk associated with variation in rainfall, enhanced vegetation index, and altitude.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Falmer, Brighton, United Kingdom; School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Center for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom; Federal Ministry of Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Armauer Hansen Research Institute/ALERT, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; RTI International, Washington, DC kebededeka@yahoo.com.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus