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First report of Theileria and Anaplasma in the Mongolian gazelle, Procapra gutturosa.

Li Y, Chen Z, Liu Z, Liu J, Yang J, Li Q, Li Y, Ren Q, Niu Q, Guan G, Luo J, Yin H - Parasit Vectors (2014)

Bottom Line: Theileria luwenshuni, A. bovis, A. phagocytophilum, and A. ovis were frequently found in P. gutturosa in China, at a prevalence of 97.8%, 78.3%, 65.2%, and 52.2%, respectively.No other Theileria or Anaplasma species was found in these samples.Our results extend our understanding of the epidemiology of theileriosis and anaplasmosis in P. gutturosa, and will facilitate the implementation of measures to control these tick-borne diseases in China.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xujiaping 1, Lanzhou, Gansu, 730046, PR China. youquan-li@163.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: Theileria and Anaplasma are especially important emerging tick-borne pathogens of animals and humans. Molecular surveys and identification of the infectious agents in Mongolian gazelle, Procapra gutturosa are not only crucial for the species' preservation, but also provide valuable information on parasite and bacterial epidemiology.

Findings: A molecular surveillance study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of Theileria spp. and Anaplasma spp. in P. gutturosa by PCR in China. Theileria luwenshuni, A. bovis, A. phagocytophilum, and A. ovis were frequently found in P. gutturosa in China, at a prevalence of 97.8%, 78.3%, 65.2%, and 52.2%, respectively. The prevalence of each pathogens in the tick Haemaphysalis longicornis was 80.0%, 66.7%, 76.7%, and 0%, respectively, and in the tick Dermacentor niveus was 88.2%, 35.3%, 88.2%, and 58.5%, respectively. No other Theileria or Anaplasma species was found in these samples. Rickettsia raoultii was detected for the first time in P. gutturosa in China.

Conclusions: Our results extend our understanding of the epidemiology of theileriosis and anaplasmosis in P. gutturosa, and will facilitate the implementation of measures to control these tick-borne diseases in China.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Theileria(A) andAnaplasma(B) in the blood smears from Mongolian gazelle.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Fig1: Theileria(A) andAnaplasma(B) in the blood smears from Mongolian gazelle.

Mentions: The blood smears were air-dried, fixed in methanol, stained with a 10% solution of Giemsa in phosphate-buffered saline (pH 7.2), and then analyzed microscopically and photographed (Figure 1).Figure 1


First report of Theileria and Anaplasma in the Mongolian gazelle, Procapra gutturosa.

Li Y, Chen Z, Liu Z, Liu J, Yang J, Li Q, Li Y, Ren Q, Niu Q, Guan G, Luo J, Yin H - Parasit Vectors (2014)

Theileria(A) andAnaplasma(B) in the blood smears from Mongolian gazelle.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4279875&req=5

Fig1: Theileria(A) andAnaplasma(B) in the blood smears from Mongolian gazelle.
Mentions: The blood smears were air-dried, fixed in methanol, stained with a 10% solution of Giemsa in phosphate-buffered saline (pH 7.2), and then analyzed microscopically and photographed (Figure 1).Figure 1

Bottom Line: Theileria luwenshuni, A. bovis, A. phagocytophilum, and A. ovis were frequently found in P. gutturosa in China, at a prevalence of 97.8%, 78.3%, 65.2%, and 52.2%, respectively.No other Theileria or Anaplasma species was found in these samples.Our results extend our understanding of the epidemiology of theileriosis and anaplasmosis in P. gutturosa, and will facilitate the implementation of measures to control these tick-borne diseases in China.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xujiaping 1, Lanzhou, Gansu, 730046, PR China. youquan-li@163.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: Theileria and Anaplasma are especially important emerging tick-borne pathogens of animals and humans. Molecular surveys and identification of the infectious agents in Mongolian gazelle, Procapra gutturosa are not only crucial for the species' preservation, but also provide valuable information on parasite and bacterial epidemiology.

Findings: A molecular surveillance study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of Theileria spp. and Anaplasma spp. in P. gutturosa by PCR in China. Theileria luwenshuni, A. bovis, A. phagocytophilum, and A. ovis were frequently found in P. gutturosa in China, at a prevalence of 97.8%, 78.3%, 65.2%, and 52.2%, respectively. The prevalence of each pathogens in the tick Haemaphysalis longicornis was 80.0%, 66.7%, 76.7%, and 0%, respectively, and in the tick Dermacentor niveus was 88.2%, 35.3%, 88.2%, and 58.5%, respectively. No other Theileria or Anaplasma species was found in these samples. Rickettsia raoultii was detected for the first time in P. gutturosa in China.

Conclusions: Our results extend our understanding of the epidemiology of theileriosis and anaplasmosis in P. gutturosa, and will facilitate the implementation of measures to control these tick-borne diseases in China.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus