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Playing a Musical Instrument as a Protective Factor against Dementia and Cognitive Impairment: A Population-Based Twin Study.

Balbag MA, Pedersen NL, Gatz M - Int J Alzheimers Dis (2014)

Bottom Line: Increasing evidence supports that playing a musical instrument may benefit cognitive development and health at young ages.Participation in playing an instrument was taken from informant-based reports of twins' leisure activities.Controlling for sex, education, and physical activity, playing a musical instrument was significantly associated with less likelihood of dementia and cognitive impairment (odds ratio [OR] = 0.36 [95% confidence interval 0.13-0.99]).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Davis School of Gerontology, University of Southern California, 3715 McClintock Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0191, USA.

ABSTRACT
Increasing evidence supports that playing a musical instrument may benefit cognitive development and health at young ages. Whether playing an instrument provides protection against dementia has not been established. In a population-based cotwin control study, we examined the association between playing a musical instrument and whether or not the twins developed dementia or cognitive impairment. Participation in playing an instrument was taken from informant-based reports of twins' leisure activities. Dementia diagnoses were based on a complete clinical workup using standard diagnostic criteria. Among 157 twin pairs discordant for dementia and cognitive impairment, 27 pairs were discordant for playing an instrument. Controlling for sex, education, and physical activity, playing a musical instrument was significantly associated with less likelihood of dementia and cognitive impairment (odds ratio [OR] = 0.36 [95% confidence interval 0.13-0.99]). These findings support further consideration of music as a modifiable protective factor against dementia and cognitive impairment.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Flowchart illustrating how cotwin sample was obtained from HARMONY.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig1: Flowchart illustrating how cotwin sample was obtained from HARMONY.

Mentions: In HARMONY, 231 twin pairs were discordant for dementia or cognitive impairment and 137 twin pairs were concordant for dementia or cognitive impairment. After excluding pairs with missing music data or pairs where the control died before the case's age of onset, the present sample consisted of 157 twin pairs (n = 314 individuals) discordant for dementia or cognitive impairment. Figure 1 illustrates how the current sample was obtained.


Playing a Musical Instrument as a Protective Factor against Dementia and Cognitive Impairment: A Population-Based Twin Study.

Balbag MA, Pedersen NL, Gatz M - Int J Alzheimers Dis (2014)

Flowchart illustrating how cotwin sample was obtained from HARMONY.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4269311&req=5

fig1: Flowchart illustrating how cotwin sample was obtained from HARMONY.
Mentions: In HARMONY, 231 twin pairs were discordant for dementia or cognitive impairment and 137 twin pairs were concordant for dementia or cognitive impairment. After excluding pairs with missing music data or pairs where the control died before the case's age of onset, the present sample consisted of 157 twin pairs (n = 314 individuals) discordant for dementia or cognitive impairment. Figure 1 illustrates how the current sample was obtained.

Bottom Line: Increasing evidence supports that playing a musical instrument may benefit cognitive development and health at young ages.Participation in playing an instrument was taken from informant-based reports of twins' leisure activities.Controlling for sex, education, and physical activity, playing a musical instrument was significantly associated with less likelihood of dementia and cognitive impairment (odds ratio [OR] = 0.36 [95% confidence interval 0.13-0.99]).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Davis School of Gerontology, University of Southern California, 3715 McClintock Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0191, USA.

ABSTRACT
Increasing evidence supports that playing a musical instrument may benefit cognitive development and health at young ages. Whether playing an instrument provides protection against dementia has not been established. In a population-based cotwin control study, we examined the association between playing a musical instrument and whether or not the twins developed dementia or cognitive impairment. Participation in playing an instrument was taken from informant-based reports of twins' leisure activities. Dementia diagnoses were based on a complete clinical workup using standard diagnostic criteria. Among 157 twin pairs discordant for dementia and cognitive impairment, 27 pairs were discordant for playing an instrument. Controlling for sex, education, and physical activity, playing a musical instrument was significantly associated with less likelihood of dementia and cognitive impairment (odds ratio [OR] = 0.36 [95% confidence interval 0.13-0.99]). These findings support further consideration of music as a modifiable protective factor against dementia and cognitive impairment.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus