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Sociodemographic correlates of unipolar major depression among the Chinese elderly in Klang Valley, Malaysia: an epidemiological study.

Verma RK, Min TH, Chakravarthy S, Barua A, Kar N - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

Bottom Line: We conducted a cross-sectional community-based study which included 150 Chinese elderly aged 60 and above within Klang Valley area.With multiple logistic regression, decision to consult doctor on depressed mood or memory problem and presence of cognitive impairment were shown to be significantly associated with unipolar major depression, whereas wellbeing status was also found to be statistically correlated with depression in univariate analysis.The prevalence of unipolar depression among Chinese elderly within Klang Valley, Malaysia presented that there was an increased trend compared to the previous studies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy, International Medical University, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Depression, as one of the most disabling diseases around the world, had caught the global concern with its rising prevalence rate. There is a growing need of detecting depression, particularly in the old age population which is often left being overlooked.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional community-based study which included 150 Chinese elderly aged 60 and above within Klang Valley area. We obtained the sociodemographic profiles and assessed the status of well-being, depression, and cognitive function of the participants with the help of instruments: WHO Five-Item Well-Being Index, Major (ICD-10) Depression Inventory, and 6-Item Cognitive Impairment Test.

Results: We found that the prevalence of depression among the Chinese elderly within Klang Valley region was 10.7%. With multiple logistic regression, decision to consult doctor on depressed mood or memory problem and presence of cognitive impairment were shown to be significantly associated with unipolar major depression, whereas wellbeing status was also found to be statistically correlated with depression in univariate analysis.

Conclusion: The prevalence of unipolar depression among Chinese elderly within Klang Valley, Malaysia presented that there was an increased trend compared to the previous studies.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

ROC curve: assessment of external validity of instruments. This graph was produced by SPSS 22.0 software.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig1: ROC curve: assessment of external validity of instruments. This graph was produced by SPSS 22.0 software.

Mentions: Figure 1 illustrates the results of ROC curve for assessment of external validity and accuracy of WHO-5 Well-Being Index (1998 version), Major (ICD-10) Depression Inventory, and Six-Item Cognitive Impairment Test. The total area under the curve was 0.846, displaying the fact that these instruments possess a good accuracy.


Sociodemographic correlates of unipolar major depression among the Chinese elderly in Klang Valley, Malaysia: an epidemiological study.

Verma RK, Min TH, Chakravarthy S, Barua A, Kar N - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

ROC curve: assessment of external validity of instruments. This graph was produced by SPSS 22.0 software.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4269188&req=5

fig1: ROC curve: assessment of external validity of instruments. This graph was produced by SPSS 22.0 software.
Mentions: Figure 1 illustrates the results of ROC curve for assessment of external validity and accuracy of WHO-5 Well-Being Index (1998 version), Major (ICD-10) Depression Inventory, and Six-Item Cognitive Impairment Test. The total area under the curve was 0.846, displaying the fact that these instruments possess a good accuracy.

Bottom Line: We conducted a cross-sectional community-based study which included 150 Chinese elderly aged 60 and above within Klang Valley area.With multiple logistic regression, decision to consult doctor on depressed mood or memory problem and presence of cognitive impairment were shown to be significantly associated with unipolar major depression, whereas wellbeing status was also found to be statistically correlated with depression in univariate analysis.The prevalence of unipolar depression among Chinese elderly within Klang Valley, Malaysia presented that there was an increased trend compared to the previous studies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy, International Medical University, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Depression, as one of the most disabling diseases around the world, had caught the global concern with its rising prevalence rate. There is a growing need of detecting depression, particularly in the old age population which is often left being overlooked.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional community-based study which included 150 Chinese elderly aged 60 and above within Klang Valley area. We obtained the sociodemographic profiles and assessed the status of well-being, depression, and cognitive function of the participants with the help of instruments: WHO Five-Item Well-Being Index, Major (ICD-10) Depression Inventory, and 6-Item Cognitive Impairment Test.

Results: We found that the prevalence of depression among the Chinese elderly within Klang Valley region was 10.7%. With multiple logistic regression, decision to consult doctor on depressed mood or memory problem and presence of cognitive impairment were shown to be significantly associated with unipolar major depression, whereas wellbeing status was also found to be statistically correlated with depression in univariate analysis.

Conclusion: The prevalence of unipolar depression among Chinese elderly within Klang Valley, Malaysia presented that there was an increased trend compared to the previous studies.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus