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Ethnopharmacological assessment of medicinal plants used against livestock infections by the people living around Indus River.

Mussarat S, Amber R, Tariq A, Adnan M, AbdElsalam NM, Ullah R, Bibi R - Biomed Res Int (2014)

Bottom Line: Total 43 plants belonging to 26 families were found to be used in ethnoveterinary practices.Preference ranking (PR) results showed that Zingiber officinale, Punica granatum, Triticum aestivum, Gossypium hirsutum, and Withania coagulans were the most preferred species for the treatment of diarrhea.Direct matrix ranking (DMR) results showed that Morus alba, Melia azedarach, Withania coagulans, Cassia fistula, Azadirachta indica, and Tamarix aphylla were the multipurpose species of the region.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Botany, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat 26000, Pakistan.

ABSTRACT
The present study was aimed to document detailed ethnopharmacological knowledge of medicinal plants against livestock infections of an unexplored remote region of Pakistan. Semistructured questionnaires were used for data collection. Total 43 plants belonging to 26 families were found to be used in ethnoveterinary practices. Seeds (29%) were found to be the most frequent plant part used followed by leaves (22%). Ethnoveterinary recipes were mostly prepared in the form of decoction and powdering. Informant consensus factor (Fic) results revealed high consensus for gastrointestinal (0.81), mastitis (0.82), and dermatological infections (0.80). Curcuma longa ranked first with highest fidelity level (FL) value (66%) followed by Trachyspermum ammi that ranked second (58%). Preference ranking (PR) results showed that Zingiber officinale, Punica granatum, Triticum aestivum, Gossypium hirsutum, and Withania coagulans were the most preferred species for the treatment of diarrhea. Direct matrix ranking (DMR) results showed that Morus alba, Melia azedarach, Withania coagulans, Cassia fistula, Azadirachta indica, and Tamarix aphylla were the multipurpose species of the region. We invite the attention of pharmacologists and chemists for further exploration of plants having high Fic, FL, and PR values in the present study. Conservation strategies should be adopted for the protection of multipurpose plant species.

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Number of plants used to treat different domestic animals.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig2: Number of plants used to treat different domestic animals.

Mentions: The present study revealed ethnoveterinary medicine of 43 plants that belong to 26 families for the treatment of different types of livestock ailments (Table 1). Traditional healers mostly used herbs (56%) for herbal preparation followed by trees (30%) and shrubs (19%) (Table 2). Almost all plant parts were being used for medicinal purposes but seeds (29%) and leaves (22%) were found to be the most frequently used plant part followed by whole plant (12%), fruits (10%), and stem (8%) (Table 2). Inhabitants of the region used these plants for the treatment of different types of domestic animals like buffaloes, cows, goat, sheep, camels, and donkey. A total of 41 plants were found to be used against treatment of cows ailments followed by 40 plants against buffalo's ailments, 12 for goats, 9 for sheep, 7 for camels, and 2 for donkeys (Figure 2).


Ethnopharmacological assessment of medicinal plants used against livestock infections by the people living around Indus River.

Mussarat S, Amber R, Tariq A, Adnan M, AbdElsalam NM, Ullah R, Bibi R - Biomed Res Int (2014)

Number of plants used to treat different domestic animals.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4269160&req=5

fig2: Number of plants used to treat different domestic animals.
Mentions: The present study revealed ethnoveterinary medicine of 43 plants that belong to 26 families for the treatment of different types of livestock ailments (Table 1). Traditional healers mostly used herbs (56%) for herbal preparation followed by trees (30%) and shrubs (19%) (Table 2). Almost all plant parts were being used for medicinal purposes but seeds (29%) and leaves (22%) were found to be the most frequently used plant part followed by whole plant (12%), fruits (10%), and stem (8%) (Table 2). Inhabitants of the region used these plants for the treatment of different types of domestic animals like buffaloes, cows, goat, sheep, camels, and donkey. A total of 41 plants were found to be used against treatment of cows ailments followed by 40 plants against buffalo's ailments, 12 for goats, 9 for sheep, 7 for camels, and 2 for donkeys (Figure 2).

Bottom Line: Total 43 plants belonging to 26 families were found to be used in ethnoveterinary practices.Preference ranking (PR) results showed that Zingiber officinale, Punica granatum, Triticum aestivum, Gossypium hirsutum, and Withania coagulans were the most preferred species for the treatment of diarrhea.Direct matrix ranking (DMR) results showed that Morus alba, Melia azedarach, Withania coagulans, Cassia fistula, Azadirachta indica, and Tamarix aphylla were the multipurpose species of the region.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Botany, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat 26000, Pakistan.

ABSTRACT
The present study was aimed to document detailed ethnopharmacological knowledge of medicinal plants against livestock infections of an unexplored remote region of Pakistan. Semistructured questionnaires were used for data collection. Total 43 plants belonging to 26 families were found to be used in ethnoveterinary practices. Seeds (29%) were found to be the most frequent plant part used followed by leaves (22%). Ethnoveterinary recipes were mostly prepared in the form of decoction and powdering. Informant consensus factor (Fic) results revealed high consensus for gastrointestinal (0.81), mastitis (0.82), and dermatological infections (0.80). Curcuma longa ranked first with highest fidelity level (FL) value (66%) followed by Trachyspermum ammi that ranked second (58%). Preference ranking (PR) results showed that Zingiber officinale, Punica granatum, Triticum aestivum, Gossypium hirsutum, and Withania coagulans were the most preferred species for the treatment of diarrhea. Direct matrix ranking (DMR) results showed that Morus alba, Melia azedarach, Withania coagulans, Cassia fistula, Azadirachta indica, and Tamarix aphylla were the multipurpose species of the region. We invite the attention of pharmacologists and chemists for further exploration of plants having high Fic, FL, and PR values in the present study. Conservation strategies should be adopted for the protection of multipurpose plant species.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus