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Brain-machine interfaces as a challenge to the "moment of singularity".

Kennedy P - Front Syst Neurosci (2014)

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Human Recording Lab, Neural Signals Inc. Duluth, GA, USA.

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Ray Kurzweil predicts that artificial intelligence will equal and then surpass human intelligence in the not-too-distant future, in what he calls the “moment of singularity. ” Advances in brain/machine interfacing (BMI) may be viewed as a challenge to this futuristic prediction... In his 2005 book “The Singularity is Near, when Humans transcend Biology” (Kurzweil, ), he predicts that by the year 2045 artificial intelligence will be equal to human intelligence, an event he calls the “moment of singularity. ” His most recent book “How to create a Mind” (Kurzweil, ) brings the singularity date forward in time to 2029... Thus, rather than just making the case for artificial intelligence within a computer, he alludes to the scenario wherein we will enhance our present brains... However, he does not say when it will happen in a meaningful way... He does state that artificial intelligence will equal human intelligence by 2029 (the moment of singularity), he does not predict when intelligence will enhance biology brains... Think: If it were possible to provide humans with instant and total memory, access to all information, infinite calculation ability and instant communication with whomever, whenever and wherever, we could have intelligence that would be superior to any present day intelligence that a computer has today (Li et al., )... Enhanced memory and knowledge can provide an individual with an unparalleled asset and make you superior to all other humans except those others who have this asset... Having all calculation abilities and instant communication would complete the superior human being (Fitzsimmons et al., ; O'Doherty et al., )... But would we be superior to Kurzweil's predicted intelligent computers? In these papers, monkeys received artificial sensations via intra-cortical stimulation... Initially, the brain was overwhelmed and the animals did not understand the meaning of this input... In that scenario, Kurzweil's prediction will only be delayed as long as there are human brains available... Once the human brains have all died off, Kurzweil's prediction will come true... I wrote the book under a pseudonym: Royal A.O. 2051... Amazon Digital Services.

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Theoretical hybrid human / robot.
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Figure 1: Theoretical hybrid human / robot.

Mentions: If an artificial heart/lung/nutrient factory were to be feasible, then why would we need a body? Well, we wouldn't. There would be no need for a biological body to provide mobility. Mobility and other functions could be maintained by a robotic shell that contains the heart/lung/nutrient factory that are all controlled by the instrumented brain. Advances with robotic hardware, software, and nanotechnology make such a development a strong possibility. It appears likely that we could end up with a hybrid robot containing an instrumented human biological brain that controls the robotic body (see Figure 1). This is a different outcome than Kurzweil's prediction of artificial intelligence in a computer, or humans with enhanced brains that have received artificial intelligence via red blood cells.


Brain-machine interfaces as a challenge to the "moment of singularity".

Kennedy P - Front Syst Neurosci (2014)

Theoretical hybrid human / robot.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4269110&req=5

Figure 1: Theoretical hybrid human / robot.
Mentions: If an artificial heart/lung/nutrient factory were to be feasible, then why would we need a body? Well, we wouldn't. There would be no need for a biological body to provide mobility. Mobility and other functions could be maintained by a robotic shell that contains the heart/lung/nutrient factory that are all controlled by the instrumented brain. Advances with robotic hardware, software, and nanotechnology make such a development a strong possibility. It appears likely that we could end up with a hybrid robot containing an instrumented human biological brain that controls the robotic body (see Figure 1). This is a different outcome than Kurzweil's prediction of artificial intelligence in a computer, or humans with enhanced brains that have received artificial intelligence via red blood cells.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Human Recording Lab, Neural Signals Inc. Duluth, GA, USA.

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

Ray Kurzweil predicts that artificial intelligence will equal and then surpass human intelligence in the not-too-distant future, in what he calls the “moment of singularity. ” Advances in brain/machine interfacing (BMI) may be viewed as a challenge to this futuristic prediction... In his 2005 book “The Singularity is Near, when Humans transcend Biology” (Kurzweil, ), he predicts that by the year 2045 artificial intelligence will be equal to human intelligence, an event he calls the “moment of singularity. ” His most recent book “How to create a Mind” (Kurzweil, ) brings the singularity date forward in time to 2029... Thus, rather than just making the case for artificial intelligence within a computer, he alludes to the scenario wherein we will enhance our present brains... However, he does not say when it will happen in a meaningful way... He does state that artificial intelligence will equal human intelligence by 2029 (the moment of singularity), he does not predict when intelligence will enhance biology brains... Think: If it were possible to provide humans with instant and total memory, access to all information, infinite calculation ability and instant communication with whomever, whenever and wherever, we could have intelligence that would be superior to any present day intelligence that a computer has today (Li et al., )... Enhanced memory and knowledge can provide an individual with an unparalleled asset and make you superior to all other humans except those others who have this asset... Having all calculation abilities and instant communication would complete the superior human being (Fitzsimmons et al., ; O'Doherty et al., )... But would we be superior to Kurzweil's predicted intelligent computers? In these papers, monkeys received artificial sensations via intra-cortical stimulation... Initially, the brain was overwhelmed and the animals did not understand the meaning of this input... In that scenario, Kurzweil's prediction will only be delayed as long as there are human brains available... Once the human brains have all died off, Kurzweil's prediction will come true... I wrote the book under a pseudonym: Royal A.O. 2051... Amazon Digital Services.

No MeSH data available.