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Field and controlled environment measurements show strong seasonal acclimation in photosynthesis and respiration potential in boreal Scots pine.

Kolari P, Chan T, Porcar-Castell A, Bäck J, Nikinmaa E, Juurola E - Front Plant Sci (2014)

Bottom Line: Despite the downregulation, the photosynthetic machinery retained a significant capacity during winter, which was not visible in the field measurements.On the other hand, the operating quantum yield of photosystem II and the initial slope of photosynthetic light response stayed almost at the summertime level until late autumn while at the same time P sat decreased following the prevailing temperature.Comparison of photosynthetic parameters with the environmental drivers suggests that light and minimum temperature are also decisive factors in the seasonal acclimation of photosynthesis in boreal evergreen trees.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physics, University of Helsinki Helsinki, Finland.

ABSTRACT
Understanding the seasonality of photosynthesis in boreal evergreen trees and its control by the environment requires separation of the instantaneous and slow responses, as well as the dynamics of light reactions, carbon reactions, and respiration. We determined the seasonality of photosynthetic light response and respiration parameters of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in the field in southern Finland and in controlled laboratory conditions. CO2 exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence were measured in the field using a continuously operated automated chamber setup and fluorescence monitoring systems. We also carried out monthly measurements of photosynthetic light, CO2 and temperature responses in standard conditions with a portable IRGA and fluorometer instrument. The field and response measurements indicated strong seasonal variability in the state of the photosynthetic machinery with a deep downregulation during winter. Despite the downregulation, the photosynthetic machinery retained a significant capacity during winter, which was not visible in the field measurements. Light-saturated photosynthesis (P sat) and the initial slope of the photosynthetic light response (α) obtained in standard conditions were up to 20% of their respective summertime values. Respiration also showed seasonal acclimation with peak values of respiration in standard temperature in spring and decline in autumn. Spring recovery of all photosynthetic parameters could be predicted with temperature history. On the other hand, the operating quantum yield of photosystem II and the initial slope of photosynthetic light response stayed almost at the summertime level until late autumn while at the same time P sat decreased following the prevailing temperature. Comparison of photosynthetic parameters with the environmental drivers suggests that light and minimum temperature are also decisive factors in the seasonal acclimation of photosynthesis in boreal evergreen trees.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Mean temperature responses of measured net CO2 exchange at 800 μmol m−2 s−1 (A800) and estimated photosynthesis (P800) of 5–6 sample shoots during response measurements in controlled conditions in spring (9–12 April), summer (18–26 July) and late autumn (11–14 November) of year 2011. Photosynthesis was estimated from the net CO2 exchange by adding respiration measured in the dark. The error bars indicate standard deviation of net CO2 exchange. Note the different scales of vertical axes.
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Figure 5: Mean temperature responses of measured net CO2 exchange at 800 μmol m−2 s−1 (A800) and estimated photosynthesis (P800) of 5–6 sample shoots during response measurements in controlled conditions in spring (9–12 April), summer (18–26 July) and late autumn (11–14 November) of year 2011. Photosynthesis was estimated from the net CO2 exchange by adding respiration measured in the dark. The error bars indicate standard deviation of net CO2 exchange. Note the different scales of vertical axes.

Mentions: The temperature responses of net CO2 exchange at 800 μmol m−2 s−1 PAR (A800) determined during three response campaigns in 2011 were relatively flat but the optimum was at a lower temperature (12°C) in April than in July and November (16–20°C). When gross photosynthesis (P800) was estimated by adding the measured Rd to the net CO2 exchange, the temperature responses became similar in shape (Figure 5). When photosynthetic capacity is downregulated, estimation of the temperature response of photosynthesis is very sensitive to respiration.


Field and controlled environment measurements show strong seasonal acclimation in photosynthesis and respiration potential in boreal Scots pine.

Kolari P, Chan T, Porcar-Castell A, Bäck J, Nikinmaa E, Juurola E - Front Plant Sci (2014)

Mean temperature responses of measured net CO2 exchange at 800 μmol m−2 s−1 (A800) and estimated photosynthesis (P800) of 5–6 sample shoots during response measurements in controlled conditions in spring (9–12 April), summer (18–26 July) and late autumn (11–14 November) of year 2011. Photosynthesis was estimated from the net CO2 exchange by adding respiration measured in the dark. The error bars indicate standard deviation of net CO2 exchange. Note the different scales of vertical axes.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4264410&req=5

Figure 5: Mean temperature responses of measured net CO2 exchange at 800 μmol m−2 s−1 (A800) and estimated photosynthesis (P800) of 5–6 sample shoots during response measurements in controlled conditions in spring (9–12 April), summer (18–26 July) and late autumn (11–14 November) of year 2011. Photosynthesis was estimated from the net CO2 exchange by adding respiration measured in the dark. The error bars indicate standard deviation of net CO2 exchange. Note the different scales of vertical axes.
Mentions: The temperature responses of net CO2 exchange at 800 μmol m−2 s−1 PAR (A800) determined during three response campaigns in 2011 were relatively flat but the optimum was at a lower temperature (12°C) in April than in July and November (16–20°C). When gross photosynthesis (P800) was estimated by adding the measured Rd to the net CO2 exchange, the temperature responses became similar in shape (Figure 5). When photosynthetic capacity is downregulated, estimation of the temperature response of photosynthesis is very sensitive to respiration.

Bottom Line: Despite the downregulation, the photosynthetic machinery retained a significant capacity during winter, which was not visible in the field measurements.On the other hand, the operating quantum yield of photosystem II and the initial slope of photosynthetic light response stayed almost at the summertime level until late autumn while at the same time P sat decreased following the prevailing temperature.Comparison of photosynthetic parameters with the environmental drivers suggests that light and minimum temperature are also decisive factors in the seasonal acclimation of photosynthesis in boreal evergreen trees.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physics, University of Helsinki Helsinki, Finland.

ABSTRACT
Understanding the seasonality of photosynthesis in boreal evergreen trees and its control by the environment requires separation of the instantaneous and slow responses, as well as the dynamics of light reactions, carbon reactions, and respiration. We determined the seasonality of photosynthetic light response and respiration parameters of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in the field in southern Finland and in controlled laboratory conditions. CO2 exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence were measured in the field using a continuously operated automated chamber setup and fluorescence monitoring systems. We also carried out monthly measurements of photosynthetic light, CO2 and temperature responses in standard conditions with a portable IRGA and fluorometer instrument. The field and response measurements indicated strong seasonal variability in the state of the photosynthetic machinery with a deep downregulation during winter. Despite the downregulation, the photosynthetic machinery retained a significant capacity during winter, which was not visible in the field measurements. Light-saturated photosynthesis (P sat) and the initial slope of the photosynthetic light response (α) obtained in standard conditions were up to 20% of their respective summertime values. Respiration also showed seasonal acclimation with peak values of respiration in standard temperature in spring and decline in autumn. Spring recovery of all photosynthetic parameters could be predicted with temperature history. On the other hand, the operating quantum yield of photosystem II and the initial slope of photosynthetic light response stayed almost at the summertime level until late autumn while at the same time P sat decreased following the prevailing temperature. Comparison of photosynthetic parameters with the environmental drivers suggests that light and minimum temperature are also decisive factors in the seasonal acclimation of photosynthesis in boreal evergreen trees.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus