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The electronic cigarette: the new cigarette of the 21st century?

Knorst MM, Benedetto IG, Hoffmeister MC, Gazzana MB - J Bras Pneumol (2014)

Bottom Line: The electronic nicotine delivery system, also known as the electronic cigarette, is generating considerable controversy, not only in the general population but also among health professionals.There are few available data regarding the safety of electronic cigarettes.In addition, the increasing use of electronic cigarettes by adolescents is a cause for concern.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
The electronic nicotine delivery system, also known as the electronic cigarette, is generating considerable controversy, not only in the general population but also among health professionals. Smokers the world over have been increasingly using electronic cigarettes as an aid to smoking cessation and as a substitute for conventional cigarettes. There are few available data regarding the safety of electronic cigarettes. There is as yet no evidence that electronic cigarettes are effective in treating nicotine addiction. Some smokers have reported using electronic cigarettes for over a year, often combined with conventional cigarettes, thus prolonging nicotine addiction. In addition, the increasing use of electronic cigarettes by adolescents is a cause for concern. The objective of this study was to describe electronic cigarettes and their components, as well as to review the literature regarding their safety; their impact on smoking initiation and smoking cessation; and regulatory issues related to their use.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Counseling patients on the use of electronic cigarettes EC: electroniccigarette; and ANVISA: Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (NationalHealth Surveillance Agency).
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f03: Counseling patients on the use of electronic cigarettes EC: electroniccigarette; and ANVISA: Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (NationalHealth Surveillance Agency).

Mentions: On the basis of the aforementioned information, pulmonologists can and should counselpatients seeking information on ECs. Chart 2 showsEC issues that can be addressed. It is possible that patients seeking information on ECsare motivated to quit smoking. Cognitive-behavioral therapy should be offered to allsmokers. Smoking cessation guidelines(60) contain scientifically proven information on how to help patients quitsmoking. Nicotine withdrawal treatment is available in the public healthsystem.(5) For smokers with a high level of dependence, the combined use ofmedications to control withdrawal symptoms can increase treatment effectiveness.Nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion, and varenicline are treatment options approvedby the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency.


The electronic cigarette: the new cigarette of the 21st century?

Knorst MM, Benedetto IG, Hoffmeister MC, Gazzana MB - J Bras Pneumol (2014)

Counseling patients on the use of electronic cigarettes EC: electroniccigarette; and ANVISA: Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (NationalHealth Surveillance Agency).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4263338&req=5

f03: Counseling patients on the use of electronic cigarettes EC: electroniccigarette; and ANVISA: Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (NationalHealth Surveillance Agency).
Mentions: On the basis of the aforementioned information, pulmonologists can and should counselpatients seeking information on ECs. Chart 2 showsEC issues that can be addressed. It is possible that patients seeking information on ECsare motivated to quit smoking. Cognitive-behavioral therapy should be offered to allsmokers. Smoking cessation guidelines(60) contain scientifically proven information on how to help patients quitsmoking. Nicotine withdrawal treatment is available in the public healthsystem.(5) For smokers with a high level of dependence, the combined use ofmedications to control withdrawal symptoms can increase treatment effectiveness.Nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion, and varenicline are treatment options approvedby the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency.

Bottom Line: The electronic nicotine delivery system, also known as the electronic cigarette, is generating considerable controversy, not only in the general population but also among health professionals.There are few available data regarding the safety of electronic cigarettes.In addition, the increasing use of electronic cigarettes by adolescents is a cause for concern.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
The electronic nicotine delivery system, also known as the electronic cigarette, is generating considerable controversy, not only in the general population but also among health professionals. Smokers the world over have been increasingly using electronic cigarettes as an aid to smoking cessation and as a substitute for conventional cigarettes. There are few available data regarding the safety of electronic cigarettes. There is as yet no evidence that electronic cigarettes are effective in treating nicotine addiction. Some smokers have reported using electronic cigarettes for over a year, often combined with conventional cigarettes, thus prolonging nicotine addiction. In addition, the increasing use of electronic cigarettes by adolescents is a cause for concern. The objective of this study was to describe electronic cigarettes and their components, as well as to review the literature regarding their safety; their impact on smoking initiation and smoking cessation; and regulatory issues related to their use.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus