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Assessment of inhaler techniques employed by patients with respiratory diseases in southern Brazil: a population-based study.

Oliveira PD, Menezes AM, Bertoldi AD, Wehrmeister FC, Macedo SE - J Bras Pneumol (2014)

Bottom Line: Individuals ≥ 60 years of age more often made such errors.In this sample, the most common errors in the use of inhalers were not exhaling prior to inhalation, not performing a breath-hold after inhalation, and not shaking the MDI prior to use.Special attention should be given to education regarding inhaler techniques for patients of lower socioeconomic status and with less formal education, as well as for those of advanced age, because those populations are at a greater risk of committing errors in their use of inhalers.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify incorrect inhaler techniques employed by patients with respiratory diseases in southern Brazil and to profile the individuals who make such errors.

Methods: This was a population-based, cross-sectional study involving subjects ≥ 10 years of age using metered dose inhalers (MDIs) or dry powder inhalers (DPIs) in 1,722 households in the city of Pelotas, Brazil.

Results: We included 110 subjects, who collectively used 94 MDIs and 49 DPIs. The most common errors in the use of MDIs and DPIs were not exhaling prior to inhalation (66% and 47%, respectively), not performing a breath-hold after inhalation (29% and 25%), and not shaking the MDI prior to use (21%). Individuals ≥ 60 years of age more often made such errors. Among the demonstrations of the use of MDIs and DPIs, at least one error was made in 72% and 51%, respectively. Overall, there were errors made in all steps in 11% of the demonstrations, whereas there were no errors made in 13%.Among the individuals who made at least one error, the proportion of those with a low level of education was significantly greater than was that of those with a higher level of education, for MDIs (85% vs. 60%; p = 0.018) and for DPIs (81% vs. 35%; p = 0.010).

Conclusions: In this sample, the most common errors in the use of inhalers were not exhaling prior to inhalation, not performing a breath-hold after inhalation, and not shaking the MDI prior to use. Special attention should be given to education regarding inhaler techniques for patients of lower socioeconomic status and with less formal education, as well as for those of advanced age, because those populations are at a greater risk of committing errors in their use of inhalers.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Flowchart of sample composition.
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f01: Flowchart of sample composition.

Mentions: Figure 1 describes the main study sample and thesubstudy sample. The substudy sample consisted of 110 individuals who agreed to undergoinhaler technique assessment. In total, 143 inhalers (94 MDIs and 49 DPIs) were used. Ofthe 146 inhaler users identified in the main study, 21 (14.4%) declined to participateor were not located during the course of the substudy, 8 (5.5%) were excluded becausethey were unable to perform the inhaler technique without assistance, and 7 (4.8%) wereexcluded because they used a spacer with a mask.


Assessment of inhaler techniques employed by patients with respiratory diseases in southern Brazil: a population-based study.

Oliveira PD, Menezes AM, Bertoldi AD, Wehrmeister FC, Macedo SE - J Bras Pneumol (2014)

Flowchart of sample composition.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4263332&req=5

f01: Flowchart of sample composition.
Mentions: Figure 1 describes the main study sample and thesubstudy sample. The substudy sample consisted of 110 individuals who agreed to undergoinhaler technique assessment. In total, 143 inhalers (94 MDIs and 49 DPIs) were used. Ofthe 146 inhaler users identified in the main study, 21 (14.4%) declined to participateor were not located during the course of the substudy, 8 (5.5%) were excluded becausethey were unable to perform the inhaler technique without assistance, and 7 (4.8%) wereexcluded because they used a spacer with a mask.

Bottom Line: Individuals ≥ 60 years of age more often made such errors.In this sample, the most common errors in the use of inhalers were not exhaling prior to inhalation, not performing a breath-hold after inhalation, and not shaking the MDI prior to use.Special attention should be given to education regarding inhaler techniques for patients of lower socioeconomic status and with less formal education, as well as for those of advanced age, because those populations are at a greater risk of committing errors in their use of inhalers.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify incorrect inhaler techniques employed by patients with respiratory diseases in southern Brazil and to profile the individuals who make such errors.

Methods: This was a population-based, cross-sectional study involving subjects ≥ 10 years of age using metered dose inhalers (MDIs) or dry powder inhalers (DPIs) in 1,722 households in the city of Pelotas, Brazil.

Results: We included 110 subjects, who collectively used 94 MDIs and 49 DPIs. The most common errors in the use of MDIs and DPIs were not exhaling prior to inhalation (66% and 47%, respectively), not performing a breath-hold after inhalation (29% and 25%), and not shaking the MDI prior to use (21%). Individuals ≥ 60 years of age more often made such errors. Among the demonstrations of the use of MDIs and DPIs, at least one error was made in 72% and 51%, respectively. Overall, there were errors made in all steps in 11% of the demonstrations, whereas there were no errors made in 13%.Among the individuals who made at least one error, the proportion of those with a low level of education was significantly greater than was that of those with a higher level of education, for MDIs (85% vs. 60%; p = 0.018) and for DPIs (81% vs. 35%; p = 0.010).

Conclusions: In this sample, the most common errors in the use of inhalers were not exhaling prior to inhalation, not performing a breath-hold after inhalation, and not shaking the MDI prior to use. Special attention should be given to education regarding inhaler techniques for patients of lower socioeconomic status and with less formal education, as well as for those of advanced age, because those populations are at a greater risk of committing errors in their use of inhalers.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus