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Making an effort to feel positive: insecure attachment in infancy predicts the neural underpinnings of emotion regulation in adulthood.

Moutsiana C, Fearon P, Murray L, Cooper P, Goodyer I, Johnstone T, Halligan S - J Child Psychol Psychiatry (2014)

Bottom Line: If similar processes operate in human development then this is significant, as the capacity to regulate emotional states is fundamental to human adaptation.Specifically, while attempting to up-regulate positive emotions, adults who had been insecurely versus securely attached as infants showed greater activation in prefrontal regions involved in cognitive control and reduced co-activation of nucleus accumbens with prefrontal cortex, consistent with relative inefficiency in the neural regulation of positive affect.Disturbances in the mother-infant relationship may persistently alter the neural circuitry of emotion regulation, with potential implications for adjustment in adulthood.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Psychology & Language Sciences, University College London, London, UK.

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Summary of attachment based differences (secure vs. insecure) in activation in response to passive (‘attend’) versus up-regulate (‘increase’) conditions during the viewing of positive pictures; *p < .05, ***p < .005
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fig02: Summary of attachment based differences (secure vs. insecure) in activation in response to passive (‘attend’) versus up-regulate (‘increase’) conditions during the viewing of positive pictures; *p < .05, ***p < .005

Mentions: In post hoc analyses which probed these interactions between attachment status and condition, extracted contrast estimates from each cluster were analysed, using paired samples t-tests to compare % signal change response between the increase and attend conditions separately for each attachment group. Results are shown in Figure2. In each region, the secure group showed greater activation during the passive viewing of positive pictures compared with the up-regulation condition; this difference (increase < attend) was statistically significant for the dmPFC and right anterior PFC/frontal pole, but not for the rACC or left anterior PFC/frontal pole. By contrast, the insecure group showed significantly greater activation during the up-regulation condition than during passive viewing (increase > attend) in the rACC, left anterior PFC/frontal pole and dmPFC, but not for the right anterior PFC/frontal pole.4


Making an effort to feel positive: insecure attachment in infancy predicts the neural underpinnings of emotion regulation in adulthood.

Moutsiana C, Fearon P, Murray L, Cooper P, Goodyer I, Johnstone T, Halligan S - J Child Psychol Psychiatry (2014)

Summary of attachment based differences (secure vs. insecure) in activation in response to passive (‘attend’) versus up-regulate (‘increase’) conditions during the viewing of positive pictures; *p < .05, ***p < .005
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4263234&req=5

fig02: Summary of attachment based differences (secure vs. insecure) in activation in response to passive (‘attend’) versus up-regulate (‘increase’) conditions during the viewing of positive pictures; *p < .05, ***p < .005
Mentions: In post hoc analyses which probed these interactions between attachment status and condition, extracted contrast estimates from each cluster were analysed, using paired samples t-tests to compare % signal change response between the increase and attend conditions separately for each attachment group. Results are shown in Figure2. In each region, the secure group showed greater activation during the passive viewing of positive pictures compared with the up-regulation condition; this difference (increase < attend) was statistically significant for the dmPFC and right anterior PFC/frontal pole, but not for the rACC or left anterior PFC/frontal pole. By contrast, the insecure group showed significantly greater activation during the up-regulation condition than during passive viewing (increase > attend) in the rACC, left anterior PFC/frontal pole and dmPFC, but not for the right anterior PFC/frontal pole.4

Bottom Line: If similar processes operate in human development then this is significant, as the capacity to regulate emotional states is fundamental to human adaptation.Specifically, while attempting to up-regulate positive emotions, adults who had been insecurely versus securely attached as infants showed greater activation in prefrontal regions involved in cognitive control and reduced co-activation of nucleus accumbens with prefrontal cortex, consistent with relative inefficiency in the neural regulation of positive affect.Disturbances in the mother-infant relationship may persistently alter the neural circuitry of emotion regulation, with potential implications for adjustment in adulthood.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Psychology & Language Sciences, University College London, London, UK.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus