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Motorcycle-related injuries at a university teaching hospital in north central Nigeria.

Elachi IC, Okunola BB, Yongu WT, Onyemaechi NO, Odatuwa-Omagbemi OD, Ahachi CN, Mue DD - Niger Med J (2014)

Bottom Line: Mortality rate was 6.3% with head injuries being involved in all cases.Young males were mostly injured in motorcycle-related trauma.Enforcement of motorcycle crash bars and helmet usage is recommended.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Surgery, Benue State University, Markurdi, Benue, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

Background: Motorcycle-related injuries lead to considerable morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to determine the pattern and outcome of motorcycle-related injuries at Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, Nigeria.

Patients and methods: Case records of all patients who presented to the accident and emergency department with motorcycle-related injuries between July 2012 and June 2013 were analysed for age, gender, injury host status (i.e. rider, pillion or pedestrian), nature of collision (motorcycle versus other vehicles, motorcycle versus motorcycle, motorcycle versus pedestrian or lone riders), body region injured, injury severity score (ISS) at arrival, length of hospital stay (LOS) and mortality.

Results: Seventy - nine patients with motorcycle-related injuries were included in the study. They consisted of 63 males (61.8%) and 16 females (15.7%). The age range was 5-65 years with a mean of 32.4 ± 14.0. Motorcycle versus vehicle collisions were the most common mechanism of injury (n = 46, 58.2%). Musculoskeletal injuries constituted the most common injuries sustained (n = 50, 47.6%) and the tibia was the most frequently fractured bone (n = 14, 35.9%). The majority of patients (57.0%) sustained mild/moderate injuries (ISS ≤ 15). There was no statistically significant difference between the sexes for sustaining mild/moderate injuries or severe/profound injuries (P > 0.05). Mortality rate was 6.3% with head injuries being involved in all cases.

Conclusion: Young males were mostly injured in motorcycle-related trauma. Musculoskeletal injuries were the most common injuries sustained and head injuries were involved in all the deaths. Enforcement of motorcycle crash bars and helmet usage is recommended.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of motorcycle related injury patients by age groups
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Figure 1: Distribution of motorcycle related injury patients by age groups

Mentions: One hundred and eighty-nine patients presented with road traffic injuries within the study period. Seventy-nine (41.8%) were victims with motorcycle-related injury consisting of 63 males (61.8%) and 16 females (15.7%) with a male-female ratio of 3.9:1. Their ages ranged from 5 years to 65 years with a mean of 32.4 ± 14.0 and a peak age incidence of 20-29 years. About 70% of victims were less than 40 years of age. Figure 1 shows the age distribution of patients.


Motorcycle-related injuries at a university teaching hospital in north central Nigeria.

Elachi IC, Okunola BB, Yongu WT, Onyemaechi NO, Odatuwa-Omagbemi OD, Ahachi CN, Mue DD - Niger Med J (2014)

Distribution of motorcycle related injury patients by age groups
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4262838&req=5

Figure 1: Distribution of motorcycle related injury patients by age groups
Mentions: One hundred and eighty-nine patients presented with road traffic injuries within the study period. Seventy-nine (41.8%) were victims with motorcycle-related injury consisting of 63 males (61.8%) and 16 females (15.7%) with a male-female ratio of 3.9:1. Their ages ranged from 5 years to 65 years with a mean of 32.4 ± 14.0 and a peak age incidence of 20-29 years. About 70% of victims were less than 40 years of age. Figure 1 shows the age distribution of patients.

Bottom Line: Mortality rate was 6.3% with head injuries being involved in all cases.Young males were mostly injured in motorcycle-related trauma.Enforcement of motorcycle crash bars and helmet usage is recommended.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Surgery, Benue State University, Markurdi, Benue, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

Background: Motorcycle-related injuries lead to considerable morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to determine the pattern and outcome of motorcycle-related injuries at Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, Nigeria.

Patients and methods: Case records of all patients who presented to the accident and emergency department with motorcycle-related injuries between July 2012 and June 2013 were analysed for age, gender, injury host status (i.e. rider, pillion or pedestrian), nature of collision (motorcycle versus other vehicles, motorcycle versus motorcycle, motorcycle versus pedestrian or lone riders), body region injured, injury severity score (ISS) at arrival, length of hospital stay (LOS) and mortality.

Results: Seventy - nine patients with motorcycle-related injuries were included in the study. They consisted of 63 males (61.8%) and 16 females (15.7%). The age range was 5-65 years with a mean of 32.4 ± 14.0. Motorcycle versus vehicle collisions were the most common mechanism of injury (n = 46, 58.2%). Musculoskeletal injuries constituted the most common injuries sustained (n = 50, 47.6%) and the tibia was the most frequently fractured bone (n = 14, 35.9%). The majority of patients (57.0%) sustained mild/moderate injuries (ISS ≤ 15). There was no statistically significant difference between the sexes for sustaining mild/moderate injuries or severe/profound injuries (P > 0.05). Mortality rate was 6.3% with head injuries being involved in all cases.

Conclusion: Young males were mostly injured in motorcycle-related trauma. Musculoskeletal injuries were the most common injuries sustained and head injuries were involved in all the deaths. Enforcement of motorcycle crash bars and helmet usage is recommended.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus