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An overview of seventy years of research (1944-2014) on toxoplasmosis in Colombia, South America.

Cañón-Franco WA, López-Orozco N, Gómez-Marín JE, Dubey JP - Parasit Vectors (2014)

Bottom Line: Limited studies indicate that the strains of T. gondii from Colombia are genetically and phenotypically different than in Europe and North America.Areas of research for the future are outlined.This review should be of interest to biologists, veterinarians, physicians, and parasitologists.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, Av, Prof, Dr, Orlando Marques de Paiva 87 Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, SP, CEP 05508-270, Brasil. william.canon@ucaldas.edu.co.

ABSTRACT
This paper summarizes prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in humans and animals and associated correlates of infection, clinical spectrum of disease in humans, and genetic diversity of T. gondii isolates from Colombia. Recent studies, especially in the states of Antioquia, Quindío and Cundinamarca, indicate that toxoplasmosis is a major public health problem. Approximately half of the women of child bearing age have T. gondii antibodies, and the clinical disease in congenitally infected children is more severe than in Europe. Limited studies indicate that the strains of T. gondii from Colombia are genetically and phenotypically different than in Europe and North America. However, epidemiological factors, such as the involvement of domestic and/or wild animals in transmission, the distribution of strain diversity by natural geographic regions, and the variation in risk factors between regions that are associated with human infection in Colombia, remain unknown. Areas of research for the future are outlined. This review should be of interest to biologists, veterinarians, physicians, and parasitologists.

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Serological studies ofT. gondiiinfection in humans and animals in Colombia (1944–2014). On the map are indicated the natural regions and states of Colombia. I Caribbean Region: Archipelago of San Andrés and Providencia (SAP), La Guajira (LAG), Atlántico (ATL), Magdalena (MAG), Cesar (CES), Sucre (SUC), Bolívar (BOL), Córdoba (COR); II Pacific Region: Chocó (CHO), Valle (VAC), Cauca (CAU), Nariño (NAR); III Andean Region: Bogotá D.C (D.C), Norte de Santander (NSA), Antioquia (ANT), Santander (SAN), Risaralda (RIS), Caldas (CAL), Cundinamarca (CUN), Boyacá (BOY), Quindío (QUI), Tolima (TOL), Huila (HUI); IV Orinoquía Region: Arauca (ARA), Casanare (CAS), Vichada (VID), Meta (MET) and V Amazon Region: Putumayo (PUT), Caquetá (CAQ), Guaviare (GUV), Guainía (GUA), Vaupés (VAU), Amazonas (AMA).
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Fig1: Serological studies ofT. gondiiinfection in humans and animals in Colombia (1944–2014). On the map are indicated the natural regions and states of Colombia. I Caribbean Region: Archipelago of San Andrés and Providencia (SAP), La Guajira (LAG), Atlántico (ATL), Magdalena (MAG), Cesar (CES), Sucre (SUC), Bolívar (BOL), Córdoba (COR); II Pacific Region: Chocó (CHO), Valle (VAC), Cauca (CAU), Nariño (NAR); III Andean Region: Bogotá D.C (D.C), Norte de Santander (NSA), Antioquia (ANT), Santander (SAN), Risaralda (RIS), Caldas (CAL), Cundinamarca (CUN), Boyacá (BOY), Quindío (QUI), Tolima (TOL), Huila (HUI); IV Orinoquía Region: Arauca (ARA), Casanare (CAS), Vichada (VID), Meta (MET) and V Amazon Region: Putumayo (PUT), Caquetá (CAQ), Guaviare (GUV), Guainía (GUA), Vaupés (VAU), Amazonas (AMA).

Mentions: Data are summarized in Tables 2,3 and4 and Figure 1.Table 2


An overview of seventy years of research (1944-2014) on toxoplasmosis in Colombia, South America.

Cañón-Franco WA, López-Orozco N, Gómez-Marín JE, Dubey JP - Parasit Vectors (2014)

Serological studies ofT. gondiiinfection in humans and animals in Colombia (1944–2014). On the map are indicated the natural regions and states of Colombia. I Caribbean Region: Archipelago of San Andrés and Providencia (SAP), La Guajira (LAG), Atlántico (ATL), Magdalena (MAG), Cesar (CES), Sucre (SUC), Bolívar (BOL), Córdoba (COR); II Pacific Region: Chocó (CHO), Valle (VAC), Cauca (CAU), Nariño (NAR); III Andean Region: Bogotá D.C (D.C), Norte de Santander (NSA), Antioquia (ANT), Santander (SAN), Risaralda (RIS), Caldas (CAL), Cundinamarca (CUN), Boyacá (BOY), Quindío (QUI), Tolima (TOL), Huila (HUI); IV Orinoquía Region: Arauca (ARA), Casanare (CAS), Vichada (VID), Meta (MET) and V Amazon Region: Putumayo (PUT), Caquetá (CAQ), Guaviare (GUV), Guainía (GUA), Vaupés (VAU), Amazonas (AMA).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4262115&req=5

Fig1: Serological studies ofT. gondiiinfection in humans and animals in Colombia (1944–2014). On the map are indicated the natural regions and states of Colombia. I Caribbean Region: Archipelago of San Andrés and Providencia (SAP), La Guajira (LAG), Atlántico (ATL), Magdalena (MAG), Cesar (CES), Sucre (SUC), Bolívar (BOL), Córdoba (COR); II Pacific Region: Chocó (CHO), Valle (VAC), Cauca (CAU), Nariño (NAR); III Andean Region: Bogotá D.C (D.C), Norte de Santander (NSA), Antioquia (ANT), Santander (SAN), Risaralda (RIS), Caldas (CAL), Cundinamarca (CUN), Boyacá (BOY), Quindío (QUI), Tolima (TOL), Huila (HUI); IV Orinoquía Region: Arauca (ARA), Casanare (CAS), Vichada (VID), Meta (MET) and V Amazon Region: Putumayo (PUT), Caquetá (CAQ), Guaviare (GUV), Guainía (GUA), Vaupés (VAU), Amazonas (AMA).
Mentions: Data are summarized in Tables 2,3 and4 and Figure 1.Table 2

Bottom Line: Limited studies indicate that the strains of T. gondii from Colombia are genetically and phenotypically different than in Europe and North America.Areas of research for the future are outlined.This review should be of interest to biologists, veterinarians, physicians, and parasitologists.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, Av, Prof, Dr, Orlando Marques de Paiva 87 Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, SP, CEP 05508-270, Brasil. william.canon@ucaldas.edu.co.

ABSTRACT
This paper summarizes prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in humans and animals and associated correlates of infection, clinical spectrum of disease in humans, and genetic diversity of T. gondii isolates from Colombia. Recent studies, especially in the states of Antioquia, Quindío and Cundinamarca, indicate that toxoplasmosis is a major public health problem. Approximately half of the women of child bearing age have T. gondii antibodies, and the clinical disease in congenitally infected children is more severe than in Europe. Limited studies indicate that the strains of T. gondii from Colombia are genetically and phenotypically different than in Europe and North America. However, epidemiological factors, such as the involvement of domestic and/or wild animals in transmission, the distribution of strain diversity by natural geographic regions, and the variation in risk factors between regions that are associated with human infection in Colombia, remain unknown. Areas of research for the future are outlined. This review should be of interest to biologists, veterinarians, physicians, and parasitologists.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus