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Stereospecific synthesis of 23-hydroxyundecylprodiginines and analogues and conversion to antimalarial premarineosins via a Rieske oxygenase catalyzed bicyclization.

Kancharla P, Lu W, Salem SM, Kelly JX, Reynolds KA - J. Org. Chem. (2014)

Bottom Line: We demonstrated a novel Rieske oxygenase MarG catalyzed stereoselective bicyclization of (23S)-2 to premarineosin A (4), a key step in the tailoring process of the biosynthesis of marineosins, using a marG heterologous expression system.Feeding of 34-36 to Streptomyces venezuelae expressing marG led to production of novel premarineosins, paving a way for the production of marineosin analogues via a combinatorial synthetic/biosynthetic approach.This study presents the first example of oxidative bicyclization mediated by a Rieske oxygenase.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Portland State University , Portland, Oregon 97201, United States.

ABSTRACT
Facile and highly efficient synthetic routes for the synthesis of (S)- and (R)-23-hydroxyundecylprodiginines ((23S)-2, and (23R)-2), 23-ketoundecylprodiginine (3), and deuterium-labeled 23-hydroxyundecylprodiginine ([23-d]-2) have been developed. We demonstrated a novel Rieske oxygenase MarG catalyzed stereoselective bicyclization of (23S)-2 to premarineosin A (4), a key step in the tailoring process of the biosynthesis of marineosins, using a marG heterologous expression system. The synthesis of various A-C-ring functionalized prodiginines 32-41 was achieved to investigate the substrate promiscuity of MarG. The two analogues 32 and 33 exhibit antimalarial and cytotoxic activities stronger than those of the marineosin intermediate 2, against Plasmodium falciparum strains (CQ(S)-D6, CQ(R)-Dd2, and 7G8) and hepatocellular HepG2 cancer cell line, respectively. Feeding of 34-36 to Streptomyces venezuelae expressing marG led to production of novel premarineosins, paving a way for the production of marineosin analogues via a combinatorial synthetic/biosynthetic approach. This study presents the first example of oxidative bicyclization mediated by a Rieske oxygenase.

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Synthesis of Hydroxyundecylprodiginines 39–41 Containing a Terminal Hydroxyl Group at the Alkyl Chain
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sch9: Synthesis of Hydroxyundecylprodiginines 39–41 Containing a Terminal Hydroxyl Group at the Alkyl Chain


Stereospecific synthesis of 23-hydroxyundecylprodiginines and analogues and conversion to antimalarial premarineosins via a Rieske oxygenase catalyzed bicyclization.

Kancharla P, Lu W, Salem SM, Kelly JX, Reynolds KA - J. Org. Chem. (2014)

Synthesis of Hydroxyundecylprodiginines 39–41 Containing a Terminal Hydroxyl Group at the Alkyl Chain
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4260665&req=5

sch9: Synthesis of Hydroxyundecylprodiginines 39–41 Containing a Terminal Hydroxyl Group at the Alkyl Chain
Bottom Line: We demonstrated a novel Rieske oxygenase MarG catalyzed stereoselective bicyclization of (23S)-2 to premarineosin A (4), a key step in the tailoring process of the biosynthesis of marineosins, using a marG heterologous expression system.Feeding of 34-36 to Streptomyces venezuelae expressing marG led to production of novel premarineosins, paving a way for the production of marineosin analogues via a combinatorial synthetic/biosynthetic approach.This study presents the first example of oxidative bicyclization mediated by a Rieske oxygenase.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Portland State University , Portland, Oregon 97201, United States.

ABSTRACT
Facile and highly efficient synthetic routes for the synthesis of (S)- and (R)-23-hydroxyundecylprodiginines ((23S)-2, and (23R)-2), 23-ketoundecylprodiginine (3), and deuterium-labeled 23-hydroxyundecylprodiginine ([23-d]-2) have been developed. We demonstrated a novel Rieske oxygenase MarG catalyzed stereoselective bicyclization of (23S)-2 to premarineosin A (4), a key step in the tailoring process of the biosynthesis of marineosins, using a marG heterologous expression system. The synthesis of various A-C-ring functionalized prodiginines 32-41 was achieved to investigate the substrate promiscuity of MarG. The two analogues 32 and 33 exhibit antimalarial and cytotoxic activities stronger than those of the marineosin intermediate 2, against Plasmodium falciparum strains (CQ(S)-D6, CQ(R)-Dd2, and 7G8) and hepatocellular HepG2 cancer cell line, respectively. Feeding of 34-36 to Streptomyces venezuelae expressing marG led to production of novel premarineosins, paving a way for the production of marineosin analogues via a combinatorial synthetic/biosynthetic approach. This study presents the first example of oxidative bicyclization mediated by a Rieske oxygenase.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus