Partial genetic characterization of peste des petits ruminants virus from goats in northern and eastern Tanzania.
Bottom Line: Post mortem findings included pneumonia, congestion of the intestines, and hemorrhages in lymph nodes associated with the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems.Phylogenetic analysis, based on the N gene, indicated that PPRV obtained from Northern and Eastern Tanzania clustered with PPRV strains of Lineage III, together with PPRV from Sudan and Ethiopia.The findings of this study indicate that there are active PPRV infections in Northern and Eastern Tanzania, suggesting risks for potential spread of PPR in the rest of Tanzania.
Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.Show MeSH
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Mentions: The main clinical signs observed in goats suspected with PPR included fever, dullness, diarrhea, lacrimation, matting of eye lids, purulent oculonasal discharges, cutaneous nodules, erosions on the soft palate and gums and laboured breathing. In some animals, raised cutaneous nodules of up to 3 cm in size were observed especially on the neck region (Fig. 2). The rectal temperature of the examined goats ranged between 39.1 to 41°C, with most animals examined having temperatures above 40°C. Post mortem findings included pneumonia, dark red and firm to touch areas in the lungs, haemorrhages and congestion of the intestines, watery intestinal contents and hemorrhages of lymph nodes associated with the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems (Fig. 2).
Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.