Partial genetic characterization of peste des petits ruminants virus from goats in northern and eastern Tanzania.
Bottom Line: Post mortem findings included pneumonia, congestion of the intestines, and hemorrhages in lymph nodes associated with the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems.Phylogenetic analysis, based on the N gene, indicated that PPRV obtained from Northern and Eastern Tanzania clustered with PPRV strains of Lineage III, together with PPRV from Sudan and Ethiopia.The findings of this study indicate that there are active PPRV infections in Northern and Eastern Tanzania, suggesting risks for potential spread of PPR in the rest of Tanzania.
Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.Show MeSH
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Mentions: The present study was conducted in Ngorongoro district in Arusha region located in Northern Tanzania and Mvomero district in Morogoro region located in Eastern Tanzania. The Ngorongoro district was selected owing to occurrence of several PPR outbreaks since 2008 even in the areas where vaccination was practiced. The District is considered to be a risk area because it borders Kenya, from which it is believed that the disease was introduced into Northern Tanzania (Kivaria et al., 2013) and it forms part of the Northern transboundary animal movement route. The Mvomero district was also included in the present study because farmers reported outbreaks of a disease resembling PPR. In Mvomero district, samples were collected from goats in November 2012 and January 2013 in Kauzeni and Dakawa villages, respectively (Fig. 1). In Ngorongoro district, samples were obtained in February and March 2013 from villages bordering the Serengeti National Park including Meshili village within Ngorongoro Conservation Area and Piyaya and Malambo villages within Loliondo Game Controlled Area (Fig. 1). In both Mvomero and Ngorongoro districts, samples were obtained from goats belonging to maasai pastoralists.
Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.