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Effect of progressive pedometer based walking intervention on quality of life and general well being among patients with type 2 diabetes.

Guglani R, Shenoy S, Sandhu JS - J Diabetes Metab Disord (2014)

Bottom Line: Differences between the groups were compared using analysis of variance (ANOVA).In the group A significant reduction were noted among all the items except long distance journey (p<0.05).Supervised Walking using a pedometer was found more effective in improving quality of life and general wellbeing for Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes. [CTRI/2012/10/003034].

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Sports Medicine and Physiotherapy, Guru Nanak Dev University, 143005 Amritsar, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: To determine the effectiveness of two goal setting pedometer based walking program for people with type 2 diabetes, one employing supervised exercise group with pedometer and the other employing self reported group with pedometer.

Methods: A total of 102 type 2 diabetic outpatients (28 women, 74 men) between the age of 40-70 years were recruited and randomly allocated into 3 groups: supervised exercise group with pedometer (Group A), self reported exercise group with pedometer (Group B) and a control group (Group C) for 16 weeks. Subjects were asked to respond to the Audit of Diabetes Dependent Quality of Life (ADDQoL) and well being questionnaire at two occasions i.e. 0 week and after 16 weeks of intervention. Paired t test were used within the groups to compare Mean ± SD for all the parameters at baseline and at the end of 16 weeks. Differences between the groups were compared using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Statistical difference was further analyzed by Post hoc analysis using Bonferroni method.

Results: The item "Freedom to eat" had the highest negative impact among all the subgroups. Other domains that were adversely affected by diabetes are 'leisure activity', 'do physically', 'physical appearance', 'self confidence', 'future' and 'financial situation'. In the group A significant reduction were noted among all the items except long distance journey (p<0.05). In the group B participants experienced reduction among all the domains except long distance journey, sex life and living condition.

Conclusion: Pedometer determined activity has the potential to improve the quality of life. Supervised Walking using a pedometer was found more effective in improving quality of life and general wellbeing for Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes.

Clinical trial registry india ctri: [CTRI/2012/10/003034].

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Weekly average step counts in Group A and Group B.
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Fig7: Weekly average step counts in Group A and Group B.

Mentions: Subjects in both experimental groups (supervised and self reported group) had low physical activity at week 1. Subjects in the supervised group reported higher physical activity in comparison to their week 1 activity (3012 ± 194) to (3934 ± 207) after 16 weeks. In self reported group, subjects showed marginal decline in their step count after 10 weeks but overall step count was higher than that at week 1 [Figure 7].Figure 7


Effect of progressive pedometer based walking intervention on quality of life and general well being among patients with type 2 diabetes.

Guglani R, Shenoy S, Sandhu JS - J Diabetes Metab Disord (2014)

Weekly average step counts in Group A and Group B.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4260197&req=5

Fig7: Weekly average step counts in Group A and Group B.
Mentions: Subjects in both experimental groups (supervised and self reported group) had low physical activity at week 1. Subjects in the supervised group reported higher physical activity in comparison to their week 1 activity (3012 ± 194) to (3934 ± 207) after 16 weeks. In self reported group, subjects showed marginal decline in their step count after 10 weeks but overall step count was higher than that at week 1 [Figure 7].Figure 7

Bottom Line: Differences between the groups were compared using analysis of variance (ANOVA).In the group A significant reduction were noted among all the items except long distance journey (p<0.05).Supervised Walking using a pedometer was found more effective in improving quality of life and general wellbeing for Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes. [CTRI/2012/10/003034].

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Sports Medicine and Physiotherapy, Guru Nanak Dev University, 143005 Amritsar, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: To determine the effectiveness of two goal setting pedometer based walking program for people with type 2 diabetes, one employing supervised exercise group with pedometer and the other employing self reported group with pedometer.

Methods: A total of 102 type 2 diabetic outpatients (28 women, 74 men) between the age of 40-70 years were recruited and randomly allocated into 3 groups: supervised exercise group with pedometer (Group A), self reported exercise group with pedometer (Group B) and a control group (Group C) for 16 weeks. Subjects were asked to respond to the Audit of Diabetes Dependent Quality of Life (ADDQoL) and well being questionnaire at two occasions i.e. 0 week and after 16 weeks of intervention. Paired t test were used within the groups to compare Mean ± SD for all the parameters at baseline and at the end of 16 weeks. Differences between the groups were compared using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Statistical difference was further analyzed by Post hoc analysis using Bonferroni method.

Results: The item "Freedom to eat" had the highest negative impact among all the subgroups. Other domains that were adversely affected by diabetes are 'leisure activity', 'do physically', 'physical appearance', 'self confidence', 'future' and 'financial situation'. In the group A significant reduction were noted among all the items except long distance journey (p<0.05). In the group B participants experienced reduction among all the domains except long distance journey, sex life and living condition.

Conclusion: Pedometer determined activity has the potential to improve the quality of life. Supervised Walking using a pedometer was found more effective in improving quality of life and general wellbeing for Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes.

Clinical trial registry india ctri: [CTRI/2012/10/003034].

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus