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Effect of progressive pedometer based walking intervention on quality of life and general well being among patients with type 2 diabetes.

Guglani R, Shenoy S, Sandhu JS - J Diabetes Metab Disord (2014)

Bottom Line: Differences between the groups were compared using analysis of variance (ANOVA).In the group A significant reduction were noted among all the items except long distance journey (p<0.05).Supervised Walking using a pedometer was found more effective in improving quality of life and general wellbeing for Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes. [CTRI/2012/10/003034].

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Sports Medicine and Physiotherapy, Guru Nanak Dev University, 143005 Amritsar, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: To determine the effectiveness of two goal setting pedometer based walking program for people with type 2 diabetes, one employing supervised exercise group with pedometer and the other employing self reported group with pedometer.

Methods: A total of 102 type 2 diabetic outpatients (28 women, 74 men) between the age of 40-70 years were recruited and randomly allocated into 3 groups: supervised exercise group with pedometer (Group A), self reported exercise group with pedometer (Group B) and a control group (Group C) for 16 weeks. Subjects were asked to respond to the Audit of Diabetes Dependent Quality of Life (ADDQoL) and well being questionnaire at two occasions i.e. 0 week and after 16 weeks of intervention. Paired t test were used within the groups to compare Mean ± SD for all the parameters at baseline and at the end of 16 weeks. Differences between the groups were compared using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Statistical difference was further analyzed by Post hoc analysis using Bonferroni method.

Results: The item "Freedom to eat" had the highest negative impact among all the subgroups. Other domains that were adversely affected by diabetes are 'leisure activity', 'do physically', 'physical appearance', 'self confidence', 'future' and 'financial situation'. In the group A significant reduction were noted among all the items except long distance journey (p<0.05). In the group B participants experienced reduction among all the domains except long distance journey, sex life and living condition.

Conclusion: Pedometer determined activity has the potential to improve the quality of life. Supervised Walking using a pedometer was found more effective in improving quality of life and general wellbeing for Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes.

Clinical trial registry india ctri: [CTRI/2012/10/003034].

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Impact of diabetes on individual life domains before and after intervention for group B. p value indicates significance of difference in group B *p<0.05, **P<0.01, ***p<0.001.
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Fig2: Impact of diabetes on individual life domains before and after intervention for group B. p value indicates significance of difference in group B *p<0.05, **P<0.01, ***p<0.001.

Mentions: On multiple comparisons at baseline, non significant differences were found in between three groups for all the nineteen items of quality of life. Though, after 16 weeks we found that group A and group B showed statically significant reduction in negative impact of ‘quality of life domains’ [Figures 1 and 2]. In group A significant improvement was noted in all domains of quality of life except long distance journey [Figure 1] (p < 0.05). In the group B participant’s experienced significant improvement in all domains except long distance journey, sex life and living condition [Figure 2]. Responses to quality of life domains were more negative amongst control group [Figure 3] compared to group A and group B after 16 weeks of study.Figure 1


Effect of progressive pedometer based walking intervention on quality of life and general well being among patients with type 2 diabetes.

Guglani R, Shenoy S, Sandhu JS - J Diabetes Metab Disord (2014)

Impact of diabetes on individual life domains before and after intervention for group B. p value indicates significance of difference in group B *p<0.05, **P<0.01, ***p<0.001.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4260197&req=5

Fig2: Impact of diabetes on individual life domains before and after intervention for group B. p value indicates significance of difference in group B *p<0.05, **P<0.01, ***p<0.001.
Mentions: On multiple comparisons at baseline, non significant differences were found in between three groups for all the nineteen items of quality of life. Though, after 16 weeks we found that group A and group B showed statically significant reduction in negative impact of ‘quality of life domains’ [Figures 1 and 2]. In group A significant improvement was noted in all domains of quality of life except long distance journey [Figure 1] (p < 0.05). In the group B participant’s experienced significant improvement in all domains except long distance journey, sex life and living condition [Figure 2]. Responses to quality of life domains were more negative amongst control group [Figure 3] compared to group A and group B after 16 weeks of study.Figure 1

Bottom Line: Differences between the groups were compared using analysis of variance (ANOVA).In the group A significant reduction were noted among all the items except long distance journey (p<0.05).Supervised Walking using a pedometer was found more effective in improving quality of life and general wellbeing for Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes. [CTRI/2012/10/003034].

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Sports Medicine and Physiotherapy, Guru Nanak Dev University, 143005 Amritsar, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: To determine the effectiveness of two goal setting pedometer based walking program for people with type 2 diabetes, one employing supervised exercise group with pedometer and the other employing self reported group with pedometer.

Methods: A total of 102 type 2 diabetic outpatients (28 women, 74 men) between the age of 40-70 years were recruited and randomly allocated into 3 groups: supervised exercise group with pedometer (Group A), self reported exercise group with pedometer (Group B) and a control group (Group C) for 16 weeks. Subjects were asked to respond to the Audit of Diabetes Dependent Quality of Life (ADDQoL) and well being questionnaire at two occasions i.e. 0 week and after 16 weeks of intervention. Paired t test were used within the groups to compare Mean ± SD for all the parameters at baseline and at the end of 16 weeks. Differences between the groups were compared using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Statistical difference was further analyzed by Post hoc analysis using Bonferroni method.

Results: The item "Freedom to eat" had the highest negative impact among all the subgroups. Other domains that were adversely affected by diabetes are 'leisure activity', 'do physically', 'physical appearance', 'self confidence', 'future' and 'financial situation'. In the group A significant reduction were noted among all the items except long distance journey (p<0.05). In the group B participants experienced reduction among all the domains except long distance journey, sex life and living condition.

Conclusion: Pedometer determined activity has the potential to improve the quality of life. Supervised Walking using a pedometer was found more effective in improving quality of life and general wellbeing for Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes.

Clinical trial registry india ctri: [CTRI/2012/10/003034].

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus