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Community-based control of the brown dog tick in a region with high rates of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, 2012-2013.

Drexler N, Miller M, Gerding J, Todd S, Adams L, Dahlgren FS, Bryant N, Weis E, Herrick K, Francies J, Komatsu K, Piontkowski S, Velascosoltero J, Shelhamer T, Hamilton B, Eribes C, Brock A, Sneezy P, Goseyun C, Bendle H, Hovet R, Williams V, Massung R, McQuiston JH - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: The high case fatality rate makes community-level interventions aimed at rapid and sustained reduction of ticks urgent.Homeowner reports of tick activity in the domestic and peridomestic setting showed similar decreases in tick activity compared to the non-project communities.Expansion of this successful project to other areas with Rhipicephalus-transmitted RMSF has the potential to reduce brown dog tick infestations and save human lives.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato) has emerged as a significant public health risk on American Indian reservations in eastern Arizona. During 2003-2012, more than 250 RMSF cases and 19 deaths were documented among Arizona's American Indian population. The high case fatality rate makes community-level interventions aimed at rapid and sustained reduction of ticks urgent. Beginning in 2012, a two year pilot integrated tick prevention campaign called the RMSF Rodeo was launched in a ∼ 600-home tribal community with high rates of RMSF. During year one, long-acting tick collars were placed on all dogs in the community, environmental acaricides were applied to yards monthly, and animal care practices such as spay and neuter and proper tethering procedures were encouraged. Tick levels, indicated by visible inspection of dogs, tick traps and homeowner reports were used to monitor tick presence and evaluate the efficacy of interventions throughout the project. By the end of year one, <1% of dogs in the RMSF Rodeo community had visible tick infestations five months after the project was started, compared to 64% of dogs in Non-Rodeo communities, and environmental tick levels were reduced below detectable levels. The second year of the project focused on use of the long-acting collar alone and achieved sustained tick control with fewer than 3% of dogs in the RMSF Rodeo community with visible tick infestations by the end of the second year. Homeowner reports of tick activity in the domestic and peridomestic setting showed similar decreases in tick activity compared to the non-project communities. Expansion of this successful project to other areas with Rhipicephalus-transmitted RMSF has the potential to reduce brown dog tick infestations and save human lives.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Human case incidence of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in the RMSF Rodeo community and Non-Rodeo communities before and after the start of the RMSF Rodeo in April 2012.
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pone-0112368-g005: Human case incidence of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in the RMSF Rodeo community and Non-Rodeo communities before and after the start of the RMSF Rodeo in April 2012.

Mentions: Of reported human cases of RMSF on Reservation B, 62% of the cases in this four-year span met a probable case definition and 38% were considered confirmed. Average annual incidence of human cases of RMSF was estimated to be 1.2 cases per 1000 persons in both the RMSF Rodeo community and in the Non-Rodeo communities prior to the start of the RMSF Rodeo in April of 2012. In the two years following, average incidence in the RMSF Rodeo community decreased by 43% to 0.71 cases per 1000 persons. Cases also decreased in the Non-Rodeo communities, to 0.90 cases per 1000 persons, a decrease of 27% (see figure 5).


Community-based control of the brown dog tick in a region with high rates of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, 2012-2013.

Drexler N, Miller M, Gerding J, Todd S, Adams L, Dahlgren FS, Bryant N, Weis E, Herrick K, Francies J, Komatsu K, Piontkowski S, Velascosoltero J, Shelhamer T, Hamilton B, Eribes C, Brock A, Sneezy P, Goseyun C, Bendle H, Hovet R, Williams V, Massung R, McQuiston JH - PLoS ONE (2014)

Human case incidence of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in the RMSF Rodeo community and Non-Rodeo communities before and after the start of the RMSF Rodeo in April 2012.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4257530&req=5

pone-0112368-g005: Human case incidence of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in the RMSF Rodeo community and Non-Rodeo communities before and after the start of the RMSF Rodeo in April 2012.
Mentions: Of reported human cases of RMSF on Reservation B, 62% of the cases in this four-year span met a probable case definition and 38% were considered confirmed. Average annual incidence of human cases of RMSF was estimated to be 1.2 cases per 1000 persons in both the RMSF Rodeo community and in the Non-Rodeo communities prior to the start of the RMSF Rodeo in April of 2012. In the two years following, average incidence in the RMSF Rodeo community decreased by 43% to 0.71 cases per 1000 persons. Cases also decreased in the Non-Rodeo communities, to 0.90 cases per 1000 persons, a decrease of 27% (see figure 5).

Bottom Line: The high case fatality rate makes community-level interventions aimed at rapid and sustained reduction of ticks urgent.Homeowner reports of tick activity in the domestic and peridomestic setting showed similar decreases in tick activity compared to the non-project communities.Expansion of this successful project to other areas with Rhipicephalus-transmitted RMSF has the potential to reduce brown dog tick infestations and save human lives.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato) has emerged as a significant public health risk on American Indian reservations in eastern Arizona. During 2003-2012, more than 250 RMSF cases and 19 deaths were documented among Arizona's American Indian population. The high case fatality rate makes community-level interventions aimed at rapid and sustained reduction of ticks urgent. Beginning in 2012, a two year pilot integrated tick prevention campaign called the RMSF Rodeo was launched in a ∼ 600-home tribal community with high rates of RMSF. During year one, long-acting tick collars were placed on all dogs in the community, environmental acaricides were applied to yards monthly, and animal care practices such as spay and neuter and proper tethering procedures were encouraged. Tick levels, indicated by visible inspection of dogs, tick traps and homeowner reports were used to monitor tick presence and evaluate the efficacy of interventions throughout the project. By the end of year one, <1% of dogs in the RMSF Rodeo community had visible tick infestations five months after the project was started, compared to 64% of dogs in Non-Rodeo communities, and environmental tick levels were reduced below detectable levels. The second year of the project focused on use of the long-acting collar alone and achieved sustained tick control with fewer than 3% of dogs in the RMSF Rodeo community with visible tick infestations by the end of the second year. Homeowner reports of tick activity in the domestic and peridomestic setting showed similar decreases in tick activity compared to the non-project communities. Expansion of this successful project to other areas with Rhipicephalus-transmitted RMSF has the potential to reduce brown dog tick infestations and save human lives.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus