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Community-based control of the brown dog tick in a region with high rates of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, 2012-2013.

Drexler N, Miller M, Gerding J, Todd S, Adams L, Dahlgren FS, Bryant N, Weis E, Herrick K, Francies J, Komatsu K, Piontkowski S, Velascosoltero J, Shelhamer T, Hamilton B, Eribes C, Brock A, Sneezy P, Goseyun C, Bendle H, Hovet R, Williams V, Massung R, McQuiston JH - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: The high case fatality rate makes community-level interventions aimed at rapid and sustained reduction of ticks urgent.Homeowner reports of tick activity in the domestic and peridomestic setting showed similar decreases in tick activity compared to the non-project communities.Expansion of this successful project to other areas with Rhipicephalus-transmitted RMSF has the potential to reduce brown dog tick infestations and save human lives.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato) has emerged as a significant public health risk on American Indian reservations in eastern Arizona. During 2003-2012, more than 250 RMSF cases and 19 deaths were documented among Arizona's American Indian population. The high case fatality rate makes community-level interventions aimed at rapid and sustained reduction of ticks urgent. Beginning in 2012, a two year pilot integrated tick prevention campaign called the RMSF Rodeo was launched in a ∼ 600-home tribal community with high rates of RMSF. During year one, long-acting tick collars were placed on all dogs in the community, environmental acaricides were applied to yards monthly, and animal care practices such as spay and neuter and proper tethering procedures were encouraged. Tick levels, indicated by visible inspection of dogs, tick traps and homeowner reports were used to monitor tick presence and evaluate the efficacy of interventions throughout the project. By the end of year one, <1% of dogs in the RMSF Rodeo community had visible tick infestations five months after the project was started, compared to 64% of dogs in Non-Rodeo communities, and environmental tick levels were reduced below detectable levels. The second year of the project focused on use of the long-acting collar alone and achieved sustained tick control with fewer than 3% of dogs in the RMSF Rodeo community with visible tick infestations by the end of the second year. Homeowner reports of tick activity in the domestic and peridomestic setting showed similar decreases in tick activity compared to the non-project communities. Expansion of this successful project to other areas with Rhipicephalus-transmitted RMSF has the potential to reduce brown dog tick infestations and save human lives.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Observed ticks by life stage in CO2 traps in the RMSF Rodeo community, n = 5 homes, 3 traps per home.
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pone-0112368-g002: Observed ticks by life stage in CO2 traps in the RMSF Rodeo community, n = 5 homes, 3 traps per home.

Mentions: Substantial numbers of ticks were captured in the CO2 tick traps in May 2012 (n = 1274). Tick numbers decreased drastically in June (n = 54), with continuing decreases in the months to follow; no ticks were observed in environmental traps by the end of Phase 1 (figure 2). Tick traps were set again in March and May of 2013, but no ticks were captured at any locations. Tick trapping was discontinued as it was no longer sensitive to measuring tick burden in the environment.


Community-based control of the brown dog tick in a region with high rates of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, 2012-2013.

Drexler N, Miller M, Gerding J, Todd S, Adams L, Dahlgren FS, Bryant N, Weis E, Herrick K, Francies J, Komatsu K, Piontkowski S, Velascosoltero J, Shelhamer T, Hamilton B, Eribes C, Brock A, Sneezy P, Goseyun C, Bendle H, Hovet R, Williams V, Massung R, McQuiston JH - PLoS ONE (2014)

Observed ticks by life stage in CO2 traps in the RMSF Rodeo community, n = 5 homes, 3 traps per home.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4257530&req=5

pone-0112368-g002: Observed ticks by life stage in CO2 traps in the RMSF Rodeo community, n = 5 homes, 3 traps per home.
Mentions: Substantial numbers of ticks were captured in the CO2 tick traps in May 2012 (n = 1274). Tick numbers decreased drastically in June (n = 54), with continuing decreases in the months to follow; no ticks were observed in environmental traps by the end of Phase 1 (figure 2). Tick traps were set again in March and May of 2013, but no ticks were captured at any locations. Tick trapping was discontinued as it was no longer sensitive to measuring tick burden in the environment.

Bottom Line: The high case fatality rate makes community-level interventions aimed at rapid and sustained reduction of ticks urgent.Homeowner reports of tick activity in the domestic and peridomestic setting showed similar decreases in tick activity compared to the non-project communities.Expansion of this successful project to other areas with Rhipicephalus-transmitted RMSF has the potential to reduce brown dog tick infestations and save human lives.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato) has emerged as a significant public health risk on American Indian reservations in eastern Arizona. During 2003-2012, more than 250 RMSF cases and 19 deaths were documented among Arizona's American Indian population. The high case fatality rate makes community-level interventions aimed at rapid and sustained reduction of ticks urgent. Beginning in 2012, a two year pilot integrated tick prevention campaign called the RMSF Rodeo was launched in a ∼ 600-home tribal community with high rates of RMSF. During year one, long-acting tick collars were placed on all dogs in the community, environmental acaricides were applied to yards monthly, and animal care practices such as spay and neuter and proper tethering procedures were encouraged. Tick levels, indicated by visible inspection of dogs, tick traps and homeowner reports were used to monitor tick presence and evaluate the efficacy of interventions throughout the project. By the end of year one, <1% of dogs in the RMSF Rodeo community had visible tick infestations five months after the project was started, compared to 64% of dogs in Non-Rodeo communities, and environmental tick levels were reduced below detectable levels. The second year of the project focused on use of the long-acting collar alone and achieved sustained tick control with fewer than 3% of dogs in the RMSF Rodeo community with visible tick infestations by the end of the second year. Homeowner reports of tick activity in the domestic and peridomestic setting showed similar decreases in tick activity compared to the non-project communities. Expansion of this successful project to other areas with Rhipicephalus-transmitted RMSF has the potential to reduce brown dog tick infestations and save human lives.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus