Assessing anthropogenic impact on boreal lakes with historical fish species distribution data and hydrogeochemical modeling.
Bottom Line: Quantifying the effects of human activity on the natural environment is dependent on credible estimates of reference conditions to define the state of the environment before the onset of adverse human impacts.In 2010, MAGIC predicted chemical recovery in 50% of the lakes, however roach only recolonized in five lakes after 1990, showing a lag between chemical and biological recovery.Based on our results, we show how the conceptual model can be used to understand and prioritize management of physico-chemical and ecological effects of anthropogenic stressors on surface water quality.
Affiliation: Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7050, Uppsala, SE-750 07, Sweden.Show MeSH
Mentions: All water chemistry data were collected under the Swedish national Lake monitoring program (Fölster et al. in prep., http://www.slu.se/vattenmiljo). The 85 lakes in this study covered a wide range of pH, total organic carbon (TOC), and acid neutralizing capacity (ANC). These lakes were compared with 4600 lakes randomly selected during 2007–2012 in Sweden (Fig.2). The 85 lakes included in the study, covered most of the range of a random selection of Swedish lakes (n = 4600) in the national lake survey, but with a bias toward acidified lakes. This was reflected in lower pH and ANC and higher SO42− concentrations, although a few lakes with high ANC and pH are included. The pH ranged 4.5 to 8.2, TOC ranged 3 to 32 mg L−1, and ANC ranged 0.02 meq L−1 to 3.1 meq L−1.
Affiliation: Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7050, Uppsala, SE-750 07, Sweden.