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An updated insight into the Sialotranscriptome of Triatoma infestans: developmental stage and geographic variations.

Schwarz A, Medrano-Mercado N, Schaub GA, Struchiner CJ, Bargues MD, Levy MZ, Ribeiro JM - PLoS Negl Trop Dis (2014)

Bottom Line: Transcripts that were over 10-fold overexpressed from different geographical regions, or from different developmental stages were identified.Polymorphisms were mapped to derived coding sequences, and found to vary between developmental instars and geographic origin of the biological material.This expanded sialome database from T. infestans should be of assistance in future proteomic work attempting to identify salivary proteins that might be used as epidemiological markers of vector exposure, or proteins of pharmacological interest.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of Czech Republic, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic.

ABSTRACT

Background: Triatoma infestans is the main vector of Chagas disease in South America. As in all hematophagous arthropods, its saliva contains a complex cocktail that assists blood feeding by preventing platelet aggregation and blood clotting and promoting vasodilation. These salivary components can be immunologically recognized by their vector's hosts and targeted with antibodies that might disrupt blood feeding. These antibodies can be used to detect vector exposure using immunoassays. Antibodies may also contribute to the fast evolution of the salivary cocktail.

Methodology: Salivary gland cDNA libraries from nymphal and adult T. infestans of breeding colonies originating from different locations (Argentina, Chile, Peru and Bolivia), and cDNA libraries originating from F1 populations of Bolivia, were sequenced using Illumina technology. Coding sequences (CDS) were extracted from the assembled reads, the numbers of reads mapped to these CDS, sequences were functionally annotated and polymorphisms determined.

Main findings/significance: Over five thousand CDS, mostly full length or near full length, were publicly deposited on GenBank. Transcripts that were over 10-fold overexpressed from different geographical regions, or from different developmental stages were identified. Polymorphisms were mapped to derived coding sequences, and found to vary between developmental instars and geographic origin of the biological material. This expanded sialome database from T. infestans should be of assistance in future proteomic work attempting to identify salivary proteins that might be used as epidemiological markers of vector exposure, or proteins of pharmacological interest.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Z score normalized heat map of the RPKM values of the 10 triatomine libraries.Results show only CDS having an overall RPKM equal or greater than 20, totaling 4,207 CDS for the Chilean (Chile), Argentinian (Arg), Peruvian (Peru), Bolivian F1 (BolNat) and Bolivian colony (BolCol)-derived libraries from adults (.A) or nymphal (.N) organisms.
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pntd-0003372-g001: Z score normalized heat map of the RPKM values of the 10 triatomine libraries.Results show only CDS having an overall RPKM equal or greater than 20, totaling 4,207 CDS for the Chilean (Chile), Argentinian (Arg), Peruvian (Peru), Bolivian F1 (BolNat) and Bolivian colony (BolCol)-derived libraries from adults (.A) or nymphal (.N) organisms.

Mentions: To obtain a general view of the differential transcriptome expression among the 10 libraries, we produced a hierarchical clustering-based heat map of average normalized RPKM values for the contigs with overall RPKM equal or larger than 20, totaling 4,207 CDS (Fig. 1). Notice that following normalization, the average row value is equal to one, with transcripts expressing above average having values above one and vice versa. The resulting clusterization is complex and shows that only a minority of the CDS have 4 or more units above average (represented by white or red color in the graph). Some of these transcript differences will be further highlighted in the following sections.


An updated insight into the Sialotranscriptome of Triatoma infestans: developmental stage and geographic variations.

Schwarz A, Medrano-Mercado N, Schaub GA, Struchiner CJ, Bargues MD, Levy MZ, Ribeiro JM - PLoS Negl Trop Dis (2014)

Z score normalized heat map of the RPKM values of the 10 triatomine libraries.Results show only CDS having an overall RPKM equal or greater than 20, totaling 4,207 CDS for the Chilean (Chile), Argentinian (Arg), Peruvian (Peru), Bolivian F1 (BolNat) and Bolivian colony (BolCol)-derived libraries from adults (.A) or nymphal (.N) organisms.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4256203&req=5

pntd-0003372-g001: Z score normalized heat map of the RPKM values of the 10 triatomine libraries.Results show only CDS having an overall RPKM equal or greater than 20, totaling 4,207 CDS for the Chilean (Chile), Argentinian (Arg), Peruvian (Peru), Bolivian F1 (BolNat) and Bolivian colony (BolCol)-derived libraries from adults (.A) or nymphal (.N) organisms.
Mentions: To obtain a general view of the differential transcriptome expression among the 10 libraries, we produced a hierarchical clustering-based heat map of average normalized RPKM values for the contigs with overall RPKM equal or larger than 20, totaling 4,207 CDS (Fig. 1). Notice that following normalization, the average row value is equal to one, with transcripts expressing above average having values above one and vice versa. The resulting clusterization is complex and shows that only a minority of the CDS have 4 or more units above average (represented by white or red color in the graph). Some of these transcript differences will be further highlighted in the following sections.

Bottom Line: Transcripts that were over 10-fold overexpressed from different geographical regions, or from different developmental stages were identified.Polymorphisms were mapped to derived coding sequences, and found to vary between developmental instars and geographic origin of the biological material.This expanded sialome database from T. infestans should be of assistance in future proteomic work attempting to identify salivary proteins that might be used as epidemiological markers of vector exposure, or proteins of pharmacological interest.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of Czech Republic, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic.

ABSTRACT

Background: Triatoma infestans is the main vector of Chagas disease in South America. As in all hematophagous arthropods, its saliva contains a complex cocktail that assists blood feeding by preventing platelet aggregation and blood clotting and promoting vasodilation. These salivary components can be immunologically recognized by their vector's hosts and targeted with antibodies that might disrupt blood feeding. These antibodies can be used to detect vector exposure using immunoassays. Antibodies may also contribute to the fast evolution of the salivary cocktail.

Methodology: Salivary gland cDNA libraries from nymphal and adult T. infestans of breeding colonies originating from different locations (Argentina, Chile, Peru and Bolivia), and cDNA libraries originating from F1 populations of Bolivia, were sequenced using Illumina technology. Coding sequences (CDS) were extracted from the assembled reads, the numbers of reads mapped to these CDS, sequences were functionally annotated and polymorphisms determined.

Main findings/significance: Over five thousand CDS, mostly full length or near full length, were publicly deposited on GenBank. Transcripts that were over 10-fold overexpressed from different geographical regions, or from different developmental stages were identified. Polymorphisms were mapped to derived coding sequences, and found to vary between developmental instars and geographic origin of the biological material. This expanded sialome database from T. infestans should be of assistance in future proteomic work attempting to identify salivary proteins that might be used as epidemiological markers of vector exposure, or proteins of pharmacological interest.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus