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Long-term prognostic value of admission haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Pusuroglu H, Akgul O, Cakmak HA, Erturk M, Surgit O, Celik O, Ozturk D, Uzun F, Akkaya E, Yildirim A - Postepy Kardiol Interwencyjnej (2014)

Bottom Line: The in-hospital, 1-month, and 1-year CV events of all 3 patient groups were followed up.A significant association was found between HbA1c level and 1-year primary clinical outcomes, including CV mortality, non-fatal reinfarction, and stroke (p = 0.037).In addition, age, Killip class > 1, and left ventricular ejection fraction were found to be independent predictors of long-term CV mortality in multivariate analysis (hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) 1.081 (1.020-1.146), 4.182 (1.171-14.935), and 0.832 (0.752-0.920); p = 0.009, p = 0.028, and p < 0.001, respectively).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Many studies have reported the diagnostic and prognostic value of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome. However, the short- and long-term prognostic value of HbA1c level in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is controversial.

Aim: To investigate whether admission HbA1c level has a prognostic value for in-hospital, short-, and long-term cardiovascular (CV) mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI.

Material and methods: This prospective study included 443 consecutive patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI between September 2010 and July 2012. The patients were divided into three groups based on admission HbA1c levels: group I (HbA1c ≤ 5.6%), group II (HbA1c 5.7-6.4%), and group III (HbA1c ≥ 6.5%). The in-hospital, 1-month, and 1-year CV events of all 3 patient groups were followed up.

Results: A significant association was found between HbA1c level and 1-year primary clinical outcomes, including CV mortality, non-fatal reinfarction, and stroke (p = 0.037). In addition, age, Killip class > 1, and left ventricular ejection fraction were found to be independent predictors of long-term CV mortality in multivariate analysis (hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) 1.081 (1.020-1.146), 4.182 (1.171-14.935), and 0.832 (0.752-0.920); p = 0.009, p = 0.028, and p < 0.001, respectively).

Conclusions: In this study, we demonstrated that increased admission HbA1c levels were associated with higher rates of major adverse CV events, including mortality, non-fatal reinfarction, and stroke, in patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI.

No MeSH data available.


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Comparison of 1-month adverse cardiovascular events among haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) groups
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Figure 0002: Comparison of 1-month adverse cardiovascular events among haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) groups

Mentions: The 1-month outcomes of the patients are reported in Table V. There were no differences between the three groups in terms of primary clinical outcomes (p > 0.219). The rate of TVR was found to be significantly more frequent in group III than in group I (p = 0.045), but it was not statistically different between group III and II (Figure 5). However, the rate of stroke was higher in the lowest HbA1c group (p = 0.036) (Figure 2).


Long-term prognostic value of admission haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Pusuroglu H, Akgul O, Cakmak HA, Erturk M, Surgit O, Celik O, Ozturk D, Uzun F, Akkaya E, Yildirim A - Postepy Kardiol Interwencyjnej (2014)

Comparison of 1-month adverse cardiovascular events among haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) groups
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4252307&req=5

Figure 0002: Comparison of 1-month adverse cardiovascular events among haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) groups
Mentions: The 1-month outcomes of the patients are reported in Table V. There were no differences between the three groups in terms of primary clinical outcomes (p > 0.219). The rate of TVR was found to be significantly more frequent in group III than in group I (p = 0.045), but it was not statistically different between group III and II (Figure 5). However, the rate of stroke was higher in the lowest HbA1c group (p = 0.036) (Figure 2).

Bottom Line: The in-hospital, 1-month, and 1-year CV events of all 3 patient groups were followed up.A significant association was found between HbA1c level and 1-year primary clinical outcomes, including CV mortality, non-fatal reinfarction, and stroke (p = 0.037).In addition, age, Killip class > 1, and left ventricular ejection fraction were found to be independent predictors of long-term CV mortality in multivariate analysis (hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) 1.081 (1.020-1.146), 4.182 (1.171-14.935), and 0.832 (0.752-0.920); p = 0.009, p = 0.028, and p < 0.001, respectively).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Many studies have reported the diagnostic and prognostic value of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome. However, the short- and long-term prognostic value of HbA1c level in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is controversial.

Aim: To investigate whether admission HbA1c level has a prognostic value for in-hospital, short-, and long-term cardiovascular (CV) mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI.

Material and methods: This prospective study included 443 consecutive patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI between September 2010 and July 2012. The patients were divided into three groups based on admission HbA1c levels: group I (HbA1c ≤ 5.6%), group II (HbA1c 5.7-6.4%), and group III (HbA1c ≥ 6.5%). The in-hospital, 1-month, and 1-year CV events of all 3 patient groups were followed up.

Results: A significant association was found between HbA1c level and 1-year primary clinical outcomes, including CV mortality, non-fatal reinfarction, and stroke (p = 0.037). In addition, age, Killip class > 1, and left ventricular ejection fraction were found to be independent predictors of long-term CV mortality in multivariate analysis (hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) 1.081 (1.020-1.146), 4.182 (1.171-14.935), and 0.832 (0.752-0.920); p = 0.009, p = 0.028, and p < 0.001, respectively).

Conclusions: In this study, we demonstrated that increased admission HbA1c levels were associated with higher rates of major adverse CV events, including mortality, non-fatal reinfarction, and stroke, in patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus