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Impact of fungicide mancozeb at different application rates on soil microbial populations, soil biological processes, and enzyme activities in soil.

Walia A, Mehta P, Guleria S, Chauhan A, Shirkot CK - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

Bottom Line: Similar results were observed for nitrifying and ammonifying bacteria.Soil enzymes, that is, amylase, invertase, and phosphatase showed adverse and disruptive effect when mancozeb used was above 10 ppm in unamended soil.These results conclude that, to lessen the harmful effects in soil biological processes caused by this fungicide, addition of higher amount of nitrogen based fertilizers is required.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Basic Sciences (Microbiology Section), Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan 173230, India.

ABSTRACT
The use of fungicides is the continuous exercise particularly in orchard crops where fungal diseases, such as white root rot, have the potential to destroy horticultural crops rendering them unsaleable. In view of above problem, the present study examines the effect of different concentrations of mancozeb (0-2000 ppm) at different incubation periods for their harmful side effects on various microbiological processes, soil microflora, and soil enzymes in alluvial soil (pH 6.8) collected from apple orchards of Shimla in Himachal Pradesh (India). Low concentrations of mancozeb were found to be deleterious towards fungal and actinomycetes population while higher concentrations (1000 and 2000 ppm) were found to be detrimental to soil bacteria. Mancozeb impaired the process of ammonification and nitrification. Similar results were observed for nitrifying and ammonifying bacteria. Phosphorus solubilization was increased by higher concentration of mancozeb, that is, 250 ppm and above. In unamended soil, microbial biomass carbon and carbon mineralization were adversely affected by mancozeb. Soil enzymes, that is, amylase, invertase, and phosphatase showed adverse and disruptive effect when mancozeb used was above 10 ppm in unamended soil. These results conclude that, to lessen the harmful effects in soil biological processes caused by this fungicide, addition of higher amount of nitrogen based fertilizers is required.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Effect of mancozeb on amylase in soil.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig8: Effect of mancozeb on amylase in soil.

Mentions: Amylase activity (Figure 8) at 10 ppm mancozeb concentration was significantly increased over the control. Increase in mancozeb concentration above 10 ppm decreased average amylase activity. Average amylase activity decreased significantly with increase in incubation period irrespective of mancozeb concentrations.


Impact of fungicide mancozeb at different application rates on soil microbial populations, soil biological processes, and enzyme activities in soil.

Walia A, Mehta P, Guleria S, Chauhan A, Shirkot CK - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

Effect of mancozeb on amylase in soil.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4248338&req=5

fig8: Effect of mancozeb on amylase in soil.
Mentions: Amylase activity (Figure 8) at 10 ppm mancozeb concentration was significantly increased over the control. Increase in mancozeb concentration above 10 ppm decreased average amylase activity. Average amylase activity decreased significantly with increase in incubation period irrespective of mancozeb concentrations.

Bottom Line: Similar results were observed for nitrifying and ammonifying bacteria.Soil enzymes, that is, amylase, invertase, and phosphatase showed adverse and disruptive effect when mancozeb used was above 10 ppm in unamended soil.These results conclude that, to lessen the harmful effects in soil biological processes caused by this fungicide, addition of higher amount of nitrogen based fertilizers is required.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Basic Sciences (Microbiology Section), Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan 173230, India.

ABSTRACT
The use of fungicides is the continuous exercise particularly in orchard crops where fungal diseases, such as white root rot, have the potential to destroy horticultural crops rendering them unsaleable. In view of above problem, the present study examines the effect of different concentrations of mancozeb (0-2000 ppm) at different incubation periods for their harmful side effects on various microbiological processes, soil microflora, and soil enzymes in alluvial soil (pH 6.8) collected from apple orchards of Shimla in Himachal Pradesh (India). Low concentrations of mancozeb were found to be deleterious towards fungal and actinomycetes population while higher concentrations (1000 and 2000 ppm) were found to be detrimental to soil bacteria. Mancozeb impaired the process of ammonification and nitrification. Similar results were observed for nitrifying and ammonifying bacteria. Phosphorus solubilization was increased by higher concentration of mancozeb, that is, 250 ppm and above. In unamended soil, microbial biomass carbon and carbon mineralization were adversely affected by mancozeb. Soil enzymes, that is, amylase, invertase, and phosphatase showed adverse and disruptive effect when mancozeb used was above 10 ppm in unamended soil. These results conclude that, to lessen the harmful effects in soil biological processes caused by this fungicide, addition of higher amount of nitrogen based fertilizers is required.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus