Are interventions for low-income groups effective in changing healthy eating, physical activity and smoking behaviours? A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Bottom Line: Systematic review with random effects meta-analyses.Behaviour change interventions for low-income groups had small positive effects on healthy eating, physical activity and smoking.Further work is needed to improve the effectiveness of behaviour change interventions for deprived populations.
Affiliation: NHS Grampian Public Health Directorate, Aberdeen, UK.Show MeSH
Mentions: Twelve physical activity interventions yielded an SMD of 0.21 (95% CI 0.06 to 0.36, I2=76%; figure 3). Three interventions provided longer term follow-up data 6–8 months postbaseline with a combined SMD of 0.17 (95% CI −0.02 to 0.37, I2=0%).
Affiliation: NHS Grampian Public Health Directorate, Aberdeen, UK.