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A biodiversity indicators dashboard: addressing challenges to monitoring progress towards the Aichi biodiversity targets using disaggregated global data.

Han X, Smyth RL, Young BE, Brooks TM, Sánchez de Lozada A, Bubb P, Butchart SH, Larsen FW, Hamilton H, Hansen MC, Turner WR - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: Recognizing the imperiled status of biodiversity and its benefit to human well-being, the world's governments committed in 2010 to take effective and urgent action to halt biodiversity loss through the Convention on Biological Diversity's "Aichi Targets".We structured this dashboard around the Pressure-State-Response-Benefit framework, selecting four indicators to measure pressure on biodiversity (deforestation rate), state of species (Red List Index), conservation response (protection of key biodiversity areas), and benefits to human populations (freshwater provision).These visualizations provide charts showing regional and national trends and lay the foundation for a web-enabled, interactive biodiversity indicators dashboard.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, United States of America; Department of Environmental Science and Policy, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
Recognizing the imperiled status of biodiversity and its benefit to human well-being, the world's governments committed in 2010 to take effective and urgent action to halt biodiversity loss through the Convention on Biological Diversity's "Aichi Targets". These targets, and many conservation programs, require monitoring to assess progress toward specific goals. However, comprehensive and easily understood information on biodiversity trends at appropriate spatial scales is often not available to the policy makers, managers, and scientists who require it. We surveyed conservation stakeholders in three geographically diverse regions of critical biodiversity concern (the Tropical Andes, the African Great Lakes, and the Greater Mekong) and found high demand for biodiversity indicator information but uneven availability. To begin to address this need, we present a biodiversity "dashboard"--a visualization of biodiversity indicators designed to enable tracking of biodiversity and conservation performance data in a clear, user-friendly format. This builds on previous, more conceptual, indicator work to create an operationalized online interface communicating multiple indicators at multiple spatial scales. We structured this dashboard around the Pressure-State-Response-Benefit framework, selecting four indicators to measure pressure on biodiversity (deforestation rate), state of species (Red List Index), conservation response (protection of key biodiversity areas), and benefits to human populations (freshwater provision). Disaggregating global data, we present dashboard maps and graphics for the three regions surveyed and their component countries. These visualizations provide charts showing regional and national trends and lay the foundation for a web-enabled, interactive biodiversity indicators dashboard. This new tool can help track progress toward the Aichi Targets, support national monitoring and reporting, and inform outcome-based policy-making for the protection of natural resources.

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Dashboard indicator trend results.Annual rate of (A) Gross Forest Cover Loss (2000–2005); (B) Change in Red List Index as a measure of extinction risk (change for all species of mammals, birds, and amphibians; 1980–2008); and (C) Change of Protected Area Coverage of Key Biodiversity Areas (1980–2010).
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pone-0112046-g006: Dashboard indicator trend results.Annual rate of (A) Gross Forest Cover Loss (2000–2005); (B) Change in Red List Index as a measure of extinction risk (change for all species of mammals, birds, and amphibians; 1980–2008); and (C) Change of Protected Area Coverage of Key Biodiversity Areas (1980–2010).

Mentions: Together, the dashboard graphics present a picture of the current status (Figure 5) and trends (Figure 6) in biodiversity. Baseline data show large geographical variation in the status of forest cover. National forest coverage is the lowest in Kenya (7.47%), and the highest in D. R. Congo (71.18%) and Lao P.D.R. (69.06%) (Table 3 and Figure 5A). The baseline Red List Index reveals high species extinction risk in Tropical Andes for all taxa (0.89), with variations among countries and among taxonomic groups (Table 3). The conservation response, measured as the average percentage of key biodiversity areas under protection, varies somewhat among regions (44% in the Tropical Andes, 63% in the African Great Lakes region, and 49% in the Greater Mekong as of 2010) but the dashboard shows larger differences at national levels, with lows in Mozambique (20%), Ethiopia (25%), Peru (25%), Vietnam (34%) and Myanmar (35%), and highs in Burundi (100%), Malawi (88%), Venezuela (79%) and Thailand (73%) (Table 3 and Figure 5C). Similarly, baseline data for freshwater provision show large national differences (Figure 5D), with Burundi, Rwanda, Vietnam, and China standing out as areas of high importance.


A biodiversity indicators dashboard: addressing challenges to monitoring progress towards the Aichi biodiversity targets using disaggregated global data.

Han X, Smyth RL, Young BE, Brooks TM, Sánchez de Lozada A, Bubb P, Butchart SH, Larsen FW, Hamilton H, Hansen MC, Turner WR - PLoS ONE (2014)

Dashboard indicator trend results.Annual rate of (A) Gross Forest Cover Loss (2000–2005); (B) Change in Red List Index as a measure of extinction risk (change for all species of mammals, birds, and amphibians; 1980–2008); and (C) Change of Protected Area Coverage of Key Biodiversity Areas (1980–2010).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4237332&req=5

pone-0112046-g006: Dashboard indicator trend results.Annual rate of (A) Gross Forest Cover Loss (2000–2005); (B) Change in Red List Index as a measure of extinction risk (change for all species of mammals, birds, and amphibians; 1980–2008); and (C) Change of Protected Area Coverage of Key Biodiversity Areas (1980–2010).
Mentions: Together, the dashboard graphics present a picture of the current status (Figure 5) and trends (Figure 6) in biodiversity. Baseline data show large geographical variation in the status of forest cover. National forest coverage is the lowest in Kenya (7.47%), and the highest in D. R. Congo (71.18%) and Lao P.D.R. (69.06%) (Table 3 and Figure 5A). The baseline Red List Index reveals high species extinction risk in Tropical Andes for all taxa (0.89), with variations among countries and among taxonomic groups (Table 3). The conservation response, measured as the average percentage of key biodiversity areas under protection, varies somewhat among regions (44% in the Tropical Andes, 63% in the African Great Lakes region, and 49% in the Greater Mekong as of 2010) but the dashboard shows larger differences at national levels, with lows in Mozambique (20%), Ethiopia (25%), Peru (25%), Vietnam (34%) and Myanmar (35%), and highs in Burundi (100%), Malawi (88%), Venezuela (79%) and Thailand (73%) (Table 3 and Figure 5C). Similarly, baseline data for freshwater provision show large national differences (Figure 5D), with Burundi, Rwanda, Vietnam, and China standing out as areas of high importance.

Bottom Line: Recognizing the imperiled status of biodiversity and its benefit to human well-being, the world's governments committed in 2010 to take effective and urgent action to halt biodiversity loss through the Convention on Biological Diversity's "Aichi Targets".We structured this dashboard around the Pressure-State-Response-Benefit framework, selecting four indicators to measure pressure on biodiversity (deforestation rate), state of species (Red List Index), conservation response (protection of key biodiversity areas), and benefits to human populations (freshwater provision).These visualizations provide charts showing regional and national trends and lay the foundation for a web-enabled, interactive biodiversity indicators dashboard.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, United States of America; Department of Environmental Science and Policy, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
Recognizing the imperiled status of biodiversity and its benefit to human well-being, the world's governments committed in 2010 to take effective and urgent action to halt biodiversity loss through the Convention on Biological Diversity's "Aichi Targets". These targets, and many conservation programs, require monitoring to assess progress toward specific goals. However, comprehensive and easily understood information on biodiversity trends at appropriate spatial scales is often not available to the policy makers, managers, and scientists who require it. We surveyed conservation stakeholders in three geographically diverse regions of critical biodiversity concern (the Tropical Andes, the African Great Lakes, and the Greater Mekong) and found high demand for biodiversity indicator information but uneven availability. To begin to address this need, we present a biodiversity "dashboard"--a visualization of biodiversity indicators designed to enable tracking of biodiversity and conservation performance data in a clear, user-friendly format. This builds on previous, more conceptual, indicator work to create an operationalized online interface communicating multiple indicators at multiple spatial scales. We structured this dashboard around the Pressure-State-Response-Benefit framework, selecting four indicators to measure pressure on biodiversity (deforestation rate), state of species (Red List Index), conservation response (protection of key biodiversity areas), and benefits to human populations (freshwater provision). Disaggregating global data, we present dashboard maps and graphics for the three regions surveyed and their component countries. These visualizations provide charts showing regional and national trends and lay the foundation for a web-enabled, interactive biodiversity indicators dashboard. This new tool can help track progress toward the Aichi Targets, support national monitoring and reporting, and inform outcome-based policy-making for the protection of natural resources.

Show MeSH