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Amphibians of Serra Bonita, southern Bahia: a new hotpoint within Brazil's Atlantic Forest hotspot.

Dias IR, Medeiros TT, Vila Nova MF, Solé M - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: Near 36% of the species were found in strictly forest environments, 15% are endemic to Bahia State and 77.2% are endemic to the Atlantic Forest biome.The large species diversity of this small area, the high degree of endemism and the taxonomic and biogeographic significance turn the Serra Bonita mountain into a hotpoint for amphibians within Brazil's Atlantic Forest hotspot.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Rodovia Jorge Amado, km, 16, 45662-900 Ilhéus, Bahia, Brasil ; Graduate Program in Applied Zoology, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Rodovia Jorge Amado, km 16, 45662-900 Ilhéus, Bahia, Brasil.

ABSTRACT
We studied the amphibian community of the Private Reserve of Natural Heritage (RPPN) Serra Bonita, an area of 20 km(2) with steep altitudinal gradients (200-950 m a.s.l.) located in the municipalities of Camacan and Pau-Brasil, southern Bahia State, Brazil. Data were obtained at 38 sampling sites (including ponds and transects within the forest and in streams), through active and visual and acoustic searches, pitfall traps, and opportunistic encounters. We recorded 80 amphibian species distributed in 15 families: Aromobatidae (1), Brachycephalidae (3), Bufonidae (4), Centrolenidae (2), Ceratophryidae (1), Craugastoridae (7), Eleutherodactylidae (2), Hemiphractidae (2), Hylidae (42), Hylodidae (1), Leptodactylidae (7), Microhylidae (3), Siphonopidae (1), Odontophrynidae (3) and Pipidae (1). Species richness was positively correlated with monthly rainfall. Near 36% of the species were found in strictly forest environments, 15% are endemic to Bahia State and 77.2% are endemic to the Atlantic Forest biome. The large species diversity of this small area, the high degree of endemism and the taxonomic and biogeographic significance turn the Serra Bonita mountain into a hotpoint for amphibians within Brazil's Atlantic Forest hotspot.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Anurans from the RPPN Serra Bonita, Bahia State, Northeastern Brazil. aPhysalaemuscamacanbPhysalaemuserikaecChiasmocleiscrucisdStereocyclopshistrioeStereocyclopsincrassatusfOdontophrynuscarvalhoigProceratophrysrenalishProceratophrysschirchi and iSiphonopsannulatus. Photos by I. R. Dias.
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Figure 6: Anurans from the RPPN Serra Bonita, Bahia State, Northeastern Brazil. aPhysalaemuscamacanbPhysalaemuserikaecChiasmocleiscrucisdStereocyclopshistrioeStereocyclopsincrassatusfOdontophrynuscarvalhoigProceratophrysrenalishProceratophrysschirchi and iSiphonopsannulatus. Photos by I. R. Dias.

Mentions: Eighty amphibian species were found in the RPPN Serra Bonita: a single species of Gymnophiona (Siphonopsannulatus – Siphonopidae) and 79 species of anurans, allocated into 14 families (Table 1; Figures 3–6). The species richness observed in the Serra Bonita mountain is the second highest recorded for the Atlantic Forest biome and almost doubles those found in other locations in the State of Bahia (Table 2). It is noteworthy that only the Ecological Reserve of Michelin had a similar sampling effort as the one applied to our study in the state of Bahia.


Amphibians of Serra Bonita, southern Bahia: a new hotpoint within Brazil's Atlantic Forest hotspot.

Dias IR, Medeiros TT, Vila Nova MF, Solé M - Zookeys (2014)

Anurans from the RPPN Serra Bonita, Bahia State, Northeastern Brazil. aPhysalaemuscamacanbPhysalaemuserikaecChiasmocleiscrucisdStereocyclopshistrioeStereocyclopsincrassatusfOdontophrynuscarvalhoigProceratophrysrenalishProceratophrysschirchi and iSiphonopsannulatus. Photos by I. R. Dias.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4233400&req=5

Figure 6: Anurans from the RPPN Serra Bonita, Bahia State, Northeastern Brazil. aPhysalaemuscamacanbPhysalaemuserikaecChiasmocleiscrucisdStereocyclopshistrioeStereocyclopsincrassatusfOdontophrynuscarvalhoigProceratophrysrenalishProceratophrysschirchi and iSiphonopsannulatus. Photos by I. R. Dias.
Mentions: Eighty amphibian species were found in the RPPN Serra Bonita: a single species of Gymnophiona (Siphonopsannulatus – Siphonopidae) and 79 species of anurans, allocated into 14 families (Table 1; Figures 3–6). The species richness observed in the Serra Bonita mountain is the second highest recorded for the Atlantic Forest biome and almost doubles those found in other locations in the State of Bahia (Table 2). It is noteworthy that only the Ecological Reserve of Michelin had a similar sampling effort as the one applied to our study in the state of Bahia.

Bottom Line: Near 36% of the species were found in strictly forest environments, 15% are endemic to Bahia State and 77.2% are endemic to the Atlantic Forest biome.The large species diversity of this small area, the high degree of endemism and the taxonomic and biogeographic significance turn the Serra Bonita mountain into a hotpoint for amphibians within Brazil's Atlantic Forest hotspot.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Rodovia Jorge Amado, km, 16, 45662-900 Ilhéus, Bahia, Brasil ; Graduate Program in Applied Zoology, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Rodovia Jorge Amado, km 16, 45662-900 Ilhéus, Bahia, Brasil.

ABSTRACT
We studied the amphibian community of the Private Reserve of Natural Heritage (RPPN) Serra Bonita, an area of 20 km(2) with steep altitudinal gradients (200-950 m a.s.l.) located in the municipalities of Camacan and Pau-Brasil, southern Bahia State, Brazil. Data were obtained at 38 sampling sites (including ponds and transects within the forest and in streams), through active and visual and acoustic searches, pitfall traps, and opportunistic encounters. We recorded 80 amphibian species distributed in 15 families: Aromobatidae (1), Brachycephalidae (3), Bufonidae (4), Centrolenidae (2), Ceratophryidae (1), Craugastoridae (7), Eleutherodactylidae (2), Hemiphractidae (2), Hylidae (42), Hylodidae (1), Leptodactylidae (7), Microhylidae (3), Siphonopidae (1), Odontophrynidae (3) and Pipidae (1). Species richness was positively correlated with monthly rainfall. Near 36% of the species were found in strictly forest environments, 15% are endemic to Bahia State and 77.2% are endemic to the Atlantic Forest biome. The large species diversity of this small area, the high degree of endemism and the taxonomic and biogeographic significance turn the Serra Bonita mountain into a hotpoint for amphibians within Brazil's Atlantic Forest hotspot.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus