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Associations of physical activity with sleep satisfaction, perceived stress, and problematic Internet use in Korean adolescents.

Park S - BMC Public Health (2014)

Bottom Line: Physically active subjects were more likely to express satisfaction with their sleep (AOR = 1.13; 95% CI = 1.08, 1.18), less likely to feel stress in their lives (AOR = 0.89, 95% CI = 0.86, 0.93), and less likely to be a problematic Internet user (AOR = 0.78; 95% CI = 0.73, 0.82) compared to physically inactive subjects.The Sobel test revealed that the inverse association between PA and problematic Internet use was partially mediated by increased sleep satisfaction or decreased perceived stress (Z = -4.315, p = 0.001).The results of the present study indicate a negative association between level of physical activity and risk of problematic Internet use via the mediation of sleep satisfaction and stress in Korean adolescents.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National Hospital 398, Neungdong-ro, Gwangin-gu, Seoul 143-711, South Korea. subin-21@hanmail.net.

ABSTRACT

Background: The association of physical activity (PA) with sleep quality, perceived stress, and problematic Internet use was examined in a nationwide sample of Korean adolescents.

Methods: Data from the 2010 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey collected from 73,238 Korean adolescents aged 12-18 years (mean age 15.06 ± 1.75 years) were analyzed. Participants were asked to rate the frequency with which they engaged in moderate and vigorous PA per week. The risk of problematic Internet use was assessed with the Korean Internet Addiction Proneness Scale for Youth-Short Form. Self-report questionnaires were used to assess levels of sleep satisfaction and perceived stress. The associations of PA with sleep satisfaction, perceived stress, and problematic Internet use were assessed with multiple logistic regression analysis. Then, the Sobel test was used to explore the mediation of the relationship between PA and problematic Internet use by sleep satisfaction and stress.

Results: Physically active subjects were more likely to express satisfaction with their sleep (AOR = 1.13; 95% CI = 1.08, 1.18), less likely to feel stress in their lives (AOR = 0.89, 95% CI = 0.86, 0.93), and less likely to be a problematic Internet user (AOR = 0.78; 95% CI = 0.73, 0.82) compared to physically inactive subjects. The Sobel test revealed that the inverse association between PA and problematic Internet use was partially mediated by increased sleep satisfaction or decreased perceived stress (Z = -4.315, p = 0.001).

Conclusions: The results of the present study indicate a negative association between level of physical activity and risk of problematic Internet use via the mediation of sleep satisfaction and stress in Korean adolescents. Physical activity may be helpful to improve adolescent mental health.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Associations [Bcoefficients (SE)] between physical activity, perceived stress, sleep satisfaction, and problematic internet use. Footnote: Sobel test was used (Z = −4.315, p < 0.001).*p < 0.05, **p < 0.001.
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Fig1: Associations [Bcoefficients (SE)] between physical activity, perceived stress, sleep satisfaction, and problematic internet use. Footnote: Sobel test was used (Z = −4.315, p < 0.001).*p < 0.05, **p < 0.001.

Mentions: The Sobel test showed that the inverse association between PA and problematic Internet use was partially mediated by increased sleep satisfaction or decreased perceived stress (Z = −4.315, p < 0.001). As shown in Figure 1, PA predicted higher levels of sleep satisfaction (unstandardized coefficients, B = 0.17; 95% CI = 0.15, 0.19; P < 0.001), which predicted lower KS scale scores (B = −0.47; 95% CI = −0.53, −0.39; P < 0.001). PA also predicted lower levels of perceived stress (B = −0.17; 95% CI = −0.19, −0.16; P < 0.001), which predicted lower KS scale scores (B = 1.38; 95% CI = 1.29, 1.45; P < 0.001). In addition to these indirect effects via increased sleep satisfaction and reduced perceived stress, PA directly predicted lower scores for problematic Internet use (B = −0.14, 95% CI = −0.28, −0.02; P = 0.049), but this direct effect was much less significant than was its indirect effect through perceived sleep and stress (B = −0.31, 95% CI = −0.34, −0.29; P = 0.003).Figure 1


Associations of physical activity with sleep satisfaction, perceived stress, and problematic Internet use in Korean adolescents.

Park S - BMC Public Health (2014)

Associations [Bcoefficients (SE)] between physical activity, perceived stress, sleep satisfaction, and problematic internet use. Footnote: Sobel test was used (Z = −4.315, p < 0.001).*p < 0.05, **p < 0.001.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4233098&req=5

Fig1: Associations [Bcoefficients (SE)] between physical activity, perceived stress, sleep satisfaction, and problematic internet use. Footnote: Sobel test was used (Z = −4.315, p < 0.001).*p < 0.05, **p < 0.001.
Mentions: The Sobel test showed that the inverse association between PA and problematic Internet use was partially mediated by increased sleep satisfaction or decreased perceived stress (Z = −4.315, p < 0.001). As shown in Figure 1, PA predicted higher levels of sleep satisfaction (unstandardized coefficients, B = 0.17; 95% CI = 0.15, 0.19; P < 0.001), which predicted lower KS scale scores (B = −0.47; 95% CI = −0.53, −0.39; P < 0.001). PA also predicted lower levels of perceived stress (B = −0.17; 95% CI = −0.19, −0.16; P < 0.001), which predicted lower KS scale scores (B = 1.38; 95% CI = 1.29, 1.45; P < 0.001). In addition to these indirect effects via increased sleep satisfaction and reduced perceived stress, PA directly predicted lower scores for problematic Internet use (B = −0.14, 95% CI = −0.28, −0.02; P = 0.049), but this direct effect was much less significant than was its indirect effect through perceived sleep and stress (B = −0.31, 95% CI = −0.34, −0.29; P = 0.003).Figure 1

Bottom Line: Physically active subjects were more likely to express satisfaction with their sleep (AOR = 1.13; 95% CI = 1.08, 1.18), less likely to feel stress in their lives (AOR = 0.89, 95% CI = 0.86, 0.93), and less likely to be a problematic Internet user (AOR = 0.78; 95% CI = 0.73, 0.82) compared to physically inactive subjects.The Sobel test revealed that the inverse association between PA and problematic Internet use was partially mediated by increased sleep satisfaction or decreased perceived stress (Z = -4.315, p = 0.001).The results of the present study indicate a negative association between level of physical activity and risk of problematic Internet use via the mediation of sleep satisfaction and stress in Korean adolescents.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National Hospital 398, Neungdong-ro, Gwangin-gu, Seoul 143-711, South Korea. subin-21@hanmail.net.

ABSTRACT

Background: The association of physical activity (PA) with sleep quality, perceived stress, and problematic Internet use was examined in a nationwide sample of Korean adolescents.

Methods: Data from the 2010 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey collected from 73,238 Korean adolescents aged 12-18 years (mean age 15.06 ± 1.75 years) were analyzed. Participants were asked to rate the frequency with which they engaged in moderate and vigorous PA per week. The risk of problematic Internet use was assessed with the Korean Internet Addiction Proneness Scale for Youth-Short Form. Self-report questionnaires were used to assess levels of sleep satisfaction and perceived stress. The associations of PA with sleep satisfaction, perceived stress, and problematic Internet use were assessed with multiple logistic regression analysis. Then, the Sobel test was used to explore the mediation of the relationship between PA and problematic Internet use by sleep satisfaction and stress.

Results: Physically active subjects were more likely to express satisfaction with their sleep (AOR = 1.13; 95% CI = 1.08, 1.18), less likely to feel stress in their lives (AOR = 0.89, 95% CI = 0.86, 0.93), and less likely to be a problematic Internet user (AOR = 0.78; 95% CI = 0.73, 0.82) compared to physically inactive subjects. The Sobel test revealed that the inverse association between PA and problematic Internet use was partially mediated by increased sleep satisfaction or decreased perceived stress (Z = -4.315, p = 0.001).

Conclusions: The results of the present study indicate a negative association between level of physical activity and risk of problematic Internet use via the mediation of sleep satisfaction and stress in Korean adolescents. Physical activity may be helpful to improve adolescent mental health.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus