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Notch2 controls prolactin and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 expression in decidualizing human stromal cells of early pregnancy.

Otti GR, Saleh L, Velicky P, Fiala C, Pollheimer J, Knöfler M - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: In contrast, treatment of HDSC with a chemical Notch/γ-secretase inhibitor decreased cAMP/E2P4-stimulated Notch luciferase activity, HES1 transcript levels and mRNA expression of the decidual marker genes prolactin (PRL) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1 (IGFBP1).Similarly, siRNA-mediated gene silencing or antibody-mediated blocking of Notch2 diminished HES1, PRL and IGFBP1 mRNA levels as well as secreted PRL protein.In summary, the data suggest that canonical, Notch2-dependent signaling plays a role in human decidualization.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Obstetrics and Fetal-Maternal Medicine, Reproductive Biology Unit, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

ABSTRACT
Decidualization, the transformation of the human uterine mucosa into the endometrium of pregnancy, is critical for successful implantation and embryonic development. However, key regulatory factors controlling differentiation of uterine stromal cells into hormone-secreting decidual cells have not been fully elucidated. Hence, we herein investigated the role of the Notch signaling pathway in human decidual stromal cells (HDSC) isolated from early pregnancy samples. Immunofluorescence of first trimester decidual tissues revealed expression of Notch2 receptor and its putative, membrane-anchored interaction partners Jagged1, Delta-like (DLL) 1 and DLL4 in stromal cells whereas other Notch receptors and ligands were absent from these cells. During in vitro differentiation with estrogen/progesterone (E2P4) and/or cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) HDSC constitutively expressed Notch2 and weakly downregulated Jagged1 mRNA and protein, measured by quantitative PCR (qPCR) and Western blotting, respectively. However, increased levels of DLL1 and DLL4 were observed in the decidualizing cultures. Transfection of a Notch luciferase reporter and qPCR of the Notch target gene hairy and enhancer of split 1 (HES1) revealed an induction of canonical Notch activity during in vitro differentiation. In contrast, treatment of HDSC with a chemical Notch/γ-secretase inhibitor decreased cAMP/E2P4-stimulated Notch luciferase activity, HES1 transcript levels and mRNA expression of the decidual marker genes prolactin (PRL) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1 (IGFBP1). Similarly, siRNA-mediated gene silencing or antibody-mediated blocking of Notch2 diminished HES1, PRL and IGFBP1 mRNA levels as well as secreted PRL protein. In summary, the data suggest that canonical, Notch2-dependent signaling plays a role in human decidualization.

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Downregulation of canonical Notch activity and Notch2 protein expression in HDSC.Cells were cultured in the absence or presence of Notch2 blocking antibodies (Notch2 ab) (A) or si-RNAs targeting Notch2 (si-Notch2) (B). (A) Luciferase activity of the canonical Notch reporter in the presence of Notch2 ab or IgG controls. Reporter expression was normalized to constitutive β-Gal activity. Mean values ± S.D. of 3 experiments performed in duplicates are shown. IgG ctrl, IgG control; * indicates p≤0.05 compared to IgG-treated n.c. Significant changes (*, p≤0.05) between DAPT-treated (open bars) and untreated (black bars) cells are indicated by brackets. (B) Western blot showing Notch2 protein expression in siRNA-treated HDSC. Specific Notch2 signals are marked by an arrow (110 kDa). GAPDH was used as a loading control. Representative examples of 3 independent experiments are depicted. Lower panel shows the densitometrical quantification calculated from 3 independent experiments. si-ntc, si-non targeting control. * indicates p≤0.05 compared to si-ntc of the same day.
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pone-0112723-g005: Downregulation of canonical Notch activity and Notch2 protein expression in HDSC.Cells were cultured in the absence or presence of Notch2 blocking antibodies (Notch2 ab) (A) or si-RNAs targeting Notch2 (si-Notch2) (B). (A) Luciferase activity of the canonical Notch reporter in the presence of Notch2 ab or IgG controls. Reporter expression was normalized to constitutive β-Gal activity. Mean values ± S.D. of 3 experiments performed in duplicates are shown. IgG ctrl, IgG control; * indicates p≤0.05 compared to IgG-treated n.c. Significant changes (*, p≤0.05) between DAPT-treated (open bars) and untreated (black bars) cells are indicated by brackets. (B) Western blot showing Notch2 protein expression in siRNA-treated HDSC. Specific Notch2 signals are marked by an arrow (110 kDa). GAPDH was used as a loading control. Representative examples of 3 independent experiments are depicted. Lower panel shows the densitometrical quantification calculated from 3 independent experiments. si-ntc, si-non targeting control. * indicates p≤0.05 compared to si-ntc of the same day.

Mentions: Data shown above suggested that canonical Notch signaling could regulate decidual differentiation via Notch2, since the latter was the only receptor present in decidual stromal cells of tissues and in isolated HDSC. To verify this hypothesis, specific Notch2 blocking [24] or IgG control antibodies were added to HDSC transfected with the canonical Notch reporter (Fig. 5A). Analyses of luciferase activity revealed that, similar to the DAPT treatment, basal and cAMP/E2P4-induced Notch reporter expression was suppressed in the presence of Notch2 blocking antibodies. As a second approach to abolish Notch activity in HDSC, Notch2 was downregulated by siRNA-mediated gene silencing (Fig. 5B). Western blotting and densitometrical quantification of signals indicated maximal downregulation of Notch2 after 7 days of incubation with the specific siRNA.


Notch2 controls prolactin and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 expression in decidualizing human stromal cells of early pregnancy.

Otti GR, Saleh L, Velicky P, Fiala C, Pollheimer J, Knöfler M - PLoS ONE (2014)

Downregulation of canonical Notch activity and Notch2 protein expression in HDSC.Cells were cultured in the absence or presence of Notch2 blocking antibodies (Notch2 ab) (A) or si-RNAs targeting Notch2 (si-Notch2) (B). (A) Luciferase activity of the canonical Notch reporter in the presence of Notch2 ab or IgG controls. Reporter expression was normalized to constitutive β-Gal activity. Mean values ± S.D. of 3 experiments performed in duplicates are shown. IgG ctrl, IgG control; * indicates p≤0.05 compared to IgG-treated n.c. Significant changes (*, p≤0.05) between DAPT-treated (open bars) and untreated (black bars) cells are indicated by brackets. (B) Western blot showing Notch2 protein expression in siRNA-treated HDSC. Specific Notch2 signals are marked by an arrow (110 kDa). GAPDH was used as a loading control. Representative examples of 3 independent experiments are depicted. Lower panel shows the densitometrical quantification calculated from 3 independent experiments. si-ntc, si-non targeting control. * indicates p≤0.05 compared to si-ntc of the same day.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Show All Figures
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pone-0112723-g005: Downregulation of canonical Notch activity and Notch2 protein expression in HDSC.Cells were cultured in the absence or presence of Notch2 blocking antibodies (Notch2 ab) (A) or si-RNAs targeting Notch2 (si-Notch2) (B). (A) Luciferase activity of the canonical Notch reporter in the presence of Notch2 ab or IgG controls. Reporter expression was normalized to constitutive β-Gal activity. Mean values ± S.D. of 3 experiments performed in duplicates are shown. IgG ctrl, IgG control; * indicates p≤0.05 compared to IgG-treated n.c. Significant changes (*, p≤0.05) between DAPT-treated (open bars) and untreated (black bars) cells are indicated by brackets. (B) Western blot showing Notch2 protein expression in siRNA-treated HDSC. Specific Notch2 signals are marked by an arrow (110 kDa). GAPDH was used as a loading control. Representative examples of 3 independent experiments are depicted. Lower panel shows the densitometrical quantification calculated from 3 independent experiments. si-ntc, si-non targeting control. * indicates p≤0.05 compared to si-ntc of the same day.
Mentions: Data shown above suggested that canonical Notch signaling could regulate decidual differentiation via Notch2, since the latter was the only receptor present in decidual stromal cells of tissues and in isolated HDSC. To verify this hypothesis, specific Notch2 blocking [24] or IgG control antibodies were added to HDSC transfected with the canonical Notch reporter (Fig. 5A). Analyses of luciferase activity revealed that, similar to the DAPT treatment, basal and cAMP/E2P4-induced Notch reporter expression was suppressed in the presence of Notch2 blocking antibodies. As a second approach to abolish Notch activity in HDSC, Notch2 was downregulated by siRNA-mediated gene silencing (Fig. 5B). Western blotting and densitometrical quantification of signals indicated maximal downregulation of Notch2 after 7 days of incubation with the specific siRNA.

Bottom Line: In contrast, treatment of HDSC with a chemical Notch/γ-secretase inhibitor decreased cAMP/E2P4-stimulated Notch luciferase activity, HES1 transcript levels and mRNA expression of the decidual marker genes prolactin (PRL) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1 (IGFBP1).Similarly, siRNA-mediated gene silencing or antibody-mediated blocking of Notch2 diminished HES1, PRL and IGFBP1 mRNA levels as well as secreted PRL protein.In summary, the data suggest that canonical, Notch2-dependent signaling plays a role in human decidualization.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Obstetrics and Fetal-Maternal Medicine, Reproductive Biology Unit, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

ABSTRACT
Decidualization, the transformation of the human uterine mucosa into the endometrium of pregnancy, is critical for successful implantation and embryonic development. However, key regulatory factors controlling differentiation of uterine stromal cells into hormone-secreting decidual cells have not been fully elucidated. Hence, we herein investigated the role of the Notch signaling pathway in human decidual stromal cells (HDSC) isolated from early pregnancy samples. Immunofluorescence of first trimester decidual tissues revealed expression of Notch2 receptor and its putative, membrane-anchored interaction partners Jagged1, Delta-like (DLL) 1 and DLL4 in stromal cells whereas other Notch receptors and ligands were absent from these cells. During in vitro differentiation with estrogen/progesterone (E2P4) and/or cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) HDSC constitutively expressed Notch2 and weakly downregulated Jagged1 mRNA and protein, measured by quantitative PCR (qPCR) and Western blotting, respectively. However, increased levels of DLL1 and DLL4 were observed in the decidualizing cultures. Transfection of a Notch luciferase reporter and qPCR of the Notch target gene hairy and enhancer of split 1 (HES1) revealed an induction of canonical Notch activity during in vitro differentiation. In contrast, treatment of HDSC with a chemical Notch/γ-secretase inhibitor decreased cAMP/E2P4-stimulated Notch luciferase activity, HES1 transcript levels and mRNA expression of the decidual marker genes prolactin (PRL) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1 (IGFBP1). Similarly, siRNA-mediated gene silencing or antibody-mediated blocking of Notch2 diminished HES1, PRL and IGFBP1 mRNA levels as well as secreted PRL protein. In summary, the data suggest that canonical, Notch2-dependent signaling plays a role in human decidualization.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus