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Evaluation of the nutritional status of infants from mothers tested positive to HIV/AIDS in the health district of Dschang, Cameroon.

Sobze MS, Wadoum RG, Temgoua E, Donfack JH, Ercoli L, Buonomo E, Fokam J, Dongho BD, Onohiol JF, Zefack Y, Zambou FN, Cresci A, Russo G, Colizzi V - Pan Afr Med J (2014)

Bottom Line: Significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) was noticed in height-for-age z-score (HAZ) of girls aged between 1 to 2 years compared to 1-year old girls as well as to boys of all ages, defining them as stunted.Furthermore, the weight-for-age z-score (WAZ) results indicate that both girls and boys of all age are in moderate state of malnutrition.The results of BMI thinness classified according to gender and age groups, indicates that most infants (68/130, 52.3%) showed grade 2 thinness predominantly in 2-years old both boys and girls.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Poor infant feeding practices are common in Africa, resulting in physical and intellectual developmental impairments. Good feeding practices are crucial, especially in the first year of growth. HIV/AIDS has worsened the clinical and nutritional status of both mothers and their children, exacerbating high rates of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to assess by participative approach, the nutritional status of infants from mothers tested positive to HIV in the health district of Dschang.

Methods: This is a cross sectional study with a period of recruitment of 2 years (2010-2012). Data Collection was done by the aim of a personal slip followed by training to strengthen the nutritional and hygienic capacity of targeted parents. Height and weight of infants were measured and body mass index (BMI) calculated.

Results: Significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) was noticed in height-for-age z-score (HAZ) of girls aged between 1 to 2 years compared to 1-year old girls as well as to boys of all ages, defining them as stunted. Furthermore, the weight-for-age z-score (WAZ) results indicate that both girls and boys of all age are in moderate state of malnutrition. The results of BMI thinness classified according to gender and age groups, indicates that most infants (68/130, 52.3%) showed grade 2 thinness predominantly in 2-years old both boys and girls. However, no participants fall within the normal category for age and sex, as well as overweight and obesity categories.

Conclusion: Undernutrition exists among infants from mothers tested positive to HIV residing in Dschang, as most of the infants are underweight, and malnourished.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Location of the Dschang town in the Menoua Division-West region-Cameroon [32]
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Figure 0002: Location of the Dschang town in the Menoua Division-West region-Cameroon [32]

Mentions: Height and weight were measured according to standard anthropometric methods (International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry: ISAK) [19]. Height was measured to the nearest 0.1 centimeters (cm) with a measuring tape (Seca) as well as a bare feet with participants standing upright against a mounted stadiometer (Seca) (Figure 2). Weight was measured to the nearest 0.1 kilogram (kg) with participants lightly dressed (underwear and T-shirt) using a baby scale (Seca-Säuglingwage) as well as the Health Scale - Mic balance. BMI was computed as weight / (height) 2 (kg m-2). The investigators themselves collected all the data and took care of inter-rater bias. The instruments used in the process of data collection like weighing machines were the same for all data collection. Weighing scale was calibrated on daily basis.


Evaluation of the nutritional status of infants from mothers tested positive to HIV/AIDS in the health district of Dschang, Cameroon.

Sobze MS, Wadoum RG, Temgoua E, Donfack JH, Ercoli L, Buonomo E, Fokam J, Dongho BD, Onohiol JF, Zefack Y, Zambou FN, Cresci A, Russo G, Colizzi V - Pan Afr Med J (2014)

Location of the Dschang town in the Menoua Division-West region-Cameroon [32]
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4231317&req=5

Figure 0002: Location of the Dschang town in the Menoua Division-West region-Cameroon [32]
Mentions: Height and weight were measured according to standard anthropometric methods (International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry: ISAK) [19]. Height was measured to the nearest 0.1 centimeters (cm) with a measuring tape (Seca) as well as a bare feet with participants standing upright against a mounted stadiometer (Seca) (Figure 2). Weight was measured to the nearest 0.1 kilogram (kg) with participants lightly dressed (underwear and T-shirt) using a baby scale (Seca-Säuglingwage) as well as the Health Scale - Mic balance. BMI was computed as weight / (height) 2 (kg m-2). The investigators themselves collected all the data and took care of inter-rater bias. The instruments used in the process of data collection like weighing machines were the same for all data collection. Weighing scale was calibrated on daily basis.

Bottom Line: Significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) was noticed in height-for-age z-score (HAZ) of girls aged between 1 to 2 years compared to 1-year old girls as well as to boys of all ages, defining them as stunted.Furthermore, the weight-for-age z-score (WAZ) results indicate that both girls and boys of all age are in moderate state of malnutrition.The results of BMI thinness classified according to gender and age groups, indicates that most infants (68/130, 52.3%) showed grade 2 thinness predominantly in 2-years old both boys and girls.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Poor infant feeding practices are common in Africa, resulting in physical and intellectual developmental impairments. Good feeding practices are crucial, especially in the first year of growth. HIV/AIDS has worsened the clinical and nutritional status of both mothers and their children, exacerbating high rates of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to assess by participative approach, the nutritional status of infants from mothers tested positive to HIV in the health district of Dschang.

Methods: This is a cross sectional study with a period of recruitment of 2 years (2010-2012). Data Collection was done by the aim of a personal slip followed by training to strengthen the nutritional and hygienic capacity of targeted parents. Height and weight of infants were measured and body mass index (BMI) calculated.

Results: Significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) was noticed in height-for-age z-score (HAZ) of girls aged between 1 to 2 years compared to 1-year old girls as well as to boys of all ages, defining them as stunted. Furthermore, the weight-for-age z-score (WAZ) results indicate that both girls and boys of all age are in moderate state of malnutrition. The results of BMI thinness classified according to gender and age groups, indicates that most infants (68/130, 52.3%) showed grade 2 thinness predominantly in 2-years old both boys and girls. However, no participants fall within the normal category for age and sex, as well as overweight and obesity categories.

Conclusion: Undernutrition exists among infants from mothers tested positive to HIV residing in Dschang, as most of the infants are underweight, and malnourished.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus