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PTSD in post-road traffic accident patients requiring hospitalization in Indian subcontinent: A review on magnitude of the problem and management guidelines.

Undavalli C, Das P, Dutt T, Bhoi S, Kashyap R - J Emerg Trauma Shock (2014)

Bottom Line: If left untreated, there may be adverse effects on quality of life (QOL) and work productivity.Our interpretation of the problem is that; hospital expenditure due to trauma, time away from work during hospitalization, and reduction in work performance, are three major hits that can lead RTA victims to financial crisis.Proposed management guidelines are; establish a coordinated triage, implementing a screening tool in the ED, and provide psychological counseling.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Preventive Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA.

ABSTRACT
Traumatic events after a road traffic accident (RTA) can be physical and/or psychological. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the major psychological conditions which affect accident victims. Psychological issues may not be addressed in the emergency department(ED) immediately. There have been reports about a mismatch between the timely referrals from ED to occupational or primary care services for these issues. If left untreated, there may be adverse effects on quality of life (QOL) and work productivity. Hospital expenses, loss of income, and loss of work could create a never ending cycle for financial difficulties and burden in trauma victims. The aim of our review is to address the magnitude of PTSD in post-RTA hospitalized patients in Indian subcontinent population. We also attempted to emphasis on few management guidelines. A comprehensive search was conducted on major databases with Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) term 'PTSD or post-traumatic stress' and Emergency department and vehicle or road or highway or automobile or car or truck or trauma and India. Out of 120 studies, a total of six studies met our inclusion criteria and were included in the review. Our interpretation of the problem is that; hospital expenditure due to trauma, time away from work during hospitalization, and reduction in work performance, are three major hits that can lead RTA victims to financial crisis. Proposed management guidelines are; establish a coordinated triage, implementing a screening tool in the ED, and provide psychological counseling.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

‘Three Hit Theory’ for financial issues post road traffic accidents
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Figure 2: ‘Three Hit Theory’ for financial issues post road traffic accidents

Mentions: Reduction in work performance due to PTSD which may result in loss of work, are three major hits that a RTA victim experiences in the post-trauma period and these hits are major factors leading to financial crisis [Figure 2].


PTSD in post-road traffic accident patients requiring hospitalization in Indian subcontinent: A review on magnitude of the problem and management guidelines.

Undavalli C, Das P, Dutt T, Bhoi S, Kashyap R - J Emerg Trauma Shock (2014)

‘Three Hit Theory’ for financial issues post road traffic accidents
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4231273&req=5

Figure 2: ‘Three Hit Theory’ for financial issues post road traffic accidents
Mentions: Reduction in work performance due to PTSD which may result in loss of work, are three major hits that a RTA victim experiences in the post-trauma period and these hits are major factors leading to financial crisis [Figure 2].

Bottom Line: If left untreated, there may be adverse effects on quality of life (QOL) and work productivity.Our interpretation of the problem is that; hospital expenditure due to trauma, time away from work during hospitalization, and reduction in work performance, are three major hits that can lead RTA victims to financial crisis.Proposed management guidelines are; establish a coordinated triage, implementing a screening tool in the ED, and provide psychological counseling.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Preventive Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA.

ABSTRACT
Traumatic events after a road traffic accident (RTA) can be physical and/or psychological. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the major psychological conditions which affect accident victims. Psychological issues may not be addressed in the emergency department(ED) immediately. There have been reports about a mismatch between the timely referrals from ED to occupational or primary care services for these issues. If left untreated, there may be adverse effects on quality of life (QOL) and work productivity. Hospital expenses, loss of income, and loss of work could create a never ending cycle for financial difficulties and burden in trauma victims. The aim of our review is to address the magnitude of PTSD in post-RTA hospitalized patients in Indian subcontinent population. We also attempted to emphasis on few management guidelines. A comprehensive search was conducted on major databases with Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) term 'PTSD or post-traumatic stress' and Emergency department and vehicle or road or highway or automobile or car or truck or trauma and India. Out of 120 studies, a total of six studies met our inclusion criteria and were included in the review. Our interpretation of the problem is that; hospital expenditure due to trauma, time away from work during hospitalization, and reduction in work performance, are three major hits that can lead RTA victims to financial crisis. Proposed management guidelines are; establish a coordinated triage, implementing a screening tool in the ED, and provide psychological counseling.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus