Cognitive conflicts in major depression: between desired change and personal coherence.
Bottom Line: Repertory grid analysis indicated conflict (presence of ID/s) in a greater proportion of depressive patients than in controls.In addition, participants with cognitive conflicts displayed higher symptom severity.Cognitive conflicts were more prevalent in depressive patients and were associated with clinical severity.
Affiliation: Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatments, University of Barcelona, Spain; Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, University of Barcelona, Spain.Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus
Mentions: The RGT is a constructivist assessment procedure originally proposed by Kelly (1955). It is a semistructured interview in which the interviewer first elicits elements (present self, ideal self, and significant others identified by the participant). Then, these elements are considered in dyads (two elements at a time) to elicit personal constructs by asking for similarities and differences between each pair of elements (e.g., both mother and sister are ‘friendly’). For each similarity or difference described by the participant, an opposite construct pole is also elicited (e.g., ‘friendly vs. unconcerned’). Elicitation continues until the person is unable to generate additional constructs and, then, the interviewer asks the participant to rate each element on each of the elicited personal constructs. These ratings use a 7-point Likert scale ranging from very much like the left pole of the construct to very much like the contrasting right pole. This provides a matrix of ratings for each participant’s grid, with columns representing important people of her or his interpersonal world (elements) and rows representing construct dimensions (see Figure2 for an example). Several indexes can be obtained through the mathematical analysis of the grid matrix; for the purpose of this study, two measures related to IDs were used:
Affiliation: Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatments, University of Barcelona, Spain; Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, University of Barcelona, Spain.