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Development of computer-tailored education program for patients with total hip replacement.

Jeong YW, Kim JA - Healthc Inform Res (2014)

Bottom Line: Phase 5: Based on comments from the experts' evaluation, modifications and revisions were made, and the program was completed.The developed program presented tailored messages using animations, video and flash considering the individual health status and characteristics of the primary target generation.In addition, the expert evaluation confirmed the validity of the program's content and design.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Nursing, Graduate School of Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop a Web-based computer-tailored education program to promote self-care for patients with total hip replacement.

Methods: The program was developed in five phases.

Results: Phase 1: Program content was developed, including the educational needs of patients with total hip replacement, based on a review of previous research and literature. Phase 2: A computer-tailored algorithm written as a series of 'if-then' statements was developed to offer the appropriate type of intervention based on an individual's personal health characteristics. Phase 3: A professional Web programmer produced then the program for use on the Web. Phase 4: An expert evaluation was performed focusing on two aspects, Web contents and website design. SPSS ver. 16.0 was used for the analysis, and grade point averages were used to compare each evaluation item. Phase 5: Based on comments from the experts' evaluation, modifications and revisions were made, and the program was completed.

Conclusions: The developed program presented tailored messages using animations, video and flash considering the individual health status and characteristics of the primary target generation. In addition, the expert evaluation confirmed the validity of the program's content and design.

No MeSH data available.


Example screen of education contents.
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Figure 4: Example screen of education contents.

Mentions: Previous studies have indicated that education using various methodologies had increased the self-efficacy and knowledge of learners [13,22]. Based on these studies, animations and flash were inserted to explain the content that focused on physical activities, such as 'how to exercise' and 'how to sit'. Videos were used to explain content focused on information regarding diseases such as arthritis. Furthermore, a feature called 'Searching the definition of words' was added to identify the meaning of 14 medical words that were frequently encountered, such as 'isometric contraction', 'quadriceps muscle of thigh', 'abrasion', 'muscular strength', etc. (Figure 4). It is expected that these features can help a learner more fully and easily understand the contents developed in the previous studies [14,17,18,19,20]. The program was designed to include an open 'Q&A' section that would allow users to contact the site operator at any time, and an emailing icon for those who wanted their questions to be private.


Development of computer-tailored education program for patients with total hip replacement.

Jeong YW, Kim JA - Healthc Inform Res (2014)

Example screen of education contents.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4231175&req=5

Figure 4: Example screen of education contents.
Mentions: Previous studies have indicated that education using various methodologies had increased the self-efficacy and knowledge of learners [13,22]. Based on these studies, animations and flash were inserted to explain the content that focused on physical activities, such as 'how to exercise' and 'how to sit'. Videos were used to explain content focused on information regarding diseases such as arthritis. Furthermore, a feature called 'Searching the definition of words' was added to identify the meaning of 14 medical words that were frequently encountered, such as 'isometric contraction', 'quadriceps muscle of thigh', 'abrasion', 'muscular strength', etc. (Figure 4). It is expected that these features can help a learner more fully and easily understand the contents developed in the previous studies [14,17,18,19,20]. The program was designed to include an open 'Q&A' section that would allow users to contact the site operator at any time, and an emailing icon for those who wanted their questions to be private.

Bottom Line: Phase 5: Based on comments from the experts' evaluation, modifications and revisions were made, and the program was completed.The developed program presented tailored messages using animations, video and flash considering the individual health status and characteristics of the primary target generation.In addition, the expert evaluation confirmed the validity of the program's content and design.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Nursing, Graduate School of Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop a Web-based computer-tailored education program to promote self-care for patients with total hip replacement.

Methods: The program was developed in five phases.

Results: Phase 1: Program content was developed, including the educational needs of patients with total hip replacement, based on a review of previous research and literature. Phase 2: A computer-tailored algorithm written as a series of 'if-then' statements was developed to offer the appropriate type of intervention based on an individual's personal health characteristics. Phase 3: A professional Web programmer produced then the program for use on the Web. Phase 4: An expert evaluation was performed focusing on two aspects, Web contents and website design. SPSS ver. 16.0 was used for the analysis, and grade point averages were used to compare each evaluation item. Phase 5: Based on comments from the experts' evaluation, modifications and revisions were made, and the program was completed.

Conclusions: The developed program presented tailored messages using animations, video and flash considering the individual health status and characteristics of the primary target generation. In addition, the expert evaluation confirmed the validity of the program's content and design.

No MeSH data available.